Revelations of Divine Love




Title: Revelations of Divine Love
Creator(s): Julian, of Norwich, b. 1343
Warrack, Grace (Translator)
Print Basis: 1901
Rights: Public Domain
CCEL Subjects: All; Classic; Mysticism; Proofed
LC Call no: BV4831 .J8 1966a
LC Subjects:

Practical theology

Practical religion. The Christian life

Works of meditation and devotion

Translated by Grace Warrack
First published 1901


?A Revelation of Love–in Sixteen Shewings?

THIS is a Revelation of Love that Jesus Christ, our endless bliss, made
in Sixteen Shewings, or Revelations particular.

Of the which the First is of His precious crowning with thorns; and
therewith was comprehended and specified the Trinity, with the
Incarnation, and unity betwixt God and man’s soul; with many fair
shewings of endless wisdom and teachings of love: in which all the
Shewings that follow be grounded and oned. [1]

The Second is the changing of colour of His fair face in token of His
dearworthy [2] Passion.

The Third is that our Lord God, Allmighty Wisdom, All-Love, right as
verily as He hath made everything that is, all-so verily He doeth and
worketh all-thing that is done.

The Fourth is the scourging of His tender body, with plenteous shedding
of His blood.

The Fifth is that the Fiend is overcome by the precious Passion of

The Sixth is the worshipful [3] thanking by our Lord God in which He
rewardeth His blessed servants in Heaven.

The Seventh is [our] often feeling of weal and woe; (the feeling of
weal is gracious touching and lightening, with true assuredness of
endless joy; the feeling of woe is temptation by heaviness and
irksomeness of our fleshly living 😉 with ghostly understanding that we
are kept all as securely in Love in woe as in weal, by the Goodness of

The Eighth is of the last pains of Christ, and His cruel dying.

The Ninth is of the pleasing which is in the Blissful Trinity by the
hard Passion of Christ and His rueful dying: in which joy and pleasing
He willeth that we be solaced and mirthed [4] with Him, till when we
come to the fulness in Heaven.

The Tenth is, our Lord Jesus sheweth in love His blissful heart even
cloven in two, rejoicing.

The Eleventh is an high ghostly Shewing of His dearworthy Mother.

The Twelfth is that our Lord is most worthy Being.

The Thirteenth is that our Lord God willeth we have great regard to all
the deeds that He hath done: in the great nobleness of the making of
all things; and the excellency of man’s making, which is above all his
works; and the precious Amends [5] that He hath made for man’s sin,
turning all our blame into endless worship. [6] In which Shewing also
our Lord saith: Behold and see! For by the same Might, Wisdom, and
Goodness that I have done all this, by the same Might, Wisdom, and
Goodness I shall

make well all that is not well; and thou shalt see it. And in this He
willeth that we keep us in the Faith and truth of Holy Church, not
desiring to see into His secret things now, save as it belongeth to us
in this life.

The Fourteenth is that our Lord is the Ground of our Prayer. Herein
were seen two properties: the one is rightful prayer, the other is
steadfast trust; which He willeth should both be alike large; and thus
our prayer pleaseth Him and He of His Goodness fulfilleth it.

The Fifteenth is that we shall suddenly be taken from all our pain and
from all our woe, and of His Goodness we shall come up above, where we
shall have our Lord Jesus for our meed and be fulfilled with joy and
bliss in Heaven.

The Sixteenth is that the Blissful Trinity, our Maker, in Christ Jesus
our Saviour, endlessly dwelleth in our soul, worshipfully ruling and
protecting all things, us mightily and wisely saving and keeping, for
love; and we shall not be overcome of our Enemy.

[1] made one, united.

[2] precious, honoured.

[3] honour-bestowing.

[4] made glad.

[5] MS. ”Asseth” = Satisfaction, making-enough.

[6] honour, glory.


?A simple creature unlettered.–Which creature afore desired three gifts of

THESE Revelations were shewed to a simple creature unlettered, [7] the
year of our Lord 1373, the Thirteenth day of May. Which creature [had]
afore desired three gifts of God. The First was mind of His Passion;
the Second was bodily sickness in youth, at thirty years of age; the
Third was to have of God’s gift three wounds.

As to the First, methought I had some feeling in the Passion of Christ,
but yet I desired more by the grace of God. Methought I would have been
that time with Mary Magdalene, and with other that were Christ’s
lovers, and therefore I desired a bodily sight wherein I might have
more knowledge of the bodily pains of our Saviour and of the compassion
of our Lady and of all His true lovers that saw, that time, His pains.
For I would be one of them and suffer with Him. Other sight nor shewing
of God desired I never none, till the soul were disparted from the
body. The cause of this petition was that after the shewing I should
have the more true mind in the Passion of Christ.

The Second came to my mind with contrition; [I] freely desiring that
sickness [to be] so hard as to death, that I might in that sickness
receive all my rites of Holy Church, myself thinking that I should die,
and that all creatures might suppose the same that saw me: for I would
have no manner of comfort of earthly life. In this sickness I desired
to have all manner of pains bodily and ghostly that I should have if I
should die, (with all the dreads and tempests of the fiends) except the
outpassing of the soul. And this I meant [8] for [that] I would be
purged, by the mercy of God, and afterward live more to the worship of
God because of that sickness. And that for the more furthering [9] in
my death: for I desired to be soon with my God.

These two desires of the Passion and the sickness I desired with a
condition, saying thus: Lord, Thou knowest what I would,–if it be Thy
will that I have it–; and if it be not Thy will, good Lord, be not
displeased: for I will nought but as Thou wilt.

For the Third [petition], by the grace of God and teaching of Holy
Church I conceived a mighty desire to receive three wounds in my life:
that is to say, the wound of very contrition, the wound of kind
compassion, [10] and the wound of steadfast [11] longing toward God.
[12] And all this last petition I asked without any condition.

These two desires aforesaid passed from my mind, but the third dwelled
with me continually.

[7] that cowde no letter = unskilled in letters.

[8] thought of, designed.

[9] MS.. ”speed.”

[10] i.e. natural.

[11] MS. ”wilful”=earnest, with set will.

[12] For these wounds see xvii. p. 40, xxvii. p. 56, xxviii., lxxii.
and xxxix.


?I desired to suffer with Him?

AND when I was thirty years old and a half, God sent me a bodily
sickness, in which I lay three days and three nights; and on the fourth
night I took all my rites of Holy Church, and weened not to have lived
till day. And after this I languored forth [13] two days and two
nights, and on the third night I weened oftentimes to have passed; [14]
and so weened they that were with me.

And being in youth as yet, I thought it great sorrow to die;–but for
nothing that was in earth that meliked to live for, nor for no pain
that I had fear of: for I trusted in God of His mercy. But it was to
have lived that I might have loved God better, and longer time, that I
might have the more knowing and loving of God in bliss of Heaven. For
methought all the time that I had lived here so little and so short in
regard of that endless bliss,–I thought [it was as] nothing. Wherefore
I thought: Good Lord, may my living no longer be to Thy worship! [15]
And I understood by my reason and by my feeling of my pains that I
should die; and I assented fully with all the will of my heart to be at
God’s will.

Thus I dured till day, and by then my body was dead from the middle
downwards, as to my feeling. Then was I minded to be set upright,
backward leaning, with help,–for to have more freedom of my heart to
be at God’s will, and thinking on God while my life would last.

My Curate was sent for to be at my ending, and by that time when he
came I had set my eyes, and might [16] not speak. He set the Cross
before my face and said: I have brought thee the Image of thy Master
and Saviour: look thereupon and comfort thee therewith.

Methought I was well [as it was], for my eyes were set uprightward unto
Heaven, where I trusted to come by the mercy of God; but nevertheless I
assented to set my eyes on the face of the Crucifix, if I might; and so
I did. For methought I might [17] longer dure to look evenforth [18]
than right up.

After this my sight began to fail, and it was all dark about me in the
chamber, as if it had been night, save in the Image of the Cross
whereon I beheld a common light; and I wist not how. All that was away
from [19] the Cross was of horror to me, as if it had been greatly
occupied by the fiends.

After this the upper [20] part of my body began to die, so far forth
that scarcely I had any feeling;–with shortness of breath. And then I
weened in sooth to have passed.

And in this [moment] suddenly all my pain was taken from me, and I was
as whole (and specially in the upper part of my body) as ever I was

I marvelled at this sudden change; for methought it was a privy working
of God, and not of nature. And yet by the feeling of this ease I
trusted never the more to live; nor was the feeling of this ease any
full ease unto me: for methought I had liefer have been delivered from
this world.

Then came suddenly to my mind that I should desire the second wound of
our Lord’s gracious gift: that my body might be fulfilled with mind and
feeling of His blessed Passion. For I would that His pains were my
pains, with compassion and afterward longing to God. But in this I
desired never bodily sight nor shewing of God, but compassion such as a
kind [21] soul might have with our Lord Jesus, that for love would be a
mortal man: and therefore I desired to suffer with Him.

[13] ”I langorid forth”=languished on.

[14] I thought often that I was about to die.

[15] Or it may be, as in de Cressy’s version: May my living be no
longer to Thy worship?

[16] i.e. could.

[17] i.e. could.

[18] straight forward.

[19] MS. ”beside.”

[20] MS. ”over.”

[21] ”kinde,” true to its nature that was made after the likeness of
the Creating Son of God, the type and the Head of Mankind, — therefore
loving, and sympathetic with Him, and compassionate of His earthly
sufferings: Who, Himself, for Love’s sake, suffered as man.



?I saw . . . as it were in the time of His Passion . . . And in the same
Shewing suddenly the Trinity filled my heart with utmost joy?

IN this [moment] suddenly I saw the red blood trickle down from under
the Garland hot and freshly and right plenteously, as it were in the
time of His Passion when the Garland of thorns was pressed on His
blessed head who was both God and Man, the same that suffered thus for
me. I conceived truly and mightily that it was Himself shewed it me,
without any mean. [22]

And in the same Shewing suddenly the Trinity fulfilled my heart most of
joy. And so I understood it shall be in heaven without end to all that
shall come there. For the Trinity is God: God is the Trinity; the
Trinity is our Maker and Keeper, the Trinity is our everlasting love
and everlasting joy and bliss, by our Lord Jesus Christ. And this was
shewed in the First [Shewing] and in all: for where Jesus appeareth,
the blessed Trinity is understood, as to my sight.

And I said: Benedicite Domine! This I said for reverence in my meaning,
with mighty voice; and full greatly was astonied for wonder and marvel
that I had, that He that is so reverend and dreadful will be so homely
with a sinful creature living in wretched flesh.

This [Shewing] I took for the time of my temptation, –for methought by
the sufferance of God I should be tempted of fiends ere I died. Through
this sight of the blessed Passion, with the Godhead that I saw in mine
understanding, I knew well that It was strength enough for me, yea, and
for all creatures living, against all the fiends of hell and ghostly

In this [Shewing] He brought our blessed Lady to my understanding. I
saw her ghostly, in bodily likeness: a simple maid and a meek, young of
age and little waxen above a child, in the stature that she was when
she conceived. Also God shewed in part the wisdom and the truth of her
soul: wherein I understood the reverent beholding in which she beheld
her God and Maker, marvelling with great reverence that He would be
born of her that was a simple creature of His making. And this wisdom
and truth: knowing the greatness of her Maker and the littleness of
herself that was made,–caused her to say full meekly to Gabriel: Lo
me, God’s handmaid! In this sight I understood soothly that she is more
than all that God made beneath her in worthiness and grace; for above
her is nothing that is made but the blessed Manhood [23] Of Christ, as
to my sight. [24]

[22] intermediary — thing or person. See vi, xix., xxxv., lv.

[23] Either: In this sight– Shewing — of her; or In this her sight —
insight — beholding (vii.. xliv, lxv.). See Rev. xi. ch. xxv.,.. ”For
our Lord shewed me nothing in special but our Lady Saint Mary; and her
He shewed three times.” The first shewing is here (a sight referred to
in ch. vii. and elsewhere); the second, in ch xviii.; the third, in ch.

[24] This word is in S. de Cressy’s edition.


?God, of Thy Goodness, give me Thyself;–only in Thee I have all?

IN this same time our Lord shewed me a spiritual [25] sight of His
homely loving.

I saw that He is to us everything that is good and comfortable for us:
He is our clothing that for love wrappeth us, claspeth us, and all
encloseth [26] us for tender love, that He may never leave us; being to
us all-thing that is good, as to mine understanding.

Also in this He shewed me a little thing, the quantity of an hazel-nut,
in the palm of my hand; and it was as round as a ball. I looked
thereupon with eye of my understanding, and thought: What may this be?
And it was answered generally thus: It is all that is made. I marvelled
how it might last, for methought it might suddenly have fallen to
naught for little[ness]. And I was answered in my understanding: It
lasteth, and ever shall [last] for that God loveth it. And so All-thing
hath the Being by the love of God.

In this Little Thing I saw three properties. The first is that God made
it, the second is that God loveth it, the third, that God keepeth it.
But what is to me verily the Maker, the Keeper, and the Lover,–I
cannot tell; for till I am Substantially oned [27] to Him, I may never
have full rest nor very bliss: that is to say, till I be so fastened to
Him, that there is right nought that is made betwixt my God and me.

It needeth us to have knowing of the littleness of creatures and to
hold as nought [28] all-thing that is made, for to love and have God
that is unmade. For this is the cause why we be not all in ease of
heart and soul: that we seek here rest in those things that are so
little, wherein is no rest, and know not our God that is All-mighty,
All-wise, All-good. For He is the Very Rest. God willeth to be known,
and it pleaseth Him that we rest in Him; for all that is beneath Him
sufficeth not us. And this is the cause why that no soul is rested till
it is made nought [29] as to all things that are made. When it is
willingly made nought, for love, to have Him that is all, then is it
able to receive spiritual rest.

Also our Lord God shewed that it is full great pleasance to Him that a
helpless soul come to Him simply and plainly and homely. For this is
the natural yearnings of the soul, by the touching of the Holy Ghost
(as by the understanding that I have in this Shewing): God, of Thy
Goodness, give me Thyself: for Thou art enough to me, and I may nothing
ask that is less that may be full worship to Thee; and if I ask
anything that is less, ever me wanteth,–but only in Thee I have all.

And these words are full lovely to the soul, and full near touch they
the will of God and His Goodness. For His Goodness comprehendeth all
His creatures and all His blessed works, and overpasseth [30] without
end. For He is the endlessness, and He hath made us only to Himself,
and restored us by His blessed Passion, and keepeth us in His blessed
love; and all this of His Goodness.

[25] MS. ”ghostly,” and so, generally, throughout the MS.

[26] ”Becloseth” and so generally.

[27] essence united.

[28] ”to nowtyn.”

[29] ”nowtid of.” de Cressy: ”naughted (emptied).”

[30] surpasseth.


?The Goodness of God is the highest prayer, and it cometh down to the lowest
part of our need?

THIS Shewing was made to learn our soul wisely to cleave to the
Goodness of God.

And in that time the custom of our praying was brought to mind: how we
use for lack of understanding and knowing of Love, to take many means
[whereby to beseech Him]. [31]

Then saw I truly that it is more worship to God, and more very delight,
that we faithfully [32] pray to Himself of His Goodness and cleave
thereunto by His Grace, with true understanding, and steadfast by love,
than if we took all the means that heart can think. For if we took all
these means, it is too little, and not full worship to God: but in His
Goodness is all the whole, and there faileth right nought.

For this, as I shall tell, came to my mind in the same time: We pray to
God for [the sake of] His holy flesh and His precious blood, His holy
Passion, His dearworthy death and wounds: and all the blessed kindness,
[33] the endless life that we have of all this, is His Goodness. And we
pray Him for [the sake of] His sweet Mother’s love that Him bare; and
all the help we have of her is of His Goodness. And we pray by His holy
Cross that he died on, and all the virtue and the help that we have of
the Cross, it is of His Goodness. And on the same wise, all the help
that we have of special saints and all the blessed Company of Heaven,
the dearworthy love and endless friendship that we have of them, it is
of His Goodness. For God of His Goodness hath ordained means to help
us, full fair and many: of which the chief and principal mean is the
blessed nature that He took of the Maid, with all the means that go
afore and come after which belong to our redemption and to endless
salvation. Wherefore it pleaseth Him that we seek Him and worship
through means, understanding that He is the Goodness of all.

For the Goodness of God is the highest prayer, and it cometh down to
the lowest part of our need. It quickeneth our soul and bringeth it on
life, and maketh it for to waxen in grace and virtue. It is nearest in
nature; and readiest in grace: for it is the same grace that the soul
seeketh, and ever shall seek till we know verily that He hath us all in
Himself enclosed.

For He hath no despite of that He hath made, nor hath He any disdain to
serve us at the simplest office that to our body belongeth in nature,
for love of the soul that He hath made to His own likeness.

For as the body is clad in the cloth, and the flesh in the skin, and
the bones in the flesh, and the heart in the whole, [34] so are we,
soul and body, clad in the Goodness of God, and enclosed. Yea, and more
homely: for all these may waste and wear away, but the Goodness of God
is ever whole; and more near to us, without any likeness; for truly our
Lover desireth that our soul cleave to Him with all its might, and that
we be evermore cleaving to His Goodness. For of all things that heart
may think, this pleaseth most God, and soonest speedeth [the soul].

For our soul is so specially loved of Him that is highest, that it
overpasseth the knowing of all creatures: that is to say, there is no
creature that is made that may [fully] know [35] how much and how
sweetly and how tenderly our Maker loveth us. And therefore we may with
grace and His help stand in spiritual beholding, with everlasting
marvel of this high, overpassing, inestimable [36] Love that Almighty
God hath to us of His Goodness. And therefore we may ask of our Lover
with reverence all that we will.

For our natural [37] Will is to have God, and the Good Will of God is
to have us; and we may never cease from willing nor from longing till
we have Him in fullness of joy: and then may we no more desire.

For He willeth that we be occupied in knowing and loving till the time
that we shall be fulfilled in Heaven; and therefore was this lesson of
Love shewed, with all that followeth, as ye shall see. For the strength
and the Ground of all was shewed in the First Sight. For of all things
the beholding and the loving of the Maker maketh the soul to seem less
in his own sight, and most filleth him with reverent dread and true
meekness; with plenty of charity to his even-Christians.

[31] MS. To make many menys. So in Letter 385 of The Paston
Letters,1422-1509 A.D. — Our Soverayn Lord hath wonne the feld, and
uppon the Munday next after Palmesunday, he was resseved in York with
gret solempnyte and processyons. And the Mair and Comons of the said
cite mad ther menys to have grace be by Lord Montagu and Lord Barenars,
which be for the Kyngs coming in to the said cite, which graunted hem
[them] grace.” Letter 472 (from Margaret Paston).– ” Your ryth wele
willers have kounselyd me that I xuld kownsell you to maken other menys
than ye have made, to other folks, that wold spede your matyrs better
than they have done thatt ye have spoken to therof” (ed by James
Gairdner, vol. i.). See ch. iv, p. 8.

[32] i.e. trustingly.

[33] bond as of relationship.

[34] ”the bouke”=the bulk, the thorax.

[35] ”witten.”

[36] or, as in S. de Cressy, ”unmeasurable.” The word, however, looks
like ”oninestimable ” with the ”on ” blotted or erased.

[37] ”kindly.”


?The Shewing is not other than of faith, nor less nor more?

AND [it was] to learn us this, as to mine understanding, [that] our
Lord God shewed our Lady Saint Mary in the same time: that is to say,
the high Wisdom and Truth she had in beholding of her Maker so great,
so holy, so mighty, and so good. This greatness and this nobleness of
the beholding of God fulfilled her with reverent dread, and withal she
saw herself so little and so low, so simple and so poor, in regard of
[38] her Lord God, that this reverent dread fulfilled her with
meekness. And thus, by this ground [of meekness] she was fulfilled with
grace and with all manner of virtues, and overpasseth all creatures.

In all the time that He shewed this that I have told now in spiritual
sight, I saw the bodily sight lasting of the plenteous bleeding of the
Head. The great drops of blood fell down from under the Garland like
pellots, seeming as it had come out of the veins; and in the coming out
they were brown-red, for the blood was full thick; and in the
spreading-abroad they were bright-red; and when they came to the brows,
then they vanished; notwithstanding, the bleeding continued till many
things were seen and understood. The fairness and the lifelikeness is
like nothing but the same; the plenteousness is like to the drops of
water that fall off the eaves after a great shower of rain, that fall
so thick that no man may number them with bodily wit; and for the
roundness, they were like to the scale of herring, in the spreading on
the forehead. These three came to my mind in the time: pellots, for
roundness, in the coming out of the blood; the scale of herring, in the
spreading in the forehead, for roundness; the drops off eaves, for the
plenteousness innumerable.

This Shewing was quick and life-like, and horrifying and dreadful,
sweet and lovely. And of all the sight it was most comfort to me that
our God and Lord that is so reverend and dreadful, is so homely and
courteous: and this most fulfilled me with comfort and assuredness of

And to the understanding of this He shewed this open example.–

It is the most worship that a solemn King or a great Lord may do a poor
servant if he will be homely with him, and specially if he sheweth it
himself, of a full true meaning, and with a glad cheer, both privately
and in company. Then thinketh this poor creature thus: And what might
this noble Lord do of more worship and joy to me than to shew me that
am so simple this marvellous homeliness? Soothly it is more joy and
pleasance to me than [if] he gave me great gifts and were himself
strange in manner. This bodily example was shewed so highly that man’s
heart might be ravished and almost forgetting itself for joy of the
great homeliness. Thus it fareth with our Lord Jesus and with us. For
verily it is the most joy that may be, as to my sight, that He that is
highest and mightiest, noblest and worthiest, is lowest and meekest,
homeliest and most courteous: and truly and verily this marvellous joy
shall be shewn us all when we see Him.

And this willeth our Lord that we seek for and trust to, joy and
delight in, comforting us and solacing us, as we may with His grace and
with His help, unto the time that we see it verily. For the most
fulness of joy that we shall have, as to my sight, is the marvellous
courtesy and homeliness of our Father, that is our Maker, in our Lord
Jesus Christ that is our Brother and our Saviour.

But this marvellous homeliness may no man fully see in this time of
life, save he have it of special shewing of our Lord, or of great
plenty of grace inwardly given of the Holy Ghost. But faith and belief
with charity deserveth the meed: and so it is had, by grace; for in
faith, with hope and charity, our life is grounded. The Shewing, made
to whom that God will, plainly teacheth the same, opened and declared,
with many privy points belonging to our Faith which be worshipful to
know. And when the Shewing which is given in a time is passed and hid,
then the faith keepeth [it] by grace of the Holy Ghost unto our life’s
end. And thus through the Shewing it is not other than of faith, nor
less nor more; as it may be seen in our Lord’s teaching in the same
matter, by that time that it shall come to the end.

[38] i.e. seen at the same time as, or in comparison with. See the note
to ch. iv. p. 9.


?In all this I was greatly stirred in charity to my fellow-Christians that
they might see and know the same that I saw?

AND as long as I saw this sight of the plenteous bleeding of the Head I
might never cease from these words: Benedicite Domine!

In which Shewing I understood six things:–The first is, the tokens of
the blessed Passion and the plenteous shedding of His precious blood.
The second is, the Maiden that is His dearworthy Mother. The third is,
the blissful Godhead that ever was, is, and ever shall be: Almighty,
All-Wisdom, All-Love. The fourth is, all-thing that He hath made.–For
well I wot that heaven and earth and all that is made is great and
large, fair and good; but the cause why it shewed so little to my sight
was for that I saw it in the presence of Him that is the Maker of all
things: for to a soul that seeth the Maker of all, all that is made
seemeth full little.–The fifth is: He that made all things for love,
by the same love keepeth them, and shall keep them [39] without end.
The sixth is, that God is all that is good, as to my sight, and the
goodness that each thing hath, it is He. [40]

And all these our Lord shewed me in the first Sight, with time and
space to behold it. And the bodily sight stinted, [41] but the
spiritual sight dwelled in mine understanding, and I abode with
reverent dread, joying in that I saw. And I desired, as I durst, to see
more, if it were His will, or else [to see for] longer time the same.

In all this I was greatly stirred in charity to mine even-Christians,
that they might see and know the same that I saw: for I would it were
comfort to them. For all this Sight was shewed [with] general [regard].
Then said I to them that were about me: It is to-day Doomsday with me.
And this I said for that I thought to have died. (For that day that a
man dieth, he is judged [42] as shall be without end, as to mine
understanding.) This I said for that I would they might love God the
better, for to make them to have in mind that this life is short, as
they might see in example. For in all this time I weened to have died;
and that was marvel to me, and troublous partly: for methought this
Vision was shewed for them that should live. And that which l say of
me, I say in the person of all mine even-Christians: for I am taught in
the Spiritual Shewing of our Lord God that He meaneth so. And therefore
I pray you all for God’s sake, and counsel you for your own profit,
that ye leave the beholding of a poor creature [43] that it was shewed
to, and mightily, wisely, and meekly behold God that of His courteous
love and endless goodness would shew it generally, in comfort of us
all. For it is God’s will that ye take it with great joy and pleasance,
as if Jesus had shewed it to you all.

[39] ”it is kept, and shall be.”

[40] ”God is althing that is gode, as to my sight, and the godenes that
al thing hath, it is he.”

[41] .i.e. ceased.

[42] ”deemed.”

[43] a wretch.


?If I look singularly to myself, I am right nought?

BECAUSE of the Shewing I am not good but if I love God the better: and
in as much as ye love God the better, it is more to you than to me. I
say [44] not this to them that be wise, for they wot it well; but I say
it to you that be simple, for ease and comfort: for we are all one in
comfort. For truly it was not shewed me that God loved me better than
the least soul that is in grace; for I am certain that there be many
that never had Shewing nor sight but of the common teaching of Holy
Church, that love God better than I. For if I look singularly to
myself, I am right nought; but in [the] general [Body] I am, I hope, in
oneness of charity with all mine even-Christians.

For in this oneness standeth the life of all mankind that shall be
saved. For God is all that is good, as to my sight, and God hath made
all that is made, and God loveth all that He hath made: and he that
loveth generally all his even-Christians for God, he loveth all that
is. For in mankind that shall be saved is comprehended all: that is to
say, all that is made and the Maker of all. For in man is God, and God
is in all. And I hope by the grace of God he that beholdeth it thus
shall be truly taught and mightily comforted, if he needeth comfort.

I speak of them that shall be saved, for in this time God shewed me
none other. But in all things I believe as Holy Church believeth,
preacheth, and teacheth. For the Faith of Holy Church, the which I had
aforehand understood and, as I hope, by the grace of God earnestly kept
in use and custom, stood continually in my sight: [I] willing and
meaning never to receive anything that might be contrary thereunto. And
with this intent I beheld the Shewing with all my diligence: for in all
this blessed Shewing I beheld it as one in God’s meaning. [45]

All this was shewed by three [ways]: that is to say, by bodily sight,
and by word formed in mine understanding, and by spiritual sight. But
the spiritual sight I cannot nor may not shew it as openly nor as fully
as I would. But I trust in our Lord God Almighty that He shall of His
goodness, and for your love, make you to take it more spiritually and
more sweetly than I can or may tell it.

[44] ”sey” = say or tell.

[45] The teaching of the Faith and the teaching of the special Shewing
were both from God and were seen to be at one.



?God willeth to be seen and to be sought: to be abided and to be trusted?

AND after this I saw with bodily sight in the face of the crucifix that
hung before me, on the which I gazed continually, a part of His
Passion: despite, spitting and sullying, and buffetting, and many
languoring pains, more than I can tell, and often changing of colour.
And one time I saw half the face, beginning at the ear, over-gone with
dry blood till it covered to the mid-face. And after that the other
half [was] covered on the same wise, the whiles in this [first] part
[it vanished] even as it came.

This saw I bodily, troublously and darkly; and I desired more bodily
sight, to have seen more clearly. And I was answered in my reason: If
God will shew thee more, He shall be thy light: thee needeth none but
Him. For I saw Him sought. [46]

For we are now so blind and unwise that we never seek God till He of
His goodness shew Himself to us. And when we aught see of Him
graciously, then are we stirred by the same grace to seek with great
desire to see Him more blissfully.

And thus I saw Him, and sought Him; and I had Him, I wanted Him. And
this is, and should be, our common working in this [life], as to my

One time mine understanding was led down into the sea-ground, and there
I saw hills and dales green, seeming as it were moss-be-grown, with
wrack and gravel. Then I understood thus: that if a man or woman were
under the broad water, if he might have sight of God so as God is with
a man continually, he should be safe in body and soul, and take no
harm: and overpassing, he should have more solace and comfort than all
this world can tell. For He willeth we should believe [47] that we see
Him continually though that to us it seemeth but little [of sight]; and
in this belief He maketh us evermore to gain grace. For He will be seen
and He will be sought: He will be abided and he will be trusted.

This Second Shewing was so low and so little and so simple, that my
spirits were in great travail in the beholding,–mourning, full of
dread, and longing: for I was some time in doubt whether it was a
Shewing. And then diverse times our good Lord gave me more sight,
whereby I understood truly that it was a Shewing. It was a figure and
likeness of our foul deeds’ shame that our fair, bright, blessed Lord
bare for our sins: it made me to think of the Holy Vernacle [47] at
Rome, which He hath portrayed with His own blessed face when He was in
His hard Passion, with steadfast will going to His death, and often
changing of colour. Of the brownness and blackness, the ruefulness and
wastedness of this Image many marvel how it might be, since that He
portrayed it with His blessed Face who is the fairness of heaven,
flower of earth, and the fruit of the Maiden’s womb. Then how might
this Image be so darkening in colour [48] and so far from fair?–I
desire to tell like as I have understood by the grace of God:–

We know in our Faith, and believe by the teaching and preaching of Holy
Church, that the blessed Trinity made Mankind [49] to His image and to
His likeness. In the same manner-wise we know that when man fell so
deep and so wretchedly by sin, there was none other help to restore man
but through Him that made man. And He that made man for love, by the
same love He would restore man to the same bliss, and overpassing; and
like as we were like-made to the Trinity in our first making, our Maker
would that we should be like Jesus Christ, Our Saviour, in heaven
without end, by the virtue of our again-making.

Then atwix these two, He would for love and worship of man make Himself
as like to man in this deadly life, in our foulness and our
wretchedness, as man might be without guilt. This is that which is
meant where it is said afore: it was the image and likeness of our foul
black deeds’ shame wherein our fair, bright, blessed Lord God was hid.
But full certainly I dare say, and we ought to trow it, that so fair a
man was never none but He, till what time His fair colour was changed
with travail and sorrow and Passion and dying. Of this it is spoken in
the Eighth Revelation, where it treateth more of the same likeness. And
where it speaketh of the Vernacle of Rome, it meaneth by [reason of]
diverse changing of colour and countenance, sometime more comfortably
and life-like, sometime more ruefully and death-like, as it may be seen
in the Eighth Revelation.

And this [dim] vision was a learning, to mine understanding, that the
continual seeking of the soul pleaseth God full greatly: for it may do
no more than seek, suffer and trust. And this is wrought in the soul
that hath it, by the Holy Ghost; and the clearness of finding, it is of
His special grace, when it is His will. The seeking, with faith, hope,
and charity, pleaseth our Lord, and the finding pleaseth the soul and
fulfilleth it with joy. And thus was I learned, to mine understanding,
that seeking is as good as beholding, for the time that He will suffer
the soul to be in travail. It is God’s will that we seek Him, to the
beholding of Him, for by that [50] He shall shew us Himself of His
special grace when He will. And how a soul shall have Him in its
beholding, He shall teach Himself: and that is most worship to Him and
profit to thyself, and [the soul thus] most receiveth of meekness and
virtues with the grace and leading of the Holy Ghost. For a soul that
only fasteneth it[self] on to God with very trust, either by seeking or
in beholding, it is the most worship that it may do to Him, as to my

These are two workings that may be seen in this Vision: the one is
seeking, the other is beholding. The seeking is common,–that every
soul may have with His grace,–and ought to have that discretion and
teaching of the Holy Church. It is God’s will that we have three things
in our seeking:–The first is that we seek earnestly and diligently,
without sloth, and, as it may be through His grace, without
unreasonable [51] heaviness and vain sorrow. The second is, that we
abide Him steadfastly for His love, without murmuring and striving
against Him, to our life’s end: for it shall last but awhile. The third
is that we trust in Him mightily of full assured faith. For it is His
will that we know that He shall appear suddenly and blissfully to all
that love Him.

For His working is privy, and He willeth to be perceived; and His
appearing shall be swiftly sudden; and He willeth to be trusted. For He
is full gracious and homely: Blessed may He be!

[46] In de Cressy’s version: ”I saw Him and sought Him.”

[47] wetyn = wit.

[47] The Handkerchief of St. Veronica.

[48] ”so discolouring.”

[49] i.e., according to.

[50] ”for be that” = for by [means of] that; or possibly the Old
English and Scottish ‘forbye that’=besides that.

[51] ”onskilful”=without discernment or ability; unpractical. S. de
Cressy, ”unreasonable.”



?All thing that is done, it is well done: for our Lord God doeth all.? ?Sin is
no deed?

AND after this I saw God in a Point, [52] that is to say, in mine
understanding,–by which sight I saw that He is in all things.

I beheld and considered, seeing and knowing in sight, with a soft
dread, and thought: What is sin? For I saw truly that God doeth
all-thing, be it never so little. And I saw truly that nothing is done
by hap nor by adventure, but all things by the foreseeing wisdom of
God: if it be hap or adventure in the sight of man, our blindness and
our unforesight is the cause. For the things that are in the foreseeing
wisdom of God from without beginning, (which rightfully and
worshipfully and continually He leadeth to the best end,) as they come
about fall to us suddenly, ourselves unwitting; and thus by our
blindness and our unforesight we say: these be haps and adventures. But
to our Lord God they be not so.

Wherefore me behoveth needs to grant that all-thing that is done, it is
well-done: for our Lord God doeth all. For in this time the working of
creatures was not shewed, but [the working] of our Lord God in the
creature: for He is in the Mid-point of all thing, and all He doeth.
And I was certain He doeth no sin.

And here I saw verily that sin is no deed: for in all this was not sin
shewed. And I would no longer marvel in this, but beheld our Lord, what
He would shew.

And thus, as much as it might be for the time, the rightfulness of
God’s working was shewed to the soul.

Rightfulness hath two fair properties: it is right and it is full. And
so are all the works of our Lord God: thereto needeth neither the
working of mercy nor grace: for they be all rightful: wherein faileth

But in another time He gave a Shewing for the beholding of sin nakedly,
as I shall tell: where He useth working of mercy and grace.

And this vision was shewed, to mine understanding, for that our Lord
would have the soul turned truly unto the beholding of Him, and
generally of all His works. For they are full good; and all His doings
are easy and sweet, and to great ease bringing the soul that is turned
from the beholding of the blind Deeming of man unto the fair sweet
Deeming of our Lord God. For a man beholdeth some deeds well done and
some deeds evil, but our Lord beholdeth them not so: for as all that
hath being in nature is of Godly making, so is all that is done, in
property of God’s doing. For it is easy to understand that the best
deed is well done: and so well as the best deed is done–the
highest–so well is the least deed done; and all thing in its property
and in the order that our Lord hath ordained it to from without
beginning. For there is no doer but He.

I saw full surely that he changeth never His purpose in no manner of
thing, nor never shall, without end. For there was no thing unknown to
Him in His rightful ordinance from without beginning. And therefore
all-thing was set in order ere anything was made, as it should stand
without end; and no manner of thing shall fail of that point. For He
made all things in fulness of goodness, and therefore the blessed
Trinity is ever full pleased in all His works. [53]

And all this shewed He full blissfully, signifying thus: See! I am God:
see! I am in all thing: see! I do all thing: see! I lift never mine
hands off my works, nor ever shall, without end: see! I lead all thing
to the end I ordained it to from without beginning, by the same Might,
Wisdom and Love whereby I made it. How should any thing be amiss?

Thus mightily, wisely, and lovingly was the soul examined in this
Vision. Then saw I soothly that me behoved, of need, to assent, with
great reverence enjoying in God.

[52] See below: ” He is in the Mid-point,” and lxiii. p. 158, ” the
blessed Point from which nature came: that is, God.” See also xxi. p.
45, ”Where is now any point of thy pain?” (least part) and xxi. p. 46,
” abiding unto the last point”; and lxiv. p. 161, ”set the point of our
thought.” These uses of the word may be compared with the following: —
From the Banquet of Dante Alighieri; tr. by K. Hillard (Kegan Paul,
Trench and Co.), Bk. II xiv. 12 ”Geometry moves between the point and
the circle”; as Euclid says, ” the point is the beginning of Geometry,
and according to him, the circle is the most perfect figure, and
therefore may be considered its end…. The point by reason of its
indivisibility is immeasurable, and the circle by reason of its arc
cannot be exactly squared, and therefore cannot be measured with
precision.” Notes by Miss Hillard: ”This is why the Deity is
represented by a point.” Paradiso, xxviii. 16: ‘A point beheld I,’
‘Heaven and all nature, hangs upon that point,’ etc. Bk. IV, 6, quoting
Aristotle’s Physics: ”The circle can be called perfect when it is a
true circle. And this is when it contains a point which is equally
distant from every part of its circumference” In the Vita Nuova Love
appearing, says — ”I am as the centre of a circle, to which all parts
of the circumference bear an equal relation’ (‘Amor che muove il sole e
l’altre stelle’.)” From Neoplatonism, by C. Bigg, D.D. (S.P.C.K.), p.
122: ”Thus we get a triplet — Soul, Intelligence, and a higher
Intelligence. The last is spoken of as One, as a point, as neither good
nor evil because above both.”

[53] On this subject, with the ”Two Deemings” and ”the Godly Will,” see
xlv., xxxv., xxxvii., lxxxii.



?The dearworthy blood of our Lord Jesus Christ as verily as it is most
precious, so verily it is most plenteous?

AND after this I saw, beholding, the body plenteously bleeding in
seeming of [54] the Scourging, as thus:–The fair skin was broken full
deep into the tender flesh with sharp smiting all about the sweet body.
So plenteously the hot blood ran out that there was neither seen skin
nor wound, but as it were all blood. And when it came where it should
have fallen down, then it vanished. Notwithstanding, the bleeding
continued awhile: till it might be seen and considered. [55] And this
was so plenteous, to my sight, that methought if it had been so in kind
[56] and in substance at that time, it should have made the bed all one
blood, and have passed over about.

And then came to my mind that God hath made waters plenteous in earth
to our service and to our bodily ease for tender love that He hath to
us, but yet liketh Him better that we take full homely His blessed
blood to wash us of sin: for there is no water [57] that is made that
He liketh so well to give us. For it is most plenteous as it is most
precious: and that by the virtue of His blessed Godhead; and it is [of]
our Kind, and all-blissfully belongeth to us by the virtue of His
precious love.

The dearworthy blood of our Lord Jesus Christ as verily as it is most
precious, so verily it is most plenteous. Behold and see! The precious
plenty of His dearworthy blood descended down into Hell and burst her
bands and delivered all that were there which belonged to the Court of
Heaven. The precious plenty of His dearworthy blood overfloweth all
Earth, and is ready to wash all creatures of sin, which be of goodwill,
have been, and shall be. The precious plenty of His dearworthy blood
ascended up into Heaven to the blessed body of our Lord Jesus Christ,
and there is in Him, bleeding and praying for us to the Father,–and
is, and shall be as long as it needeth;–and ever shall be as long as
it needeth. And evermore it floweth in all Heavens enjoying the
salvation of all mankind, that are there, and shall be–fulfilling the
number [58] that faileth.

[54] i.e. as it were from.

[55] ”sene with avisement,” so, p. 26. — ” 1 beheld with avisement.”

[56] i.e. Nature, reality.

[57] MS. ”licor.”

[58] The appointed number of heavenly citizens.



?The Enemy is overcome by the blessed Passion and Death of our Lord Jesus
Christ ?

AND after this, ere God shewed any words, He suffered me for a
convenient time to give heed unto Him and all that I had seen, and all
intellect [59] that was therein, as the simplicity of the soul might
take it. [60] Then He, without voice and opening of lips, formed in my
soul these words: Herewith is the Fiend overcome. These words said our
Lord, meaning His blessed Passion as He shewed it afore.

On this shewed our Lord that the Passion of Him is the overcoming of
the Fiend. God shewed that the Fiend hath now the same malice that he
had afore the Incarnation. And as sore he travaileth, and as
continually he seeth that all souls of salvation escape him,
worshipfully, by the virtue of Christ’s precious Passion. And that is
his sorrow, and full evil is he ashamed: for all that God suffereth him
to do turneth [for] us to joy and [for] him to shame and woe. And he
hath as much sorrow when God giveth him leave to work, as when he
worketh not: and that is for that he may never do as ill as he would:
for his might is all taken [61] into God’s hand.

But in God there may be no wrath, as to my sight: for our good Lord
endlessly hath regard to His own worship and to the profit of all that
shall be saved. With might and right He withstandeth the Reproved, the
which of malice and wickedness busy them to contrive and to do against
God’s will. Also I saw our Lord scorn his malice and set at nought his
unmight; and He willeth that we do so. For this sight I laughed
mightily, and that made them to laugh that were about me, and their
laughing was a pleasure to me. I thought that I would that all mine
even-Christians had seen as I saw, and then would they all laugh with
me. But I saw not Christ laugh. For I understood that we may laugh in
comforting of ourselves and joying in God for that the devil is
overcome. And when I saw Him scorn his malice, it was by leading of
mine understanding into our Lord: that is to say, it was an inward
shewing of verity, without changing of look. [62] For, as to my sight,
it is a worshipful property of God’s that [He] is ever the same.

And after this I fell into a graveness, [63] and said: I see three
things: I see game, scorn, and earnest. I see [a] game, in that the
Fiend is overcome; I see scorn, in that God scorneth him, and he shall
be scorned; and I see earnest, in that he is overcome by the blissful
Passion and Death of our Lord Jesus Christ that was done in full
earnest and with sober travail.

When I said, he is scorned,–I meant that God scorneth him, that is to
say, because He seeth him now as he shall do without end. For in this
[word] God shewed that the Fiend is condemned. And this meant I when I
said: he shall be scorned: [he shall be scorned] at Doomsday, generally
of all that shall be saved, to whose consolation he hath great
ill-will. [64] For then he shall see that all the woe and tribulation
that he hath done to them shall be turned to increase of their joy,
without end; and all the pain and tribulation that he would have
brought them to shall endlessly go with him to hell.

[59] i.e. significance, teaching.

[60] i.e. in so far as the simplicity of my soul was able to understand
it. — See xxiv.

[61] S. de Cressy has ”locked ” instead of ”taken.”

[62] ”chere” = expression of countenance.

[63] ”sadhede.”

[64] ”invye.”



?The age of every man shall be acknowledged before him in Heaven, and every
man shall be rewarded for his willing service and for his time.?

AFTER this our good Lord said: I thank thee for thy travail, and
especially for thy youth.

And in this [Shewing] mine understanding was lifted up into Heaven
where I saw our Lord as a lord in his own house, which hath called all
his dearworthy servants and friends to a stately feast. [65] Then I saw
the Lord take no place in His own house, but I saw Him royally reign in
His house, fulfilling it with joy and mirth, Himself endlessly to
gladden and to solace His dearworthy friends, full homely and full
courteously, with marvellous melody of endless love, in His own fair
blessed Countenance. Which glorious Countenance of the Godhead
fulfilleth the Heavens with joy and bliss. [66]

God shewed three degrees of bliss that every soul shall have in Heaven
that willingly hath served God in any degree in earth. The first is the
worshipful thanks of our Lord God that he shall receive when he is
delivered of pain. This thanking is so high and so worshipful that the
soul thinketh it filleth him though there were no more. For methought
that all the pain and travail that might be suffered by all living men
might not deserve the worshipful thanks that one man shall have that
willingly hath served God. The second is that all the blessed creatures
that are in Heaven shall see that worshipful thanking, and He maketh
his service known to all that are in Heaven. And here this example was
shewed.–A king, if he thank his servants, it is a great worship to
them, and if he maketh it known to all the realm, then is the worship
greatly increased.–The third is, that as new and as gladdening as it
is received in that time, right so shall it last without end.

And I saw that homely and sweetly was this shewed, and that the age of
every man shall be [made] known in Heaven, and [he] shall be rewarded
for his willing service and for his time. And specially the age of them
that willingly and freely offer their youth unto God, passingly is
rewarded and wonderfully is thanked.

For I saw that whene’er what time a man or woman is truly turned to
God,–for one day’s service and for his endless will he shall have all
these three decrees of bliss. And the more the loving soul seeth this
courtesy of God, the liefer he [67] is to serve him all the days of his

[65] Ms. ”solemne” — ceremonial.

[66] See lxxii. and lxxv.

[67] Throughout this MS. the soul is referred to generally with the
masculine pronoun; the feminine pronoun is never used, in any of its
cases; the neuter sometimes occurs.



?It is not God’s will that we follow the feeling of pains in sorrow and
mourning for them?

AND after this He shewed a sovereign ghostly pleasance in my soul. I
was fulfilled with the everlasting sureness, mightily sustained without
any painful dread. This feeling was so glad and so ghostly that I was
in all peace and in rest, that there was nothing in earth that should
have grieved me.

This lasted but a while, and I was turned and left to myself in
heaviness, and weariness of my life, and irksomeness of myself, that
scarcely I could have patience to live. There was no comfort nor none
ease to me but faith, hope, and charity; and these I had in truth, but
little in feeling.

And anon after this our blessed Lord gave me again the comfort and the
rest in soul, in satisfying and sureness so blissful and so mighty that
no dread, no sorrow, no pain bodily that might be suffered should have
distressed me. And then the pain shewed again to my feeling, and then
the joy and the pleasing, and now that one, and now that other, divers
times–I suppose about twenty times. And in the time of joy I might
have said with Saint Paul: Nothing shall dispart me from the charity of
Christ; and in the pain I might have said with Peter: Lord, save me: I

This Vision was shewed me, according to mine understanding, [for] that
it is speedful to some souls to feel on this wise: sometime to be in
comfort, and sometime to fail and to be left to themselves. God willeth
that we know that He keepeth us even alike secure in woe and in weal.
And for profit of man’s soul, a man is sometime left to himself;
although sin is not always the cause: for in this time I sinned not
wherefore I should be left to myself–for it was so sudden. Also I
deserved not to have this blessed feeling. But freely our Lord giveth
when He will; and suffereth us [to be] in woe sometime. And both is one

For it is God’s will that we hold us in comfort with all our might: for
bliss is lasting without end, and pain is passing and shall be brought
to nought for them that shall be saved. And therefore it is not God’s
will that we follow the feelings of pain in sorrow and mourning for
them, but that we suddenly pass over, and hold us in endless enjoyment.



?A Part of His Passion?

AFTER this Christ shewed a part of His Passion near His dying.

I saw His sweet face as it were dry and bloodless with pale dying. And
later, more pale, dead, languoring; and then turned more dead unto
blue; and then more brown-blue, as the flesh turned more deeply dead.
For His Passion shewed to me most specially in His blessed face (and
chiefly in His lips): there I saw these four colours, though it were
afore fresh, ruddy, and pleasing, to my sight. This was a pitiful
change to see, this deep dying. And also the [inward] moisture clotted
and dried, to my sight, and the sweet body was brown and black, all
turned out of fair, life-like colour of itself, unto dry dying. For
that same time that our Lord and blessed Saviour died upon the Rood, it
was a dry, hard wind, and wondrous cold, as to my sight, and what time
[all] the precious blood was bled out of the sweet body that might pass
therefrom, yet there dwelled a moisture in the sweet flesh of Christ,
as it was shewed.

Bloodlessness and pain dried within; and blowing of wind and cold
coming from without met together in the sweet body of Christ. And these
four,–twain without, and twain within–dried the flesh of Christ by
process of time. And though this pain was bitter and sharp, it was full
long lasting, as to my sight, and painfully dried up all the lively
spirits of Christ’s flesh. Thus I saw the sweet flesh dry in seeming by
part after part, with marvellous pains. And as long as any spirit had
life in Christ’s flesh, so long suffered He pain.

This long pining seemed to me as if He had been seven nights dead,
dying, at the point of outpassing away, suffering the last pain. And
when I said it seemed to me as if He had been seven night dead, it
meaneth that the sweet body was so discoloured, so dry, so shrunken, so
deathly, and so piteous, as if He had been seven night dead,
continually dying. And methought the drying of Christ’s flesh was the
most pain, and the last, of His Passion.


?How might any pain be more to me than to see Him that is all my life, and all
my bliss, and all my joy suffer??

AND in this dying was brought to my mind the words of Christ: I thirst.

For I saw in Christ a double thirst: one bodily; another spiritual, the
which I shall speak of in the Thirty-first Chapter.

For this word was shewed for the bodily thirst: the which I understood
was caused by failing of moisture. For the blessed flesh and bones was
left all alone without blood and moisture. The blessed body dried alone
long time with wringing of the nails and weight of the body. For I
understood that for tenderness of the sweet hands and of the sweet
feet, by the greatness, hardness, and grievousness of the nails the
wounds waxed wide and the body sagged, for weight by long time hanging.
And [therewith was] piercing and pressing of the head, and binding of
the Crown all baked with dry blood, with the sweet hair clinging, and
the dry flesh, to the thorns, and the thorns to the flesh drying; and
in the beginning while the flesh was fresh and bleeding, the continual
sitting of the thorns made the wounds wide. And furthermore I saw that
the sweet skin and the tender flesh, with the hair and the blood, was
all raised and loosed about from the bone, with the thorns wherethrough
it were rent in many pieces, as a cloth that were sagging, as if it
would hastily have fallen off, for heaviness and looseness, while it
had natural moisture. And that was great sorrow and dread to me: for
methought I would not for my life have seen it fall. How it was done I
saw not; but understood it was with the sharp thorns and the violent
and grievous setting on of the Garland of Thorns, unsparingly and
without pity. This continued awhile, and soon it began to change, and I
beheld and marvelled how it might be. And then I saw it was because it
began to dry, and stint a part of the weight, and set about the
Garland. And thus it encircled all about, as it were garland upon
garland. The Garland of the Thorns was dyed with the blood, and that
other garland [of Blood] and the head, all was one colour, as clotted
blood when it is dry. The skin of the flesh that shewed (of the face
and of the body), was small-rimpled [68] with a tanned colour, like a
dry board when it is aged; and the face more brown than the body.

I saw four manner of dryings: the first was bloodlessness; the second
was pain following after; the third, hanging up in the air, as men hang
a cloth to dry; the fourth, that the bodily Kind asked liquid and there
was no manner of comfort ministered to Him in all His woe and distress.
Ah! hard and grievous was his pain, but much more hard and grievous it
was when the moisture failed and began to dry thus, shrivelling.

These were the pains that shewed in the blessed head: the first wrought
to the dying, while it had moisture; and that other, slow, with
shrinking drying, [and] with blowing of the wind from without, that
dried and pained Him with cold more than mine heart can think.

And other pains–for which pains I saw that all is too little that I
can say: for it may not be told.

The which Shewing of Christ’s pains filled me full of pain. For I wist
well He suffered but once, but [this was as if] He would shew it me and
fill me with mind as I had afore desired. And in all this time of
Christ’s pains I felt no pain but for Christ’s pains. Then thought-me:
I knew but little what pain it was that I asked; and, as a wretch,
repented me, thinking: If I had wist what it had been, loth me had been
to have prayed it. For methought it passed bodily death, my pains.

I thought: Is any pain like this? And I was answered in my reason: Hell
is another pain: for there is despair. But of all pains that lead to
salvation this is the most pain, to see thy Love suffer. How might any
pain be more to me than to see Him that is all my life, all my bliss,
and all my joy, suffer? Here felt I soothfastly [69] that I loved
Christ so much above myself that there was no pain that might be
suffered like to that sorrow that I had to [see] Him in pain.

[68] or shrivelled.

[69] in sure verity


?When He was in pain, we were in pain?

HERE I saw a part of the compassion of our Lady, Saint Mary: for Christ
and she were so oned in love that the greatness of her loving was cause
of the greatness of her pain. For in this [Shewing] I saw a Substance
of Nature’s [70] Love, continued by Grace, that creatures have to Him:
which Kind Love was most fully shewed in His sweet Mother, and
overpassing; for so much as she loved Him more than all other, her
pains passed all other. For ever the higher, the mightier, the sweeter
that the love be, the more sorrow it is to the lover to see that body
in pain that is loved.

And all His disciples and all His true lovers suffered pains more than
their own bodily dying. For I am sure by mine own feeling that the
least of them loved Him so far above himself that it passeth all that I
can say.

Here saw I a great oneing betwixt Christ and us, to mine understanding:
for when He was in pain, we were in pain.

And all creatures that might suffer pain, suffered with Him: that is to
say, all creatures that God hath made to our service. The firmament,
the earth, failed for sorrow in their Nature in the time of Christ’s
dying. For it belongeth naturally to their property to know Him for
their God, in whom all their virtue standeth: when He failed, then
behoved it needs to them, because of kindness [between them], to fail
with Him, as much as they might, for sorrow of His pains.

And thus they that were His friends suffered pain for love. And,
generally, all: that is to say, they that knew Him not suffered for
failing of all manner of comfort save the mighty, privy keeping of God.
I speak of two manner of folk, as they may be understood by two
persons: the one was Pilate, the other was Saint Dionyse [71] of
France, which was [at] that time a Paynim. For when he saw wondrous and
marvellous sorrows and dreads that befell in that time, he said: Either
the world is now at an end, or He that is Maker of Kind suffereth.
Wherefore he did write on an altar: THIS IS THE ALTAR OF UNKNOWN GOD.
God that of His goodness maketh the planets and the elements to work of
Kind to the blessed man and the cursed, in that time made withdrawing
[72] of it from both; wherefore it was that they that knew Him not were
in sorrow that time.

Thus was our Lord Jesus made-naught for us; and all we stand in this
manner made-naught with Him, and shall do till we come to His bliss: as
I shall tell after.

[70] i.e. Natural.

[71] Dionysius, ”the Areopagite,” according to the legend of S. Denis.

[72] MS.. — ”it was withdrawen from bothe.”


?Thus was I learned to choose Jesus for my Heaven, whom I saw only in pain at
that time ?

IN this [time] I would have looked up from the Cross, but I durst not.
For I wist well that while I beheld in the Cross I was surely-safe;
therefore I would not assent to put my soul in peril: for away from the
Cross was no sureness, for frighting of fiends.

Then had I a proffer in my reason, [73] as if it had been friendly said
to me: Look up to Heaven to His Father. And then saw I well, with the
faith that I felt, that there was nothing betwixt the Cross and Heaven
that might have harmed me. Either me behoved to look up or else to
answer. I answered inwardly with all the might of my soul, and said:
Nay; I may not: for Thou art my Heaven. This I said for that I would
not. For I would liever have been in that pain till Doomsday than to
come to Heaven otherwise than by Him. For I wist well that He that
bound me so sore, He should unbind me when that He would. Thus was I
learned to choose Jesus to my Heaven, whom I saw only in pain at that
time: meliked no other Heaven than Jesus, which shall be my bliss when
I come there.

And this hath ever been a comfort to me, that I chose Jesus to my
Heaven, by His grace, in all this time of Passion and sorrow; and that
hath been a learning to me that I should evermore do so: choose only
Jesus to my Heaven in weal and woe.

And though I as a wretched creature had repented me (I said afore if I
had wist what pain it would be, I had been loth to have prayed), here
saw I truly that it was reluctance and frailty of the flesh without
assent of the soul: to which God assigneth no blame. Repenting and
willing choice be two contraries which I felt both in one at that time.
And these be [of our] two parts: the one outward, the other inward. The
outward part is our deadly flesh-hood, which is now in pain and woe,
and shall be, in this life: whereof I felt much in this time; and that
part it was that repented. The inward part is an high, blissful life,
which is all in peace and in love: and this was more inwardly felt; and
this part is [that] in which mightily, wisely and with steadfast will I
chose Jesus to my Heaven.

And in this I saw verily that the inward part is master and sovereign
to the outward, and doth not charge itself with, nor take heed to, the
will of that: but all the intent and will is set to be oned unto our
Lord Jesus. That the outward part should draw the inward to assent was
not shewed to me; but that the inward draweth the outward by grace, and
both shall be oned in bliss without end, by the virtue of Christ,–this
was shewed.

[73] see xxxv. and lv.


?For every man’s sin that shall be saved He suffered, and every man’s sorrow
and desolation He saw, and sorrowed for Kinship and Love?

AND thus I saw our Lord Jesus languoring long time. For the oneing with
the Godhead gave strength to the manhood for love to suffer more than
all men might suffer: I mean not only more pain than all men might
suffer, but also that He suffered more pain than all men of salvation
that ever were from the first beginning unto the last day might tell or
fully think, having regard to the worthiness of the highest worshipful
King and the shameful, despised, painful death. For He that is highest
and worthiest was most fully made-nought and most utterly despised.

For the highest point that may be seen in the Passion is to think and
know what He is that suffered. And in this [Shewing] He brought in part
to mind the height and nobleness of the glorious Godhead, and therewith
the preciousness and the tenderness of the blessed Body, which be
together united; and also the lothness that is in our Kind to suffer
pain. For as much as He was most tender and pure, right so He was most
strong and mighty to suffer.

And for every man’s sin that shall be saved He suffered: and every
man’s sorrow and desolation He saw, and sorrowed for Kindness and love.
(For in as much as our Lady sorrowed for His pains, in so much He
suffered sorrow for her sorrow;–and more, in as greatly as the sweet
manhood of Him was worthier in Kind.) For as long as He was passible He
suffered for us and sorrowed for us; and now He is uprisen and no more
passible, yet He suffereth with us.

And I, beholding all this by His grace, saw that the Love of Him was so
strong which He hath to our soul that willingly He chose it with great
desire, and mildly He suffered it with well-pleasing.

For the soul that beholdeth it thus, when it is touched by grace, it
shall verily see that the pains of Christ’s Passion pass all pains:
[all pains] that is to say, which shall be turned into everlasting,
o’erpassing joys by the virtue of Christ’s Passion.


?We be now with Him in His Pains and His Passion, dying. We shall be with Him
in Heaven. Through learning in this little pain that we suffer here, we shall
have an high endless knowledge of God which we could never have without that?

IT is God’s will, as to mine understanding, that we have Three [74]
Manners of Beholding His blessed Passion. The First is: the hard Pain
that He suffered,–[beholding it] with contrition and compassion. And
that shewed our Lord in this time, and gave me strength and grace to
see it.

And I looked for the departing with all my might, and thought to have
seen the body all dead; but I saw Him not so. And right in the same
time that methought, by the seeming, the life might no longer last and
the Shewing of the end behoved needs to be,–suddenly (I beholding in
the same Cross), He changed [the look of] His blessed Countenance. [75]
The changing of His blessed Countenance changed mine, and I was as glad
and merry as it was possible. Then brought our Lord merrily to my mind:
Where is now any point of the pain, or of thy grief? And I was full

I understood that we be now, in our Lord’s meaning, in His Cross with
Him in His pains and His Passion, dying; and we, willingly abiding in
the same Cross with His help and His grace unto the last point,
suddenly He shall change His Cheer to us, and we shall be with Him in
Heaven. Betwixt that one and that other shall be no time, and then
shall all be brought to joy. And thus said He in this Shewing: Where is
now any point of thy pain, or thy grief? And we shall be full blessed.

And here saw I verily that if He shewed now [to] us His Blissful Cheer,
there is no pain in earth or in other place that should aggrieve us;
but all things should be to us joy and bliss. But because He sheweth to
us time of His Passion, as He bare it in this life, and His Cross,
therefore we are in distress and travail, with Him, as our frailty
asketh. And the cause why He suffereth [it to be so,] is for [that] He
will of His goodness make us the higher with Him in His bliss; and for
this little pain that we suffer here, we shall have an high endless
knowing in God which we could [76] never have without that. And the
harder our pains have been with Him in His Cross, the more shall our
worship [77] be with Him in His Kingdom.

[74] xxii. and xxiii.

[75] His ”blisful chere,” or blessed Cheer; lxxii. and Note.

[76] ”might.”

[77] i.e. glory.



?The Love that made Him to suffer passeth so far all His Pains as Heaven is
above Earth?

THEN said our good Lord Jesus Christ: Art thou well pleased that I
suffered for thee? I said: Yea, good Lord, I thank Thee; Yea, good
Lord, blessed mayst Thou be. Then said Jesus, our kind Lord: If thou
art pleased, I am pleased: it is a joy, a bliss, an endless satisfying
to me that ever suffered I Passion for thee; and if I might suffer
more, I would suffer more.

In this feeling my understanding was lifted up into Heaven, and there I
saw three heavens: of which sight I marvelled greatly. And though I see
three heavens–and all in the blessed manhood of Christ–none is more,
none is less, none is higher, none is lower, but [they are] even-like
in bliss.

For the First Heaven, Christ shewed me His Father; in no bodily
likeness, but in His property and in His working. That is to say, I saw
in Christ that the Father is. The working of the Father is this, that
He giveth meed to His Son Jesus Christ. This gift and this meed is so
blissful to Jesus that His Father might have given Him no meed that
might have pleased Him better. The first heaven, that is the pleasing
of the Father, shewed to me as one heaven; and it was full blissful:
for He is full pleased with all the deeds that Jesus hath done about
our salvation. Wherefore we be not only His by His buying, but also by
the courteous gift of His Father we be His bliss, we be His meed, we be
His worship, we be His crown. (And this was a singular marvel and a
full delectable beholding, that we be His crown!) This that I say is so
great bliss to Jesus that He setteth at nought all His travail, and His
hard Passion, and His cruel and shameful death.

And in these words: If that I might suffer more, I would suffer
more,–I saw in truth that as often as He might die, so often He would,
and love should never let Him have rest till He had done it. And I
beheld with great diligence for to learn how often He would die if He
might. And verily the number passed mine understanding and my wits so
far that my reason might not, nor could, comprehend it. And when He had
thus oft died, or should, yet He would set it at nought, for love: for
all seemeth [78] Him but little in regard of His love.

For though the sweet manhood of Christ might suffer but once, the
goodness in Him may never cease of proffer: every day He is ready to
the same, if it might be. For if He said He would for my love make new
Heavens and new Earth, it were but little in comparison; [79] for this
might be done every day if He would, without any travail. But to die
for my love so often that the number passeth creature’s reason, it is
the highest proffer that our Lord God might make to man’s soul, as to
my sight. Then meaneth He thus: How should it not be that I should not
do for thy love all that I might of deeds which grieve me not, sith I
would, for thy love, die so often, having no regard [80] to my hard

And here saw I, for the Second [81] Beholding in this blessed Passion
the love that made Him to suffer passeth as far all His pains as Heaven
is above Earth. For the pains was a noble, worshipful deed done in a
time by the working of love: but [82] Love was without beginning, is,
and shall be without ending. For which love He said full sweetly these
words: If I might suffer more, I would suffer more. He said not, If it
were needful to suffer more: for though it were not needful, if He
might suffer more, He would.

This deed, and this work about our salvation, was ordained as well as
God might ordain it. And here I saw a Full Bliss in Christ: for His
bliss should not have been full, if it might any better have been done.

[78] ”ffor al thynketh him but litil in reward of His love” [in
comparison with].

[79] MS. ”Reward.”

[80] MS. ”Reward.”

[81] See xxi., xxiii.

[82] MS. ”and,” probably here, as in other places, with something of
the force of ”but.”


?The Glad Giver?

?All the Trinity wrought in the Passion of Jesus Christ?

AND in these three words: It is a Joy, a bliss, an endless satisfying
to me, were shewed three heavens, as thus: For the joy, I understood
the pleasure of the Father; and for the bliss, the worship of the Son;
and for the endless satisfying, [83] the Holy Ghost. The Father is
pleased, the Son is worshipped, the Holy Ghost is satisfied. [84]

And here saw I, for the Third Beholding in His blissful Passion: that
is to say, the Joy and the Bliss that make Him to be well-satisfied in
it. For our Courteous Lord shewed His Passion to me in five manners: of
which the first is the bleeding of the head; the second is,
discolouring of His face; the third is, the plenteous bleeding of the
body, in seeming [as] from the scourging; the fourth is, the deep
dying:–these four are aforetold for the pains of the Passion. And the
fifth is [this] that was shewed for the joy and the bliss of the

For it is God’s will that we have true enjoying with Him in our
salvation, and therein He willeth [that] we be mightily comforted and
strengthened; and thus willeth He that merrily with His grace our soul
be occupied. For we are His bliss: for in us He enjoyeth without end;
and so shall we in Him, with His grace.

And all that He hath done for us, and doeth, and ever shall, was never
cost nor charge to Him, nor might be, but only that [which] He did in
our manhood, beginning at the sweet Incarnation and lasting to the
Blessed Uprise on Easter-morrow: [85] so long dured the cost and the
charge about our redemption in deed: of [the] which deed He enjoyeth
endlessly, as it is aforesaid.

Jesus willeth that we take heed to the bliss that is in the blessed
Trinity [because] of our salvation and that we desire to have as much
spiritual enjoying, with His grace, (as it is aforesaid): that is to
say, that the enjoying of our salvation be [as] like to the joy that
Christ hath of our salvation as it may be while we are here.

All the Trinity wrought in the Passion of Christ, ministering abundance
of virtues and plenty of grace to us by Him: but only the Maiden’s Son
suffered: whereof all the blessed Trinity endlessly enjoyeth. All this
was shewed in these words: Art thou well pleased?–and by that other
word that Christ said: If thou art pleased, then am I pleased;–as if
He said: It is joy and satisfying enough to me, and I ask nought else
of thee for my travail but that I might well please thee.

And in this He brought to mind the property of a glad giver. A glad
giver taketh but little heed of the thing that he giveth, but all his
desire and all his intent is to please him and solace him to whom he
giveth it. And if the receiver take the gift highly and thankfully,
then the courteous giver setteth at nought all his cost and all his
travail, for joy and delight that he hath pleased and solaced him that
he loveth. Plenteously and fully was this shewed.

Think also wisely of the greatness of this word ?ever.? For in it was
shewed an high knowing of lo [86] ve that He hath in our salvation,
with manifold joys that follow of the Passion of Christ. One is that He
rejoiceth that He hath done it in deed, and He shall no more suffer;
another, that He bought us from endless pains of hell.

[83] ”lykyng”; ”lykith.”

[84] ”lykyng”; ”lykith.”

[85] ”Esterne morrow” = Easter morning.

[86] Experience of loving (?).



?Our Lord looked unto His [wounded] Side, and beheld, rejoicing. . . .

Lo! how I loved thee

THEN with a glad cheer our Lord looked unto His Side and beheld,
rejoicing. With His sweet looking He led forth the understanding of His
creature by the same wound into His Side within. And then he shewed a
fair, delectable place, and large enough for all mankind that shall be
saved to rest in peace and in love. [87] And therewith He brought to
mind His dearworthy blood and precious water which he let pour all out
for love. And with the sweet beholding He shewed His blessed heart even
cloven in two.

And with this sweet enjoying, He shewed unto mine understanding, in
part, the blessed Godhead, stirring then the poor soul [88] to
understand, as it may be said, that is, to think on, [89] the endless
Love that was without beginning, and is, and shall be ever. And with
this our good Lord said full blissfully: Lo, how that I loved thee, as
if He had said: My darling, behold and see thy Lord, thy God that is
thy Maker and thine endless joy, see what satisfying and bliss I have
in thy salvation; and for my love rejoice [thou] with me.

And also, for more understanding, this blessed word was said: Lo, how I
loved thee! Behold and see that I loved thee so much ere I died for
thee that I would die for thee; and now I have died for thee and
suffered willingly that which I may. And now is all my bitter pain and
all my hard travail turned to endless joy and bliss to me and to thee.
How should it now be that thou shouldst anything pray that pleaseth me
but that I should full gladly grant it thee? For my pleasing is thy
holiness and thine endless joy and bliss with me.

This is the understanding, simply as I can say it, of this blessed
word: Lo, how I loved thee. This shewed our good Lord for to make us
glad and merry.

[87] See note on the passage in lv., ”long and broad, all full of
endless heavens”; ”He hath, beclosed in Him, all heavens and all joy
and bliss.”

[88] See xiii., ”the simplicity of the soul.”

[89] MS. ”that is to mene the endles love.”



?I wot well that thou wouldst see my blessed Mother. . . .?

?Wilt thou see in her how thou art loved??

AND with this same cheer of mirth and joy our good Lord looked down on
the right side and brought to my mind where our Lady stood in the time
of His Passion; and said: Wilt thou see her? And in this sweet word [it
was] as if He had said: I wot well that thou wouldst see my blessed
Mother: for, after myself, she is the highest joy that I might shew
thee, and most pleasance and worship to me; and most she is desired to
be seen of my blessed creatures. And for the high, marvellous, singular
love that He hath to this sweet Maiden, His blessed Mother, our Lady
Saint Mary, He shewed her highly rejoicing, as by the meaning of these
sweet words; as if He said: Wilt thou see how I love her, that thou
mightest joy with me in the love that I have in her and she in me?

And also (unto more understanding this sweet word) our Lord speaketh to
all mankind that shall be saved, as it were all to one person, as if He
said: Wilt thou see in her how thou art loved? For thy love I made her
so high, so noble and so worthy; and this pleaseth me, and so will I
that it doeth thee.

For after Himself she is the most blissful sight.

But hereof am I not learned to long to see her bodily presence while I
am here, but the virtues of her blessed soul: her truth, her wisdom,
her charity; whereby I may learn to know myself and reverently dread my
God. And when our good Lord had shewed this and said this word: Wilt
thou see her? I answered and said: Yea, good Lord, I thank Thee; yea,
good Lord, if it be Thy will. Oftentimes I prayed this, and I weened to
have seen her in bodily presence, but I saw her not so. And Jesus in
that word shewed me ghostly sight of her: right as I had seen her afore
little and simple, so He shewed her then high and noble and glorious,
and pleasing to Him above all creatures.

And He willeth that it be known; that [so] all those that please them
in Him should please them in her, and in the pleasance that He hath in
her and she in Him. [90] And, to more understanding, He shewed this
example: As if a man love a creature singularly, above all creatures,
he willeth to make all creatures to love and to have pleasance in that
creature that he loveth so greatly. And in this word that Jesus said:
Wilt thou see her? methought it was the most pleasing word that He
might have given me of her, with that ghostly Shewing that He gave me
of her. For our Lord shewed me nothing in special but our Lady Saint
Mary; and her He shewed three times. [91] The first was as she was with
Child; the second was as she was in her sorrows under the Cross; the
third is as she is now in pleasing, worship, and joy.

[90] ”And he wil that it be knowen that al those that lyke in him
should lyken in hir and in the lykyng that he hath in hir and she in

[91] See (1) iv. (referred to in vii.); (2) xviii.



?It is I, it is I?

AND after this our Lord shewed Himself more glorified, as to my sight,
than I saw Him before [in the Shewing] wherein I was learned that our
soul shall never have rest till it cometh to Him, knowing that He is
fulness of joy, homely and courteous, blissful and very life.

Our Lord Jesus oftentimes said: I it am, I it am: I it am that is
highest, I it am that thou lovest, I it am that thou enjoyest, I it am
that thou servest, I it am that thou longest for, I it am that thou
desirest, I it am that thou meanest, I it am that is all. I it am that
Holy Church preacheth and teacheth thee, I it am that shewed me here to
thee. The number of the words passeth my wit and all my understanding
and all my powers. And they are the highest, as to my sight: for
therein is comprehended–I cannot tell,–but the joy that I saw in the
Shewing of them passeth all that heart may wish for and soul may
desire. Therefore the words be not declared here; but every man after
the grace that God giveth him in understanding and loving, receive them
in our Lord’s meaning.



?Often I wondered why by the great foreseeing wisdom of God the beginning of
sin was not hindered: for then, methought, all should have been well.? ?Sin is
behovable–[playeth a needful part]–; but all shall be well?

AFTER this the Lord brought to my mind the longing that I had to Him
afore. And I saw that nothing letted me but sin. And so I looked,
generally, upon us all, and methought: If sin had not been, we should
all have been clean and like to our Lord, as He made us.

And thus, in my folly, afore this time often I wondered why by the
great foreseeing wisdom of God the beginning of sin was not letted: for
then, methought, all should have been well. This stirring [of mind] was
much to be forsaken, but nevertheless mourning and sorrow I made
therefor, without reason and discretion.

But Jesus, who in this Vision informed me of all that is needful to me,
answered by this word and said: It behoved that there should be sin;
[92] but all shall be well, and all shall be well, and all manner of
thing shall be well.

In this naked word sin, our Lord brought to my mind, generally, all
that is not good, and the shameful despite and the utter noughting [93]
that He bare for us in this life, and His dying; and all the pains and
passions of all His creatures, ghostly and bodily; (for we be all
partly noughted, and we shall be noughted following our Master, Jesus,
till we be full purged, that is to say, till we be fully noughted of
our deadly flesh and of all our inward affections which are not very
good;) and the beholding of this, with all pains that ever were or ever
shall be,–and with all these I understand the Passion of Christ for
most pain, and overpassing. All this was shewed in a touch and quickly
passed over into comfort: for our good Lord would not that the soul
were affeared of this terrible sight.

But I saw not sin: for I believe it hath no manner of substance nor no
part of being, nor could it be known but by the pain it is cause of.

And thus [94] pain, it is something, as to my sight, for a time; for it
purgeth, and maketh us to know ourselves and to ask mercy. For the
Passion of our Lord is comfort to us against all this, and so is His
blessed will.

And for the tender love that our good Lord hath to all that shall be
saved, He comforteth readily and sweetly, signifying thus: It is sooth
[95] that sin is cause of all this pain; but all shall be well, and all
shall be well, and all manner [of] thing shall be well.

These words were said full tenderly, showing no manner of blame to me
nor to any that shall be saved. Then were it a great unkindness [96] to
blame or wonder on God for my sin, since He blameth not me for sin.

And in these words I saw a marvellous high mystery hid in God, which
mystery He shall openly make known to us in Heaven: in which knowing we
shall verily see the cause why He suffered sin to come. In which sight
we shall endlessly joy in our Lord God. [97]

[92] ”Synne is behovabil, but al shal be wel and al shal be wel and all
manner of thyng shal be wele.”

[93] Being made as nothing, set at nought.

[94] S. de Cressy has ”this” instead of thus.

[95] i.e. truth, an actual reality. See lxxxii.

[96] As it were, an unreasonable contravention of natural, filial

[97] See also chap. lxi. From the Enchiridion of Saint Augustine: —
”All things that exist, therefore, seeing that the Creator of them all
is supremely good, are themselves good. But because they are not like
their Creator, supremely and unchangeably good, their good may be
diminished and increased. But for good to be diminished is an evil,
although, however much it may be diminished, it is necessary, if the
being is to continue, that some good should remain to constitute the
being. For however small or of whatever kind the being may be, the good
which makes it a being cannot be destroyed without destroying the being
itself…. So long as a being is in process of corruption, there is in
it some good of which it is being deprived; and if a part of the being
should remain which cannot be corrupted, this will certainly be an
incorruptible being, and accordingly the process of corruption will
result in the manifestation of this great good. But if it do not cease
to be corrupted, neither can it cease to possess good of which
corruption may deprive it. But if it should be thoroughly and
completely consumed by corruption, there will then be no good left,
because there will be no being. Wherefore corruption can consume the
good only by consuming the being. Every being, therefore, is a good; a
great good, if it cannot be corrupted; a little good, if it can: but in
any case, only the foolish or ignorant will deny that it is a good. And
if it be wholly consumed by corruption, then the corruption itself must
cease to exist, as there is no being left in which it can dwell.” Chap
x. ”By the Trinity, thus supremely and equally and unchangeably good,
all things were created; and these are not supremely and equally and
unchangeably good, but yet they are good, even taken separately. Taken
as a whole, however, they are very good, because their ensemble
constitutes the universe in all its wonderful order and beauty ” — The
Works of Aurelius Augustine, Bishop of Hippo, (Edited by the Rev.
Marcus Dods, D.D.), vol. ix.


?Each brotherly compassion that man hath on his fellow Christians, with
charity, it is Christ in him?

THUS I saw how Christ hath compassion on us for the cause of sin. And
right as I was afore in the [Shewing of the] Passion of Christ
fulfilled with pain and compassion, like so in this [sight] I was
fulfilled, in part, with compassion of all mine even-Christians–for
that well, well beloved people that shall be saved. For God’s servants,
Holy Church, shall be shaken in sorrow and anguish, tribulation in this
world, as men shake a cloth in the wind.

And as to this our Lord answered in this manner: A great thing shall I
make hereof in Heaven of endless worship and everlasting joys.

Yea, so far forth I saw, that our Lord joyeth of the tribulations of
His servants, with ruth and compassion. On each person that He loveth,
to His bliss for to bring [them], He layeth something that is no blame
in His sight, whereby they are blamed and despised in this world,
scorned, mocked, [98] and outcasted. And this He doeth for to hinder
the harm that they should take from the pomp and the vain-glory of this
wretched life, and make their way ready to come to Heaven, and up-raise
them in His bliss everlasting. For He saith: I shall wholly break you
of your vain affections and your vicious pride; and after that I shall
together gather you, and make you mild and meek, clean and holy, by
oneing to me.

And then I saw that each kind compassion that man hath on his
even-Christians with charity, it is Christ in him.

That same noughting that was shewed in His Passion, it was shewed again
here in this Compassion. Wherein were two manner of understandings in
our Lord’s meaning. The one was the bliss that we are brought to,
wherein He willeth that we rejoice. The other is for comfort in our
pain: for He willeth that we perceive that it shall all be turned to
worship and profit by virtue of His passion, that we perceive that we
suffer not alone but with Him, and see Him to be our Ground, and that
we see His pains and His noughting passeth so far all that we may
suffer, that it may not be fully thought.

The beholding of this will save us from murmuring [99] and despair in
the feeling of our pains. And if we see soothly that our sin deserveth
it, yet His love excuseth us, and of His great courtesy He doeth away
all our blame, and beholdeth us with ruth and pity as children innocent
and unloathful.

[98] ”Something that is no lak in his syte, whereby thei are lakid and
dispisyd in thys world, scornyd” (a word like ”rapyd” — probably
”mokyd,” as in S. de C.) ”and outcasten.”

[99] ”gruching.”


?How could all be well, for the great harm that is come by sin to the

BUT in this I stood beholding things general, troublously and mourning,
saying thus to our Lord in my meaning, with full great dread: Ah! good
Lord, how might all be well, for the great hurt that is come, by sin,
to the creature? And here I desired, as far as I durst, to have some
more open declaring wherewith I might be eased in this matter.

And to this our blessed Lord answered full meekly and with full lovely
cheer, and shewed that Adam’s sin was the most harm that ever was done,
or ever shall be, to the world’s end; and also He shewed that this
[sin] is openly known in all Holy Church on earth. Furthermore He
taught that I should behold the glorious Satisfaction [100] : for this
Amends-making is more pleasing to God and more worshipful, without
comparison, than ever was the sin of Adam harmful. Then signifieth our
blessed Lord thus in this teaching, that we should take heed to this:
For since I have made well the most harm, then it is my will that thou
know thereby that I shall make well all that is less.

[100] ”asyeth”; ”asyeth making”= asseth., Satisfying, Fulfilment. See
p. 2.


?Two parts of Truth: the part that is open: our Saviour and our
salvation;–and the part that is hid and shut up from us: all beside our

HE gave me understanding of two parts [of truth]. The one part is our
Saviour and our salvation. This blessed part is open and clear and fair
and light, and plenteous,–for all mankind that is of good will, and
shall be, is comprehended in this part. Hereto are we bounden of God,
and drawn and counselled and taught inwardly by the Holy Ghost and
outwardly by Holy Church in the same grace. In this willeth our Lord
that we be occupied, joying in Him; for He enjoyeth in us. The more
plenteously that we take of this, with reverence and meekness, the more
thanks we earn of Him and the more speed [101] to ourselves, thus–may
we say–enjoying our part of our Lord. The other [part] is hid and shut
up from us: that is to say, all that is beside our salvation. For it is
our Lord’s privy counsel, and it belongeth to the royal lordship of God
to have His privy counsel in peace, and it belongeth to His servant,
for obedience and reverence, not to learn [102] wholly His counsel. Our
Lord hath pity and compassion on us for that some creatures make
themselves so busy therein; and I am sure if we knew how much we should
please Him and ease ourselves by leaving it, we would. The saints that
be in Heaven, they will to know nothing but that which our Lord willeth
to shew them: and also their charity and their desire is ruled after
the will of our Lord: and thus ought we to will, like to them. Then
shall we nothing will nor desire but the will of our Lord, as they do:
for we are all one in God’s seeing.

And here was I learned that we shall trust and rejoice only in our
Saviour, blessed Jesus, for all thing.

[101] i.e. profit.

[102] ”It longyth to the royal Lordship of God to have his privy
councell in pece, and it longyth to his servant for obedience and
reverens not to wel wetyn his counselye.”


?The Spiritual Thirst (which was in Him from without beginning) is desire in
Him as long as we be in need, drawing us up to His Bliss?

AND thus our good Lord answered to all the questions and doubts that I
might make, saying full comfortably: I may make all thing well, I can
make all thing well, I will make all thing well, and I shall make all
thing well; and thou shalt see thyself that all manner of thing shall
be well.

In that He saith, I may, I understand [it] for the Father; and in that
He saith, I can, I understand [it] for the Son; and where He saith, I
will, I understand [it] for the Holy Ghost; and where He saith, I
shall, I understand [it] for the unity of the blessed Trinity: three
Persons and one Truth; and where He saith, Thou shalt see thyself, I
understand the oneing of all mankind that shall be saved unto the
blessed Trinity. And in these five words God willeth we be enclosed in
rest and in peace.

Thus shall the Spiritual Thirst of Christ have an end. For this is the
Spiritual Thirst of Christ: the love-longing that lasteth, and ever
shall, till we see that sight on Doomsday. For we that shall be saved
and shall be Christ’s joy and His bliss, some be yet here and some be
to come, and so shall some be, unto that day. Therefore this is His
thirst and love-longing, to have us altogether whole in Him, to His
bliss,–as to my sight. For we be not now as fully whole in Him as we
shall be then.

For we know in our Faith, and also it was shewed in all [the
Revelations] that Christ Jesus is both God and man. And anent the
Godhead, He is Himself highest bliss, and was, from without beginning,
and shall be, without end: which endless bliss may never be heightened
nor lowered in itself. For this was plenteously seen in every Shewing,
and specially in the Twelfth, where He saith: I am that [which] is
highest. And anent Christ’s Manhood, it is known in our Faith, and also
[it was] shewed, that He, with the virtue of Godhead, for love, to
bring us to His bliss suffered pains and passions, and died. And these
be the works of Christ’s Manhood wherein He rejoiceth; and that shewed
He in the Ninth Revelation, where He saith: It is a joy and bliss and
endless pleasing to me that ever I suffered Passion for thee. And this
is the bliss of Christ’s works, and thus he signifieth where He saith
in that same Shewing: we be His bliss, we be His meed, we be His
worship, we be His crown.

For anent that Christ is our Head, He is glorified and impassible; and
anent His Body in which all His members are knit, He is not yet fully
glorified nor all impassible. Therefore the same desire and thirst that
He had upon the Cross (which desire, longing, and thirst, as to my
sight, was in Him from without beginning) the same hath He yet, and
shall [have] unto the time that the last soul that shall be saved is
come up to His bliss.

For as verily as there is a property in God of ruth and pity, so verily
there is a property in God of thirst and longing. (And of the virtue of
this longing in Christ, we have to long again to Him: without which no
soul cometh to Heaven.) And this property of longing and thirst cometh
of the endless Goodness of God, even as the property of pity cometh of
His endless Goodness. And though longing and pity are two sundry
properties, as to my sight, in this standeth the point of the Spiritual
Thirst: which is desire in Him as long as we be in need, drawing us up
to His bliss. And all this was seen in the Shewing of Compassion: for
that shall cease on Doomsday.

Thus He hath ruth and compassion on us, and He hath longing to have us;
but His wisdom and His love suffereth not the end to come till the best


?There be deeds evil done in our sight, and so great harms taken, that it
seemeth to us that it were impossible that ever it should come to good end.?
?That Great Deed ordained . . . by which our Lord God shall make all things

ONE time our good Lord said: All thing shall be well; and another time
he said: Thou shalt see thyself that all MANNER [of] thing shall be
well; and in these two [sayings] the soul took sundry understandings.

One was that He willeth we know that not only He taketh heed to noble
things and to great, but also to little and to small, to low and to
simple, to one and to other. And so meaneth He in that He saith: ALL
MANNER OF THINGS shall be well. For He willeth we know that the least
thing shall not be forgotten.

Another understanding is this, that there be deeds evil done in our
sight, and so great harms taken, that it seemeth to us that it were
impossible that ever it should come to good end. And upon this we look,
sorrowing and mourning therefor, so that we cannot resign us unto the
blissful beholding of God as we should do. And the cause of this is
that the use of our reason is now so blind, so low, and so simple, that
we cannot know that high marvellous Wisdom, the Might and the Goodness
of the blissful Trinity. And thus signifieth He when He saith: THOU
SHALT SEE THYSELF if [103] all manner of things shall be well. As if He
said: Take now heed faithfully and trustingly, and at the last end thou
shalt verily see it in fulness of joy.

And thus in these same five words aforesaid: I may make all things
well, etc., I understand a mighty comfort of all the works of our Lord
God that are yet to come. There is a Deed the which the blessed Trinity
shall do in the last Day, as to my sight, and when the Deed shall be,
and how it shall be done, is unknown of all creatures that are beneath
Christ, and shall be till when it is done.

[? [104] The Goodness and the Love of our Lord God? will that we wit
[know] that it shall be; And the ?Might and the Wisdom of him by the
same Love will? hill [conceal] it, and hide it from us what it shall
be, ?and how it shall be done.?]

And the cause why He willeth that we know [this Deed shall be], is for
that He would have us the more eased in our soul and [the more] set at
peace in love [105] –leaving the beholding of all troublous things
that might keep us back from true enjoying of Him. This is that Great
Deed ordained of our Lord God from without beginning, treasured and hid
in His blessed breast, only known to Himself: by which He shall make
all things well.

For like as the blissful Trinity made all things of nought, right so
the same blessed Trinity shall make well all that is not well.

And in this sight I marvelled greatly and beheld our Faith, marvelling
thus: Our Faith is grounded in God’s word, and it belongeth to our
Faith that we believe that God’s word shall be saved in all things; and
one point of our Faith is that many creatures shall be condemned: as
angels that fell out of Heaven for pride, which be now fiends; and man
[106] in earth that dieth out of the Faith of Holy Church: that is to
say, they that be heathen men; and also man [107] that hath received
christendom and liveth unchristian life and so dieth out of charity:
all these shall be condemned to hell without end, as Holy Church
teacheth me to believe. And all this [so] standing, [108] methought it
was impossible that all manner of things should be well, as our Lord
shewed in the same time.

And as to this I had no other answer in Shewing of our Lord God but
this: That which is impossible to thee is not impossible to me: I shall
save my word in all things and I shall make all things well. Thus I was
taught, by the grace of God, that I should steadfastly hold me in the
Faith as I had aforehand understood, [and] therewith that I should
firmly believe that all things shall be well, as our Lord shewed in the
same time.

For this is the Great Deed that our Lord shall do, in which Deed He
shall save His word and He shall make all well that is not well. How it
shall be done there is no creature beneath Christ that knoweth it, nor
shall know it till it is done; according to the understanding that I
took of our Lord’s meaning in this time.

[103] ”if”=” that.” (Acts xxvi. 8.)

[104] Inserted from Serenus de Cressy’s version.

[105] ”pecid in love — levyng the beholdyng of al tempests that might
letten us of trew enjoyeng in hym.” S. de C.: ”let us of true enjoying
in him.”

[106] S. de C., ”many.”

[107] S. de C., ”many.”

[108] ”stondyng al this.”


?It is God’s will that we have great regard to all His deeds that He hath
done, but evermore it needeth us to leave the beholding what the Deed shall

AND yet in this I desired, as [far] as I durst, that I might have full
sight of Hell and Purgatory. But it was not my meaning to make proof of
anything that belongeth to the Faith: for I believed soothfastly that
Hell and Purgatory is for the same end that Holy Church teacheth, but
my meaning was that I might have seen, for learning in all things that
belong to my Faith: whereby I might live the more to God’s worship and
to my profit.

But for [all] my desire, I could [109] [see] of this right nought, save
as it is aforesaid in the First Shewing, where I saw that the devil is
reproved of God and endlessly condemned. In which sight I understood as
to all creatures that are of the devil’s condition in this life, and
therein end, that there is no more mention made of them afore God and
all His Holy than of the devil,–notwithstanding that they be of
mankind–whether they be christened or not.

For though the Revelation was made of goodness in which was made little
mention of evil, yet I was not drawn thereby from any point of the
Faith that Holy Church teacheth me to believe. For I had sight of the
Passion of Christ in diverse Shewings,–the First, the Second, the
Fifth, and the Eighth,–wherein I had in part a feeling of the sorrow
of our Lady, and of His true friends that saw Him in pain; but I saw
not so properly specified the Jews that did Him to death.
Notwithstanding I knew in my Faith that they were accursed and
condemned without end, saving those that converted, by grace. And I was
strengthened and taught generally to keep me in the Faith in every
point, and in all as I had before understood: hoping that I was therein
with the mercy and the grace of God; desiring and praying in my purpose
that I might continue therein unto my life’s end.

And it is God’s will that we have great regard to all His deeds that He
hath done, but evermore it needeth us to leave the beholding what the
Deed shall be. And let us desire to be like our brethren which be
saints in Heaven, that will right nought but God’s will and are well
pleased both with hiding and with shewing. For I saw soothly in our
Lord’s teaching, the more we busy us to know His secret counsels in
this or any other thing, the farther shall we be from the knowing

[109] ”I coude of this right nowte.”


?All that is speedful for us to learn and to know, full courteously will our
Lord shew us?

OUR Lord God shewed two manner of secret things. One is this great
Secret [Counsel] with all the privy points that belong thereto: and
these secret things He willeth we should know [as being, but as] hid
until the time that He will clearly shew them to us. The other are the
secret things that He willeth to make open and known to us; for He
would have us understand that it is His will that we should know them.
They are secrets to us not only for that He willeth that they be
secrets to us, but they are secrets to us for our blindness and our
ignorance; and thereof He hath great ruth, and therefore He will
Himself make them more open to us, whereby we may know Him and love Him
and cleave to Him. For all that is speedful for us to learn and to
know, full courteously will our Lord shew us: and [of] that is this
[Shewing], with all the preaching and teaching of Holy Church.

God shewed full great pleasance that He hath in all men and women that
mightily and meekly and with all their will take the preaching and
teaching of Holy Church. For it is His Holy Church: He is the Ground,
He is the Substance, He is the Teaching, He is the Teacher, He is the
End, He is the Meed for which every kind soul travaileth.

And this [of the Shewing] is [made] known, and shall be known to every
soul to which the Holy Ghost declareth it. And I hope truly that all
those that seek this, He shall speed: for they seek God.

All this that I have now told, and more that I shall tell after, is
comforting against sin. For in the Third Shewing when I saw that God
doeth all that is done, I saw no sin: and then I saw that all is well.
But when God shewed me for sin, then said He: All SHALL be well.


?I desired to learn assuredly as to a certain creature that I loved. . . . It
is more worship to God to behold Him in


AND when God Almighty had shewed so plenteously and joyfully of His
Goodness, I desired to learn assuredly as to a certain creature that I
loved, if it should continue in good living, which I hoped by the grace
of God was begun. And in this desire for a singular Shewing, it seemed
that I hindered myself: for I was not taught in this time. And then was
I answered in my reason, as it were by a friendly intervenor [110] :
Take it GENERALLY, and behold the graciousness of the Lord God as He
sheweth to thee: for it is more worship to God to behold Him in all
than in any special thing. And therewith I learned that it is more
worship to God to know all-thing in general, than to take pleasure in
any special thing. And if I should do wisely according to this
teaching, I should not only be glad for nothing in special, but I
should not be greatly distressed for no manner of thing [111] : for ALL
shall be well. For the fulness of joy is to behold God in all: for by
the same blessed Might, Wisdom, and Love, that He made all-thing, to
the same end our good Lord leadeth it continually, and thereto Himself
shall bring it; and when it is time we shall see it. And the ground of
this was shewed in the First [Revelation], and more openly in the
Third, where it saith: I saw God in a point.

All that our Lord doeth is rightful, and that which He suffereth [112]
is worshipful: and in these two is comprehended good and ill: for all
that is good our Lord doeth, and that which is evil our Lord suffereth.
I say not that any evil is worshipful, but I say the sufferance of our
Lord God is worshipful: whereby His Goodness shall be known, without
end, in His marvellous meekness and mildness, by the working of mercy
and grace.

Rightfulness is that thing that is so good that [it] may not be better
than it is. For God Himself is very Rightfulness, and all His works are
done rightfully as they are ordained from without beginning by His high
Might, His high Wisdom, His high Goodness. And right as He ordained
unto the best, right so He worketh continually, and leadeth it to the
same end; and He is ever full-pleased with Himself and with all His

And the beholding of this blissful accord is full sweet to the soul
that seeth by grace. All the souls that shall be saved in Heaven
without end be made rightful in the sight of God, and by His own
goodness: in which rightfulness we are endlessly kept, and
marvellously, above all creatures.

And Mercy is a working that cometh of the goodness of God, and it shall
last in working all along, as sin is suffered to pursue rightful souls.
And when sin hath no longer leave to pursue, then shall the working of
mercy cease, and then shall all be brought to rightfulness and therein
stand without end.

And by His sufferance we fall; and in His blissful Love with His Might
and His Wisdom we are kept; and by mercy and grace we are raised to
manifold more joys.

Thus in Rightfulness and Mercy He willeth to be known and loved, now
and without end. And the soul that wisely beholdeth it in grace, it is
well pleased with both, and endlessly enjoyeth.

[110] ”A friendful mene” =intermediary (person or thing), medium:
compare chaps. xix., lv.

[111] See xxxvi. 74.

[112] i.e. alloweth.


?My sin shall not hinder His Goodness working. . . . A deed shall be done–as
we come to Heaven–and it may be known here in part;–though it be truly taken
for the general Man, yet it excludeth not the special. For what our good Lord
will do by His poor creatures, it is now unknown to me?

OUR Lord God shewed that a deed shall be done, and Himself shall do it,
and I shall do nothing but sin, and my sin shall not hinder [113] His
Goodness working.

And I saw that the beholding of this is a heavenly joy in a fearing
soul which evermore kindly by grace desireth God’s will. This deed
shall be begun here, and it shall be worshipful to God and plenteously
profitable to His lovers in earth; and ever as we come to Heaven we
shall see it in marvellous joy, and it shall last thus in working unto
the last Day; and the worship and the bliss of it shall last in Heaven
afore God and all His Holy [ones] for ever.

Thus was this deed seen and understood in our Lord’s signifying: and
the cause why He shewed it is to make us rejoice in Him and in all His
works. When I saw His Shewing continued, I understood that it was
shewed for a great thing that was for to come, which thing God shewed
that He Himself should do it: which deed hath these properties
aforesaid. And this shewed He well blissfully, signifying that I should
take it myself faithfully and trustingly.

But what this deed should be was kept secret from me.

And in this I saw that He willeth not that we dread to know the things
that He sheweth: He sheweth them because He would have us know them; by
which knowing He would have us love Him and have pleasure and endlessly
enjoy in Him. For the great love that He hath to us He sheweth us all
that is worshipful and profitable for the time. And the things that He
will now have privy, yet of His great goodness He sheweth them close:
in which shewing He willeth that we believe and understand that we
shall see the same verily in His endless bliss. Then ought we to
rejoice in Him for all that He sheweth and all that He hideth; and if
we steadily [114] and meekly do thus, we shall find therein great ease;
and endless thanks we shall have of Him therefor.

And this is the understanding of this word:–That it shall be done for
me, meaneth that it shall be done for the general Man: that is to say,
all that shall be saved. It shall be worshipful and marvellous and
plenteous, and God Himself shall do it; and this shall be the highest
joy that may be, to behold the deed that God Himself shall do, and man
shall do right nought but sin. Then signifieth our Lord God thus, as if
He said: Behold and see! Here hast thou matter of meekness, here hast
thou matter of love, here hast thou matter to make nought of [115]
thyself, here hast thou matter to enjoy in me;–and, for my love, enjoy
[thou] in me: for of all things, therewith mightest thou please me

And as long as we are in this life, what time that we by our folly turn
us to the beholding of the reproved, tenderly our Lord God toucheth us
and blissfully calleth us, saying in our soul: Let be all thy love, my
dearworthy child: turn thee to me–I am enough to thee–and enjoy in
thy Saviour and in thy salvation. And that this is our Lord’s working
in us, I am sure the soul that hath understanding [116] therein by
grace shall see it and feel it.

And though it be so that this deed be truly taken for the general Man,
yet it excludeth not the special. For what our good Lord will do by His
poor creatures, it is now unknown to me.

But this deed and that other aforesaid, they are not both one but two
sundry. This deed shall be done sooner (and that [time] shall be as we
come to Heaven), and to whom our Lord giveth it, it may be known here
in part. But that Great Deed aforesaid shall neither be known in Heaven
nor earth till it is done.

And moreover He gave special understanding and teaching of working of
miracles, as thus:–It is known that I have done miracles here afore,
many and diverse, high and marvellous, worshipful and great. And so as
I have done, I do now continually, and shall do in coming of time.

It is known that afore miracles come sorrow and anguish and tribulation
[117] ; and that is for that we should know our own feebleness and our
mischiefs that we are fallen in by sin, to meeken us and make us to
dread God and cry for help and grace. Miracles come after that, and
they come of the high Might, Wisdom, and Goodness of God, shewing His
virtue and the joys of Heaven so far at it may be in this passing life:
and that to strengthen our faith and to increase our hope, in charity.
Wherefore it pleaseth Him to be known and worshipped in miracles. Then
signifieth He thus: He willeth that we be not borne over low for sorrow
and tempests that fall to us: for it hath ever so been afore

[113] ”lettyn his goodnes werkyng.”

[114] ”wilfuly.”

[115] ”to nowten.”

[116] ”is a perceyvid” (S. de Cressy, ”pearced”; Collins, ”pierced”;) =
has perception.

[117] See v., xlviii., lix., lxi.


?In every soul that shall be saved is a Godly Will that never assented to sin,
nor ever shall.?–?For failing of Love on our part, therefore is all our

GOD brought to my mind that I should sin. And for pleasance that I had
in beholding of Him, I attended not readily to that shewing; and our
Lord full mercifully abode, and gave me grace to attend. And this
shewing I took singularly to myself; but by all the gracious comfort
that followeth, as ye shall see, I was learned to take it for all mine
even-Christians: all in general and nothing in special: though our Lord
shewed me that I should sin, by me alone is understood all.

And therein I conceived a soft dread. And to this our Lord answered: I
keep thee full surely. This word was said with more love and secureness
and spiritual keeping than I can or may tell. For as it was shewed that
[I] [118] should sin, right so was the comfort shewed: secureness and
keeping for all mine even-Christians.

What may make me more to love mine even-Christians than to see in God
that He loveth all that shall be saved as it were all one soul?

For in every soul that shall be saved is a Godly Will that never
assented to sin, nor ever shall. Right as there is a beastly will in
the lower part that may will no good, right so there is a Godly Will in
the higher part, which will is so good that it may never will evil, but
ever good. And therefore we are that which He loveth and endlessly we
do that which Him pleaseth.

This shewed our Lord in [shewing] the wholeness of love that we stand
in, in His sight: yea, that He loveth us now as well while we are here,
as He shall do while we are there afore His blessed face. But for
failing love on our part, therefore is all our travail.

[118] Perhaps the omitted word is ‘all’; but de Cressy has ”I” as
above: ”that I should sin.”


In Heaven ?the token of sin is turned to worship.?–

Examples thereof

ALSO God shewed that sin shall be no shame to man, but worship. For
right as to every sin is answering a pain by truth, right so for every
sin, to the same soul is given a bliss by love: right as diverse sins
are punished with diverse pains according as they be grievous, right so
shall they be rewarded with diverse joys in Heaven according as they
have been painful and sorrowful to the soul in earth. For the soul that
shall come to Heaven is precious to God, and the place so worshipful
that the goodness of God suffereth never that soul to sin that shall
come there without that the which sin shall be rewarded; and it is made
known without end, and blissfully restored by overpassing worship.

For in this Sight mine understanding was lifted up into Heaven, and
then God brought merrily to my mind David, and others in the Old Law
without number; and in the New Law He brought to my mind first Mary
Magdalene, Peter and Paul, and those of Inde; [119] and Saint John of
Beverley [120] ; and others also without number: how they are known in
the Church in earth with their sins, and it is to them no shame, but
all is turned for them to worship. And therefore our courteous Lord
sheweth [it thus] for them here in part like as it is there in fulness:
for there the token of sin is turned to worship.

And Saint John of Beverley, our Lord shewed him full highly, in comfort
to us for homeliness; and brought to my mind how he is a dear
neighbour, [121] and of our knowing. And God called him Saint John of
Beverley plainly as we do, and that with a most glad sweet cheer,
shewing that he is a full high saint in Heaven in His sight, and a
blissful. And with this he made mention that in his youth and in his
tender age he was a dearworthy servant to God, greatly God loving and
dreading, and yet God suffered him to fall, mercifully keeping him that
he perished not, nor lost no time. And afterward God raised him to
manifold more grace, and by the contrition and meekness that he had in
his living, God hath given him in Heaven manifold joys, overpassing
that [which] he should have had if he had not fallen. And that this is
sooth, God sheweth in earth with plenteous miracles doing about his
body continually.

And all this was to make us glad and merry in love.

[119] S. Thomas and S. Jude. According to tradition the Gospel was
carried to India by these Apostles.

[120] S. John of Beverley was consecrated Bishop of Hexham in 687, and
was afterwards Archbishop of York. ”He founded the monastery of
Beverley in the midst of the wood called Deira, among the ruins of the
deserted Roman settlement of Pentuaria. This monastery, like so many
others of the Anglo-Saxons, was a double community of monks and nuns.
In 718 John retired for the remaining years of his life to Beverley,
where he died in 721 on the 7th of May…. He was canonised in 1037.
Henschenius the Bollandist, in the second tome of May, has published
books of the miracles wrought at the relicks of St John of Beverley
written by eye-witnesses. His sacred bones were honourably translated
into the church of Alfric, Archbishop of York, in 1037. A feast in
honour of his translation was kept on the 25th of October.” — Alban
Butler’s Lives of the Saints, etc. Perhaps the fact that the Saint’s
original Feast Day of the 7th of May occurred on the second day of
Julian’s illness, had something to do with his being brought to her
mind a few days after with so much vividness.

[121] ”and browte to mynd how he is an hende neybor and of our knowyng”
— i.e. he was a countryman of our own. ”hende” = near, urbane. gentle.


?Sin is the sharpest scourge. . . . By contrition we are made clean, by
compassion we are made ready, and by true longing towards God we are
made worthy?

SIN is the sharpest scourge that any chosen soul may be smitten with:
which scourge thoroughly beateth [122] man and woman, and maketh him
hateful in his own sight, so far forth that afterwhile [123] he
thinketh himself he is not worthy but as to sink in hell,–till [that
time] when contrition taketh him by touching of the Holy Ghost, and
turneth the bitterness into hopes of God’s mercy. And then He beginneth
his wounds to heal, and the soul to quicken [as it is] turned unto the
life of Holy Church. The Holy Ghost leadeth him to confession, with all
his will to shew his sins nakedly and truly, with great sorrow and
great shame that he hath defouled the fair image of God. Then receiveth
he penance for every sin [as] enjoined by his doomsman [124] that is
grounded in Holy Church by the teaching of the Holy Ghost. And this is
one meekness that greatly pleaseth God; and also bodily sickness of
God’s sending, and also sorrow and shame from without, and reproof, and
despite of this world, with all manner of grievance and temptations
that we be cast in, [125] bodily and ghostly.

Full preciously our Lord keepeth us when it seemeth to us that we are
near forsaken and cast away for our sin and because we have deserved
it. And because of meekness that we get hereby, we are raised well-high
in God’s sight by His grace, with so great contrition, and also
compassion, and true longing to God. Then they be suddenly delivered
from sin and from pain, and taken up to bliss, and made even high

By contrition we are made clean, by compassion we are made ready, and
by true longing toward God we are made worthy. These are three means,
as I understand, whereby that all souls come to heaven: that is to say,
that have been sinners in earth and shall be saved: for by these three
medicines it behoveth that every soul be healed. Though the soul be
healed, his wounds are seen afore God,–not as wounds but as worships.
And so on the contrary-wise, as we be punished here with sorrow and
penance, we shall be rewarded in heaven by the courteous love of our
Lord God Almighty, who willeth that none that come there lose his
travail in any degree. For He [be]holdeth sin as sorrow and pain to His
lovers, to whom He assigneth no blame, for love. The meed that we shall
receive shall not be little, but it shall be high, glorious, and
worshipful. And so shall shame be turned to worship and more joy.

But our courteous Lord willeth not that His servants despair, for often
nor for grievous falling: for our falling hindereth [126] not Him to
love us. Peace and love are ever in us, being and working; but we be
not alway in peace and in love. But He willeth that we take heed thus
that He is Ground of all our whole life in love; and furthermore that
He is our everlasting Keeper and mightily defendeth us against our
enemies, that be full fell and fierce upon us;–and so much our need is
the more for [that] we give them occasion by our falling. [127]

[122] ”al forbetyth.” S. de Cressy: ”all to beateth,” Judges ix. 53.

[123] ”otherwhile.”

[124] S de C.: ”Dome’s-man, i.e.. Confessarius.”

[125] MS. ”will be cast in.”

[126] letteth not Him to love us.

[127] See chap. lxviii. In both passages the Brit. Mus. MS. seems to
have ”him,” not ”hem” = them. The reading here might be: ”For we give
Him occasion by our falling” — occasion to keep and defend us: and so
in lxxviii.: ”He keepeth us mightily and mercifully in the time that we
are in our sin and among all our enemies that are full fell upon us; —
and so much we are in the more peril. For we give Him occasion thereto
and know not our own need.” Or possibly the sense is (1): He defendeth
us ”so much [as] our need is the more” [so much more as]; and (2) ”so
much [more as] we are in the more peril.” But S. de Cressy’s version
has in both passages ”them,” and this reading agrees with chap. lxxvi.:
”We have this [fear] by the stirring of our enemy and by our own folly
and blindness” — we who ”fall often into sin.”


?True love teacheth us that we should hate sin only for love.? ?To me was
shewed no harder hell than sin.? ?God willeth that we endlessly hate the sin
and endlessly love the soul, as God loveth it?

THIS is a sovereign friendship of our courteous Lord that He keepeth us
so tenderly while we be in sin; and furthermore He toucheth us full
privily and sheweth us our sin by the sweet light of mercy and grace.
But when we see our self so foul, then ween we that God were wroth with
us for our sin, and then are we stirred of the Holy Ghost by contrition
unto prayer and desire for the amending of our life with all our
mights, to slacken the wrath of God, unto the time we find a rest in
soul and a softness in conscience. Then hope we that God hath forgiven
us our sins: and it is truth. And then sheweth our courteous Lord
Himself to the soul–well-merrily and with glad cheer–with friendly
welcoming as if it [128] had been in pain and in prison, saying sweetly
thus: My darling I am glad thou art come to me: in all thy woe I have
ever been with thee; and now seest thou my loving and we be oned in
bliss. Thus are sins forgiven by mercy and grace, and our soul is
worshipfully received in joy like as it shall be when it cometh to
Heaven, as oftentimes as it cometh by the gracious working of the Holy
Ghost and the virtue of Christ’s Passion.

Here understand I in truth that all manner of things are made ready for
us by the great goodness of God, so far forth that what time we be
ourselves in peace and charity, we be verily saved. But because we may
not have this in fulness while we are here, therefore it falleth to us
evermore to live in sweet prayer and lovely longing with our Lord
Jesus. For He longeth ever to bring us to the fulness of joy; as it is
aforesaid, where He sheweth the Spiritual Thirst.

But now if any man or woman because of all this spiritual comfort that
is aforesaid, be stirred by folly to say or to think: If this be true,
then were it good to sin [so as] to have the more meed,–or else to
charge the less [guilt] to sin,–beware of this stirring: for verily if
it come it is untrue, and of the enemy of the same true love that
teacheth us that we should hate sin only for love. I am sure by mine
own feeling, the more that any kind [129] soul seeth this in the
courteous love of our Lord God, the lother he is to sin and the more he
is ashamed. For if afore us were laid [together] all the pains in Hell
and in Purgatory and in Earth–death and other–, and [by itself] sin,
we should rather choose all that pain than sin. For sin is so vile and
so greatly to be hated that it may be likened to no pain which is not
sin. And to me was shewed no harder hell than sin. For a kind [130]
soul hath no hell but sin.

And [when] we give our intent to love and meekness, by the working of
mercy and grace we are made all fair and clean. As mighty and as wise
as God is to save men, so willing He is. For Christ Himself is [the]
ground of all the laws of Christian men, and He taught us to do good
against ill: here may we see that He is Himself this charity, and doeth
to us as He teacheth us to do. For He willeth that we be like Him in
wholeness of endless love to ourself and to our even-Christians: no
more than His love is broken to us for our sin, no more willeth He that
our love be broken to ourself and to our even-Christians: but [that we]
endlessly hate the sin and endlessly love the soul, as God loveth it.
Then shall we hate sin like as God hateth it, and love the soul as God
loveth it. And this word that He said is an endless comfort: I keep
thee securely.

[128] ”he,” that is, the soul.

[129] A naturally-loving, filial human soul.

[130] A naturally-loving, filial human soul.




I am the Ground of thy beseeching.

AFTER this our Lord shewed concerning Prayer. In which Shewing I see
two conditions in our Lord’s signifying: one is rightfulness, another
is sure trust.

But yet oftentimes our trust is not full: for we are not sure that God
heareth us, as we think because of our unworthiness, and because we
feel right nought, (for we are as barren and dry oftentimes after our
prayers as we were afore); and this, in our feeling our folly, is cause
of our weakness. [131] For thus have I felt in myself.

And all this brought our Lord suddenly to my mind, and shewed these
words, and said: I am Ground of thy beseeching: first it is my will
that thou have it; and after, I make thee to will it; and after, I make
thee to beseech it and thou beseechest it. How should it then be that
thou shouldst not have thy beseeching?

And thus in the first reason, with the three that follow, our good Lord
sheweth a mighty comfort, as it may be seen in the same words. And in
the first reason,–where He saith: And thou beseechest it, there He
sheweth [His] full great pleasance, and endless meed that He will give
us for our beseeching. And in the second reason, where He saith: How
should it then be? etc., this was said for an impossible [thing]. For
it is most impossible that we should beseech mercy and grace, and not
have it. For everything that our good Lord maketh us to beseech,
Himself hath ordained it to us from without beginning. Here may we see
that our beseeching is not cause of God’s goodness; and that shewed He
soothfastly in all these sweet words when He saith: I am [the]
Ground.–And our good Lord willeth that this be known of His lovers in
earth; and the more that we know [it] the more should we beseech, if it
be wisely taken; and so is our Lord’s meaning.

Beseeching is a true, gracious, lasting will of the soul, oned and
fastened into the will of our Lord by the sweet inward work of the Holy
Ghost. Our Lord Himself, He is the first receiver of our prayer, as to
my sight, and taketh it full thankfully and highly enjoying; and He
sendeth it up above and setteth it in the Treasure, where it shall
never perish. It is there afore God with all His Holy continually
received, ever speeding [the help of] our needs; and when we shall
receive our bliss it shall be given us for a degree of joy, with
endless worshipful thanking from [132] Him.

Full glad and merry is our Lord of our prayer; and He looketh
thereafter and He willeth to have it because with His grace He maketh
us like to Himself in condition as we are in kind: and so is His
blissful will. Therefore He saith thus: Pray inwardly, [133] though
thee thinketh it savour thee not: for it is profitable, though thou
feel not, though thou see nought; yea, though thou think thou canst
not. For in dryness and in barrenness, in sickness and in feebleness,
then is thy prayer well-pleasant to me, though thee thinketh it savour
thee nought but little. And so is all thy believing prayer in my sight.
For the meed and the endless thanks that He will give us, therefor He
is covetous to have us pray continually in His sight. God accepteth the
goodwill and the travail of His servant, howsoever we feel: wherefore
it pleaseth Him that we work both in our prayers and in good living, by
His help and His grace, reasonably with discretion keeping our powers
[134] [turned] to Him, till when that we have Him that we seek, in
fulness of joy: that is, Jesus. And that shewed He in the Fifteenth
[Revelation], farther on, in this word: Thou shalt have me to thy meed.

And also to prayer belongeth thanking. Thanking is a true inward
knowing, with great reverence and lovely dread turning ourselves with
all our mights unto the working that our good Lord stirreth us to,
enjoying and thanking inwardly. And sometimes, for plenteousness it
breaketh out with voice, and saith: Good Lord, I thank Thee! [135]
Blessed mayst Thou be! And sometime when the heart is dry and feeleth
not, or else by temptation of our enemy,–then it is driven by reason
and by grace to cry upon our Lord with voice, rehearing His blessed
Passion and His great Goodness; and the virtue of our Lord’s word
turneth into the soul and quickeneth the heart and entereth [136] it by
His grace into true working, and maketh it pray right blissfully. And
truly to enjoy our Lord, it is a full blissful thanking in His sight.

[131] MS.: ”And this in our felyng our foly is cause of our wekenes.”
S. de Cressy: ”And thus in our feelings our folly is cause of our
weakness ”

[132] ”of” = by, from.

[133] ”inderly ” = inwardly — or from the heart: heartily, as in lxvi.

[134] i.e.Faculties. — MS. ”Mights.”

[135] ”Grante mercy” = grand-merci.

[136] ”entrith,” leadeth.


?Prayer is a right understanding of that fulness of joy that is to come, with
accordant longing and sure trust?

OUR Lord God willeth that we have true understanding, and specially in
three things that belong to our prayer. The first is: by whom and how
that our prayer springeth. By whom, He sheweth when He saith: I am
[the] Ground; and how, by His Goodness: for He saith first: It is my
will. The second is: in what manner and how we should use our prayer;
and that is that our will be turned unto the will of our Lord,
enjoying: and so meaneth He when He saith: I make thee to will it. The
third is that we should know the fruit and the end of our prayers: that
is, that we be oned and like to our Lord in all things; and to this
intent and for this end was all this lovely lesson shewed. And He will
help us, and we shall make it so as He saith Himself;–Blessed may He

For this is our Lord’s will, that our prayer and our trust be both
alike large. For if we trust not as much as we pray, we do not full
worship to our Lord in our prayer, and also we tarry [137] and pain our
self. The cause is, as I believe, that we know not truly that our Lord
is [the] Ground on whom our prayer springeth; and also that we know not
that it is given us by the grace of His love. For if we knew this, it
would make us to trust to have, of our Lord’s gift, all that we desire.
For I am sure that no man asketh mercy and grace with true meaning, but
if mercy and grace be first given to him.

But sometimes it cometh to our mind that we have prayed long time, and
yet we think to ourselves that we have not our asking. But herefor
should we not be in heaviness. For I am sure, by our Lord’s signifying,
that either we abide a better time, or more grace, or a better gift. He
willeth that we have true knowing in Himself that He is Being; and in
this knowing He willeth that our understanding be grounded, with all
our mights and all our intent and all our meaning; and in this ground
He willeth that we take our place and our dwelling, and by the gracious
light of Himself He willeth that we have understanding of the things
that follow. The first is our noble and excellent making; the second,
our precious and dearworthy again-buying; the third, all-thing that He
hath made beneath us, [He hath made] to serve us, and for our love
keepeth it. Then signifieth He thus, as if He said: Behold and see that
I have done all this before thy prayers; and now thou art, and prayest
me. And thus He signifieth that it belongeth to us to learn that the
greatest deeds be [already] done, as Holy Church teacheth; and in the
beholding of this, with thanking, we ought to pray for the deed that is
now in doing: and that is, that He rule and guide us, to His worship,
in this life, and bring us to His bliss. And therefor He hath done all.

Then signifieth He thus: that we [should] see that He doeth it, and
that we [should] pray therefor. For the one is not enough. For if we
pray and see not that He doeth it, it maketh us heavy and doubtful; and
that is not His worship. And if we see that He doeth, and we pray not,
we do not our debt, and so may it not be: that is to say, so is it not
[the thing that is] in His beholding.

But to see that He doeth it, and to pray forthwithal,–so is He
worshiped and we sped. All-thing that our Lord hath ordained to do, it
is His will that we pray therefor, either in special or in general. And
the joy and the bliss that it is to Him, and the thanks and the worship
that we shall have therefor, it passeth the understanding of creatures,
as to my sight.

For prayer is a right [138] understanding of that fulness of joy that
is to come, with well-longing and sure trust. Failing of our bliss that
we be kindly ordained to, maketh us to long; true understanding and
love, with sweet mind in our Saviour, graciously maketh us to trust.
And in these two workings our Lord beholdeth us continually [139] : for
it is our due part, and His Goodness may no less assign to us.

Thus it belongeth to us to do our diligence; and when we have done it,
then shall us yet think that [it] is nought,–and sooth it is. But if
we do as we can, and ask, in truth, for mercy and grace, all that
faileth us we shall find in Him. And thus signifieth He where He saith:
I am Ground of thy beseeching. And thus in this blessed word, with the
Shewing, I saw a full overcoming against all our weakness and all our
doubtful dreads.

[137] i.e. torment, tire, hinder.

[138] ”rythwis ” = right manner of.

[139] Or: ‘And for these two workings our Lord looketh to us
continually.’ See above: ”so is it not in His beholding,” and chap
xliii. ”for He beholdeth us in love and would make us partners of His
good deed.”


?Prayer uniteth the soul to God?

PRAYER oneth the soul to God. For though the soul be ever like to God
in kind and substance, restored by grace, it is often unlike in
condition, by sin on man’s part. Then is prayer a witness that the soul
willeth as God willeth; and it comforteth the conscience and enableth
man to grace. And thus He teacheth us to pray, and mightily to trust
that we shall have it. For He beholdeth us in love and would make us
partners of His good deed, and therefore He stirreth us to pray for
that which it pleaseth him to do. For which prayer and good will, that
we have of His gift, He will reward us and give us endless meed.

And this was shewed in this word: And thou beseechest it. In this word
God shewed so great pleasance and so great content, as though He were
much beholden to us for every good deed that we do (and yet it is He
that doeth it) because that we beseech Him mightily to do all things
that seem to Him good: as if He said: What might then please me more
than to beseech me, mightily, wisely, and earnestly, to do that thing
that I shall do?

And thus the soul by prayer accordeth to God.

But when our courteous Lord of His grace sheweth Himself to our soul,
we have that [which] we desire. And then we see not, for the time, what
we should more pray, but all our intent with all our might is set
wholly to the beholding of Him. And this is an high unperceivable
prayer, as to my sight: for all the cause wherefor we pray it, it is
oned into the sight and beholding of Him to whom we pray; marvellously
enjoying with reverent dread, and with so great sweetness and delight
in Him that we can pray right nought but as He stirreth us, for the
time. And well I wot, the more the soul seeth of God, the more it
desireth Him by His grace.

But when we see Him not so, then feel we need and cause to pray,
because of failing, for enabling of our self, to Jesus. For when the
soul is tempested, troubled, and left to itself by unrest, then it is
time to pray, for to make itself pliable and obedient [140] to God.
(But the soul by no manner of prayer maketh God pliant to it: for He is
ever alike in love.)

And this I saw: that what time we see needs wherefor we pray, then our
good Lord followeth us, helping our desire; and when we of His special
grace plainly behold Him, seeing none other needs, then we follow Him
and He draweth us unto Him by love. For I saw and felt that His
marvellous and plentiful Goodness fulfilleth all our powers; and
therewith I saw that His continuant working in all manner of things is
done so goodly, so wisely, and so mightily, that it overpasseth all our
imagining, and all that we can ween and think; and then we can do no
more but behold Him, enjoying, with an high, mighty desire to be all
oned unto Him,–centred to His dwelling,–and enjoy in His loving and
delight in His goodness.

And then shall we, with His sweet grace, in our own meek continuant
prayer come unto Him now in this life by many privy touchings of sweet
spiritual sights and feeling, measured to us as our simpleness may bear
it. And this is wrought, and shall be, by the grace of the Holy Ghost,
so long till we shall die in longing, for love. And then shall we all
come into our Lord, our Self clearly knowing, and God fully having; and
we shall endlessly be all had in God: Him verily seeing and fully
feeling, Him spiritually hearing, and Him delectably in-breathing, and
[of] Him sweetly drinking. [141]

And then shall we see God face to face, homely and fully. The creature
that is made shall see and endlessly behold God which is the Maker. For
thus may no man see God and live after, that is to say, in this deadly
life. But when He of His special grace will shew Himself here, He
strengtheneth the creature above its self, and He measureth the
Shewing, after His own will, as it is profitable for the time.

[140] ”supple and buxum.”

[141] To express the fulness of spiritual perception the mystic seizes
on all the five sense-perceptions as symbols, For the last word S. de
Cressy gives again the word ”smelling” (rendered here, above, by
”in-breathing”). Collins reads the Brit. Mus. MS. as ”following”; but
the word there is ”swelowyng . ”=swallowing.



?God is endless, sovereign Truth,–Wisdom,–Love, not-made; and man’s Soul is
a creature in God which hath the same properties made?

GOD shewed in all the Revelations, oftentimes, that man worketh
evermore His will and His worship lastingly without any stinting. And
what this work is, was shewed in the First, and that in a marvellous
example: for it was shewed in the working of the soul of our blissful
Lady, Saint Mary: [that is, the working of] Truth and Wisdom. [142] And
how [it is done] I hope by the grace of the Holy Ghost I shall tell, as
I saw.

Truth seeth God, and Wisdom beholdeth God, and of these two cometh the
third: that is, a holy marvellous [143] delight in God; which is Love.
Where Truth and Wisdom are verily, there is Love verily, coming of them
both. And all of God’s making: for He is endless sovereign Truth,
endless sovereign Wisdom, endless sovereign Love, unmade; and man’s
Soul is a creature in God which hath the same properties made, [144]
and evermore it doeth that it was made for: it seeth God, it beholdeth
God, and it loveth God. Whereof God enjoyeth in the creature; and the
creature in God, endlessly marvelling.

In which marvelling he seeth his God, his Lord, his Maker so high, so
great, and so good, in comparison with him that is made, that scarcely
the creature seemeth ought to the self. But the clarity and the
clearness of Truth and Wisdom maketh him to see and to bear witness
[145] that he is made for Love . in which God endlessly keepeth him.

[142] See chap. iv.

[143] i.e. marvelling.

[144] chaps. liv., lv.

[145] ”beknowen.”


?All heavenly things and all earthly things that belong to Heaven are
comprehended in these two judgments?

GOD deemeth us [looking] upon our Nature-Substance, which is ever kept
one in Him, whole and safe without end: and this doom is [because] of
His rightfulness [in the which it is made and kept]. And man judgeth
[looking] upon our changeable Sense-soul, which seemeth now one
[thing], now other,–according as it taketh of the [higher or lower]
parts,–and [is that which] showeth outward. And this wisdom [of man’s
judgment] is mingled [because of the diverse things it beholdeth]. For
sometimes it is good and easy, and sometimes it is hard and grievous.
And in as much as it is good and easy it belongeth to the rightfulness;
and in as much as it is hard and grievous [by reason of the sin beheld,
which sheweth in our Sense-soul,] our good Lord Jesus reformeth it by
[the working in our Sense-soul of] mercy and grace through the virtue
of His blessed Passion, and so bringeth it to the rightfulness.

And though these two [judgments] be thus accorded and oned, yet both
shall be known in Heaven without end. The first doom, which is of God’s
rightfulness, is [because] of His high endless life [in our Substance];
and this is that fair sweet doom that was shewed in all the fair
Revelation, in which I saw Him assign to us no manner of blame. But
though this was sweet and delectable, yet in the beholding only of
this, I could not be fully eased: and that was because of the doom of
Holy Church, which I had afore understood and which was continually in
my sight. And therefore by this doom methought I understood that
sinners are worthy sometime of blame and wrath; but these two could I
not see in God; and therefore my desire was more than I can or may
tell. For the higher doom was shewed by God Himself in that same time,
and therefore me behoved needs to take it; and the lower doom was
learned me afore in Holy Church, and therefore I might in no way leave
the lower doom. Then was this my desire: that I might see in God in
what manner that which the doom of Holy Church teacheth is true in His
sight, and how it belongeth to me verily to know it; whereby the two
dooms might both be saved, so as it were worshipful to God and right
way to me.

And to all this I had none other answer but a marvellous example of a
lord and of a servant, as I shall tell after:–and that full mistily
shewed. [146] And yet I stand desiring, and will unto my end, that I
might by grace know these two dooms as it belongeth to me. For all
heavenly, and all earthly things that belong to Heaven, are
comprehended in these two dooms. And the more understanding, by the
gracious leading of the Holy Ghost, that we have of these two dooms,
the more we shall see and know our failings. And ever the more that we
see them, the more, of nature, by grace, we shall long to be fulfilled
of endless joy and bliss. For we are made thereto, and our
Nature-Substance is now blissful in God, and hath been since it was
made, and shall be without end.

[146] Chap. li.


?It is needful to see and to know that we are sinners: wherefore we deserve
pain and wrath.? ?He is God: Good, Life, Truth, Love, Peace: His Clarity and
His Unity suffereth Him not to be wroth?

BUT our passing life that we have here in our sense-soul knoweth not
what our Self is. [147] And when we verily and clearly see and know
what our Self is] then shall we verily and clearly see and know our
Lord God in fulness of joy. And therefore it behoveth needs to be that
the nearer we be to our bliss, the more we shall long [after it]: and
that both by nature and by grace. We may have knowing of our Self in
this life by continuant help and virtue of our high Nature. In which
knowing we may exercise and grow, by forwarding and speeding of mercy
and grace; but we may never fully know our Self until the last point:
in which point this passing life and manner of pain and woe shall have
an end. And therefore it belongeth properly to us, both by nature and
by grace, to long and desire with all our mights to know our Self in
fulness of endless joy.

And yet in all this time, from the beginning to the end, I had two
manner of beholdings. The one was endless continuant love, with
secureness of keeping, and blissful salvation,–for of this was all the
Shewing. The other was of the common teaching of Holy Church, in which
I was afore informed and grounded–and with all my will having in use
and understanding. And the beholding of this went not from me: for by
the Shewing I was not stirred nor led therefrom in no manner of point,
but I had therein teaching to love it and find it good [148] : whereby
I might, by the help of our Lord and His grace, increase and rise to
more heavenly knowing and higher loving.

And thus in all the Beholding methought it was needful to see and to
know that we are sinners, and do many evils that we ought to leave, and
leave many good deeds undone that we ought to do: wherefore we deserve
pain and wrath. And notwithstanding all this, I saw soothfastly that
our Lord was never wroth, nor ever shall be. For He is God: Good, Life,
Truth, Love, Peace; His Clarity [149] and His Unity suffereth Him not
to be wroth. For I saw truly that it is against the property of His
Might to be wroth, and against the property of His Wisdom, and against
the property of His Goodness. God is the Goodness that may not be
wroth, for He is not [other] but Goodness: our soul is oned to Him,
unchangeable Goodness, and between God and our soul is neither wrath
nor forgiveness in His sight. For our soul is so fully oned to God of
His own Goodness that between God and our soul may be right nought.

And to this understanding was the soul led by love and drawn by might
in every Shewing: that it is thus our good Lord shewed, and how it is
thus in the truth of His great Goodness. And He willeth that we desire
to learn it–that is to say, as far as it belongeth to His creature to
learn it. For all things that the simple soul understood, God willeth
that they be shewed and [made] known. For the things that He will have
privy, mightily and wisely Himself He hideth them, for love. For I saw
in the same Shewing that much privity is hid, which may never be known
until the time that God of His goodness hath made us worthy to see it;
and therewith I am well-content, abiding our Lord’s will in this high
marvel. And now I yield me to my Mother, Holy Church, as a simple child

[147] ”like it.”

[148] ”like it.”

[149] So S. de Cressy has it. There is evidently an omission in the MS.
of part of this sentence. See lvi., lxxii. The dim sight of God comes
before the dim sight of the Self, but the clear sight of God comes
after the clear sight of the Self.


?We fail oftentimes of the sight of Him, and anon we fall into our self, and
then find we no feeling of right,–nought but contrariness that is in our

TWO things belong to our soul as duty: the one is that we reverently
marvel, the other that we meekly suffer, ever enjoying in God. For He
would have us understand that we shall in short time see clearly in
Himself all that we desire.

And notwithstanding all this, I beheld and marvelled greatly: What is
the mercy and forgiveness of God? For by the teaching that I had afore,
I understood that the mercy of God should be the forgiveness of His
wrath after the time that we have sinned. For methought that to a soul
whose meaning and desire is to love, the wrath of God was harder than
any other pain, and therefore I took [150] that the forgiveness of His
wrath should be one of the principal points of His mercy. But howsoever
I might behold and desire, I could in no wise see this point in all the
Shewing. [151]

But how I understood and saw of the work of mercy, I shall tell
somewhat, as God will give me grace. I understood this: Man is
changeable in this life, and by frailty and overcoming falleth into
sin: he is weak and unwise of himself, and also his will is overlaid.
And in this time he is in tempest and in sorrow and woe; and the cause
is blindness: for he seeth not God. For if he saw God continually, he
should have no mischievous feeling, nor any manner of motion or
yearning that serveth to sin [152] .

Thus saw I, and felt in the same time; and methought that the sight and
the feeling was high and plenteous and gracious in comparison with that
which our common feeling is in this life; but yet I thought it was but
small and low in comparison with the great desire that the soul hath to
see God.

For I felt in me five manner of workings, which be these: Enjoying,
mourning, desire, dread, and sure hope. Enjoying: for God gave me
understanding and knowing that it was Himself that I saw; mourning: and
that was for failing; desire: and that was I might see Him ever more
and more, understanding and knowing that we shall never have full rest
till we see Him verily and clearly in heaven; dread was: for it seemed
to me in all that time that that sight should fail, and I be left to
myself; sure hope was in the endless love: that I saw I should be kept
by His mercy and brought to His bliss. And the joying in His sight with
this sure hope of His merciful keeping made me to have feeling and
comfort so that mourning and dread were not greatly painful. And yet in
all this I beheld in the Shewing of God that this manner of sight may
not be continuant in this life,–and that for His own worship and for
increase of our endless joy. And therefore we fail oftentimes of the
sight of Him, and anon we fall into our self, and then find we no
feeling of right,–naught but contrariness that is in our self; and
that of the elder root of our first sin, [153] with all the sins that
follow, of our contrivance. And in this we are in travail and tempest
[154] with feeling of sins, and of pain in many divers manners,
spiritual and bodily, as it is known to us in this life.

[150] understood — took it.

[151] ”But for nowte that I myte beholden and desyrin I could not se.”

[152] ne no manner steryng ne [or ye = the] yernyng.”

[153] i.e. contrariness, springing from the beginning of sin in the
first fall of man

[154] ”traveylid and tempested.”


?I beheld the property of Mercy, and I beheld the property of Grace: which
have two manners of working in one love ?

BUT our good Lord the Holy Ghost, which is endless life dwelling in our
soul, full securely keepeth us; and worketh therein a peace and
bringeth it to ease by grace, and accordeth it to God and maketh it
pliant. [155] And this is the mercy and the way that our Lord
continually leadeth us in as long as we be here in this life which is

For I saw no wrath but on man’s part; and that forgiveth He in us. For
wrath is not else but a forwardness and a contrariness to peace and
love; and either it cometh of failing of might, or of failing of
wisdom, or of failing of goodness: which failing is not in God, but is
on our part. For we by sin and wretchedness have in us a wretched and
continuant contrariness to peace and to love. And that shewed He full
often in His lovely Regard of Ruth and Pity. [156] For the ground of
mercy is love, and the working of mercy is our keeping in love. And
this was shewed in such manner that I could [157] not have perceived of
the part of mercy but as it were alone in love; that is to say, as to
my sight.

Mercy is a sweet gracious working in love, mingled with plenteous pity:
for mercy worketh in keeping us, and mercy worketh turning to us all
things to good. Mercy, by love, suffereth us to fail in measure and in
as much as we fail, in so much we fall; and in as much as we fall, in
so much we die: for it needs must be that we die in so much as we fail
of the sight and feeling of God that is our life. Our failing is
dreadful, our falling is shameful, and our dying is sorrowful: but in
all this the sweet eye of pity and love is lifted never off us, nor the
working of mercy ceaseth [158] .

For I beheld the property of mercy, and I beheld the property of grace:
which have two manners of working in one love. Mercy is a pitiful
property which belongeth to the Motherhood in tender love; and grace is
a worshipful property which belongeth to the royal Lordship in the same
love. Mercy worketh: keeping, suffering, quickening, and healing; and
all is tenderness of love. And grace worketh: raising, rewarding,
endlessly overpassing that which our longing and our travail deserveth,
spreading abroad and shewing the high plenteous largess [159] of God’s
royal Lordship in His marvellous courtesy; and this is of the abundance
of love. For grace worketh our dreadful failing into plenteous, endless
solace; and grace worketh our shameful falling into high, worshipful
rising; and grace worketh our sorrowful dying into holy, blissful life.

For I saw full surely that ever as our contrariness worketh to us here
in earth pain, shame, and sorrow, right so, on the contrary wise, grace
worketh to us in heaven solace, worship, and bliss; and overpassing.
And so far forth, that when we come up and receive the sweet reward
which grace hath wrought for us, then we shall thank and bless our
Lord, endlessly rejoicing that ever we suffered woe. And that shall be
for a property of blessed love that we shall know in God which we could
never have known without woe going before.

And when I saw all this, it behoved me needs to grant that the mercy of
God and the forgiveness is to slacken and waste our wrath.

[155] ”buxum”=ready to bend or obey.

[156] lovely chere loving Look. See li., lxxi., etc.

[157] ”I cowth not a perceyven of.”

[158] ”But in all this the swete eye of pite and love cumith never of
us, ne the werkyng of mercy cesyth not.”

[159] or largeness.


?Where our Lord appeareth, peace is taken, and wrath hath. no place.?
?Immediately is the soul made at one with God when it is truly set at peace in

FOR this was an high marvel to the soul which was continually shewed in
all the Revelations, and was with great diligence beholden, that our
Lord God, anent Himself may not forgive, for He may not be wroth: it
were impossible. For this was shewed: that our life is all grounded and
rooted in love, and without love we may not live; and therefore to the
soul that of His special grace seeth so far into the high, marvellous
Goodness of God, and seeth that we are endlessly oned to Him in love,
it is the most impossible that may be, that God should be wroth. For
wrath and friendship be two contraries. For He that wasteth and
destroyeth our wrath and maketh us meek and mild,–it behoveth needs to
be that He [Himself] be ever one in love, meek and mild: which is
contrary to wrath.

For I saw full surely that where our Lord appeareth, peace is taken and
wrath hath no place. For I saw no manner of wrath in God, neither for
short time nor for long;–for in sooth, as to my sight, if God might be
wroth for an instant, [160] we should never have life nor place nor
being. For as verily as we have our being of the endless Might of God
and of the endless Wisdom and of the endless Goodness, so verily we
have our keeping in the endless Might of God, in the endless Wisdom,
and in the endless Goodness. For though we feel in ourselves, [frail]
wretches, debates and strifes, yet are we all-mannerful enclosed in the
mildness of God and in His meekness, in His benignity and in His
graciousness. [161] For I saw full surely that all our endless
friendship, our place, our life and our being, is in God.

For that same endless Goodness that keepeth us when we sin, that we
perish not, the same endless Goodness continually treateth in us a
peace against our wrath and our contrarious falling, and maketh us to
see our need with a true dread, and mightily to seek unto God to have
forgiveness, with a gracious desire of our salvation. And though we, by
the wrath and the contrariness that is in us, be now in tribulation,
distress, and woe, as falleth to our blindness and frailty, yet are we
securely safe by the merciful keeping of God, that we perish not. But
we are not blissfully safe, in having of our endless joy, till we be
all in peace and in love: that is to say, full pleased with God and
with all His works, and with all His judgments, and loving and
peaceable with our self and with our even-Christians and with all that
God loveth, as love beseemeth. [162] And this doeth God’s Goodness in

Thus saw I that God is our very Peace, and He is our sure Keeper when
we are ourselves in unpeace, and He continually worketh to bring us
into endless peace. And thus when we, by the working of mercy and
grace, be made meek and mild, we are fully safe; suddenly is the soul
oned to God when it is truly peaced in itself: for in Him is found no
wrath. And thus I saw when we are all in peace and in love, we find no
contrariness, nor no manner of letting through that contrariness which
is now in us; [nay], our Lord of His Goodness maketh it to us full
profitable. For that contrariness is cause of our tribulations and all
our woe, and our Lord Jesus taketh them and sendeth them up to Heaven,
and there are they made more sweet and delectable than heart may think
or tongue may tell. And when we come thither we shall find them ready,
all turned into very fair and endless worships. Thus is God our
steadfast Ground: and He shall be our full bliss and make us
unchangeable, as He is, when we are there.

[160] a touch.

[161] ”buxumhede.”

[162] ”liketh.”


?The blame of our sin continually hangeth upon us.? ?In the sight of God the
soul that shall be saved was never dead, nor ever shall be dead?

AND in this life mercy and forgiveness is our way and evermore leadeth
us to grace. And by the tempest and the sorrow that we fall into on our
part, we be often dead as to man’s doom in earth; but in the sight of
God the soul that shall be saved was never dead, nor ever shall be.

But yet here I wondered and marvelled with all the diligence of my
soul, saying thus within me: Good Lord, I see Thee that art very Truth;
and I know in truth [163] that we sin grievously every day and be much
blameworthy; and I may neither leave the knowing of Thy truth, [164]
nor do I see Thee shew to us any manner of blame. How may this be? For
I knew by the common teaching of Holy Church and by mine own feeling,
that the blame of our sin continually hangeth upon us, from the first
man unto the time that we come up unto heaven: then was this my marvel
that I saw our Lord God shewing to us no more blame than if we were as
clean and as holy as Angels be in heaven. And between these two
contraries my reason was greatly travailed through my blindness, and
could have no rest for dread that His blessed presence should pass from
my sight and I be left in unknowing [of] how He beholdeth us in our
sin. For either [it] behoved me to see in God that sin was all done
away, or else me behoved to see in God how He seeth it, whereby I might
truly know how it belongeth to me to see sin, and the manner of our
blame. My longing endured, Him continually beholding;–and yet I could
have no patience for great straits [165] and perplexity, thinking: If I
take it thus that we be no sinners and not blameworthy, it seemeth as I
.should err and fail of knowing of this truth [166] ; and if it be so
that we be sinners and blameworthy,–Good Lord, how may it then be that
I cannot see this true thing [167] in Thee, which art my God, my Maker,
in whom I desire to see all truths? [168]

For three points make me hardy to ask it. The first is, because it is
so low a thing: for if it were an high thing I should be a-dread. The
second is, that it is so common: for if it were special and privy, also
I should be a-dread. The third is, that it needeth me to know it (as
methinketh) if I shall live here for knowing of good and evil, whereby
I may, by reason and grace, the more dispart them asunder, and love
goodness and hate evil, as Holy Church teacheth. I cried inwardly, with
all my might seeking unto God for help, saying thus: Ah! Lord Jesus,
King of bliss, how shall I be eased? Who shall teach me and tell me
that [thing] me needeth to know, if I may not at this time see it in

[163] ”sothly,” ”sothe.”

[164] ”sothly,” ”sothe.”

[165] ”awer,”p. 127.

[166] ”soth” and ”sothnes.”

[167] ”soth” and ”sothnes.”

[168] ”trueths.”


?He is the Head, and we be His members.? ?Therefore our Father nor may nor
will more blame assign to us than to His own Son, precious and worthy Christ?

AND then our Courteous Lord answered in shewing full mistily a
wonderful example of a Lord that hath a Servant: and He gave me sight
to my understanding of both. Which sight was shewed doubly in the Lord
and doubly in the Servant: the one part was shewed spiritually in
bodily likeness, and the other part was shewed more spiritually,
without bodily likeness.

For the first [sight], thus, I saw two persons in bodily likeness: that
is to say, a Lord and a Servant; and therewith God gave me spiritual
understanding. The Lord sitteth stately in rest and in peace; the
Servant standeth by afore his Lord reverently, ready to do his Lord’s
will. The Lord looketh upon his Servant full lovingly and sweetly, and
meekly he sendeth him to a certain place to do his will. The Servant
not only he goeth, but suddenly he starteth, and runneth in great
haste, for love to do his Lord’s will. And anon he falleth into a
slade, [169] and taketh full great hurt. And then he groaneth and
moaneth and waileth and struggleth, but he neither may rise nor help
himself by no manner of way.

And of all this the most mischief [170] that I saw him in, was failing
of comfort: for he could not turn his face to look upon his loving
Lord, which was to him full near,–in Whom is full comfort;–but as a
man that was feeble and unwise for the time, he turned his mind [171]
to his feeling and endured in woe.

In which woe he suffered seven great pains. The first was the sore
bruising that he took in his falling, which was to him feelable pain;
the second was the heaviness of his body; the third was feebleness
following from these two; the fourth, that he was blinded in his reason
and stunned in his mind, so far forth that almost he had forgotten his
own love; the fifth was that he might not rise; the sixth was most
marvellous to me, and that was that he lay all alone: I looked all
about and beheld, and far nor near, high nor low, I saw to him no help;
the seventh was that the place which he lay on was a long, hard, and
grievous [place].

I marvelled how this Servant might meekly suffer there all this woe,
and I beheld with carefulness to learn if I could perceive in him any
fault, or if the Lord should assign to him any blame. And in sooth
there was none seen: for only his goodwill and his great desire was
cause of his falling; and he was unlothful, and as good inwardly as
when he stood afore his Lord, ready to do his will. And right thus
continually his loving Lord full tenderly beholdeth him. But now with a
double manner of Regard: one outward, full meekly and mildly, with
great ruth and pity,–and this was of the first [sight], another
inward, more spiritually,–and this was shewed with a leading of mine
understanding into the Lord, [in the] which I saw Him highly rejoicing
for the worshipful restoring that He will and shall bring His Servant
to by His plenteous grace; and this was of that other shewing.

And now [was] my understanding led again into the first [sight]; both
keeping in mind. Then saith this courteous Lord in his meaning: Lo, lo,
my loved Servant, what harm and distress he hath taken in my service
for my love,–yea, and for his goodwill. Is it not fitting that I award
him [for] his affright and his dread, his hurt and his maim and all his
woe? And not only this, but falleth it not to me to give a gift that
[shall] be better to him, and more worshipful, than his own wholeness
should have been?–or else methinketh I should do him no grace.

And in this an inward spiritual Shewing of the Lord’s meaning descended
into my soul: in which I saw that it behoveth needs to be, by virtue of
His great [Goodness] and His own worship, that His dearworthy Servant,
which He loved so much, should be verily and blissfully rewarded, above
that he should have been if he had not fallen. Yea, and so far forth,
that his falling and his woe, that he hath taken thereby, shall be
turned into high and overpassing worship and endless bliss.

And at this point the shewing of the example vanished, and our good
Lord led forth mine understanding in sight and in shewing of the
Revelation to the end. But notwithstanding all this forth-leading, the
marvelling over the example went never from me: for methought it was
given me for an answer to my desire, and yet could I not take therein
full understanding to mine ease at that time. For in the Servant that
was shewed for Adam, as I shall tell, I saw many diverse properties
that might in no manner of way be assigned [172] to single Adam. And
thus in that time I stood for much part in unknowing: for the full
understanding of this marvellous example was not given me in that time.
In which mighty example three properties of the Revelation be yet
greatly hid; and notwithstanding this [further forthleading], I saw and
understood that every Shewing is full of secret things [left hid].

And therefore me behoveth now to tell three properties in which I am
somewhat eased. The first is the beginning of teaching that I
understood therein, in the same time; the second is the inward teaching
that I have understood therein afterward; the third, all the whole
Revelation from the beginning to the end (that is to say of this Book)
which our Lord God of His goodness bringeth oftentimes freely to the
sight of mine understanding. And these three are so oned, as to my
understanding, that I cannot, nor may, dispart them. And by these
three, as one, I have teaching whereby I ought to believe and trust in
our Lord God, that of the same goodness of which He shewed it, and for
the same end, right so, of the same goodness and for the same end He
shall declare it to us when it is His will.

For, twenty years after the time of the Shewing, save three months, I
had teaching inwardly, as I shall tell: It belongeth to thee to take
heed to all the properties and conditions that were shewed in the
example, though thou think that they be misty and indifferent [173] to
thy sight. I assented willingly, with great desire, and inwardly
[beheld] with heedfulness [174] all the points and properties that were
shewed in the same time, as far forth as my wits and understanding
would serve: beginning my beholding at the Lord and at the Servant, and
the manner of sitting of the Lord, and the place that he sat on, and
the colour of his clothing and the manner of shape, and his countenance
without, and his nobleness and his goodness within; at the manner of
standing of the Servant, and the place where, and how; at his manner of
clothing, the colour and the shape; at his outward having and at his
inward goodness and his unloathfulness.

The Lord that sat stately in rest and in peace, I understood that He is
God. The Servant that stood afore the Lord, I understood that it was
shewed for Adam: that is to say, one man was shewed, that time, and his
falling, to make it thereby understood how God beholdeth All-Man and
his falling. For in the sight of God all man is one man, and one man is
all man. This man was hurt in his might and made full feeble; and he
was stunned in his understanding so that he [was] turned from the
beholding of his Lord. But his will was kept whole in God’s sight;–for
his will I saw our Lord commend and approve. But himself was letted and
blinded from the knowing of this will; and this is to him great sorrow
and grievous distress: for neither doth he see clearly his loving Lord,
which is to him full meek and mild, nor doth he see truly what himself
is in the sight of his loving Lord. And well I wot when these two are
wisely and truly seen, we shall get rest and peace here in part, and
the fulness of the bliss of Heaven, by His plenteous grace.

And this was a beginning of teaching which I saw in the same time,
whereby I might come to know in what manner He beholdeth us in our sin.
And then I saw that only Pain blameth and punisheth, and our courteous
Lord comforteth and sorroweth; and ever He is to the soul in glad
Cheer, loving, and longing to bring us to His bliss.

The place that the Lord sat on was simple, on the earth, barren and
desert, alone in wilderness; his clothing was ample and full seemly, as
falleth to a Lord; the colour of his cloth was blue as azure, most sad
and fair. his cheer was merciful; the colour of his face was
fair-brown,–with full seemly features; his eyes were black, most fair
and seemly, shewing [outward] full of lovely pity, and [shewing],
within him, an high Regard, [175] long and broad, all full of endless
heavens. And the lovely looking wherewith He looked upon His Servant
continually,–and especially in his falling,–methought it might melt
our hearts for love and burst them in two for joy. The fair looking
shewed [itself] of a seemly mingledness which was marvellous to behold:
the one [part] was Ruth and Pity, the other was Joy and Bliss. The Joy
and Bliss passeth as far Ruth and Pity as Heaven is above earth: the
Pity was earthly and the Bliss was heavenly: the Ruth and Pity of the
Father was [in regard] of the falling of Adam, which is His most loved
creature; the Joy and Bliss was [in regard] of His dearworthy Son,
which is even with the Father. The Merciful Beholding of His
Countenance [176] of love fulfilled all earth and descended down with
Adam into hell, with which continuant pity Adam was kept from endless
death. And thus Mercy and Pity dwelleth with mankind unto the time we
come up into Heaven.

But man is blinded in this life and therefore we may not see our
Father, God, as He is. And what time that He of His goodness willeth to
shew Himself to man, He sheweth Himself homely, as man.
Notwithstanding, I reason, in verity [177] we ought to know and believe
that the Father is not man.

But his sitting on the earth barren and desert, is to signify this:–He
made man’s soul to be His own City and His dwelling-place: which is
most pleasing to Him of all His works. And what time that man was
fallen into sorrow and pain, he was not all seemly to serve in that
noble office; and therefore our Lord Father would prepare Himself no
other place, but would sit upon the earth abiding mankind, which is
mingled with earth, till what time by His grace His dearworthy Son had
brought again His City into the noble fairness with His hard travail.
The blueness of the clothing betokeneth His steadfastness; the
brownness of his fair face, with the seemly blackness of the eyes, was
most accordant to shew His holy soberness. The length and breadth of
his garments, which were fair, flaming about, betokeneth that He hath,
beclosed in Him, all Heavens, and all Joy and Bliss: [178] and this was
shewed in a touch [of time], where I have said: Mine understanding was
led into the Lord; in which [inward shewing] I saw Him highly rejoice
for the worshipful restoring that He will and shall bring His servant
to by His plenteous grace.

And yet I marvelled, beholding the Lord and the Servant aforesaid. I
saw the Lord sit stately, and the Servant standing reverently afore his
Lord. In which Servant there is double understanding, one without,
another within. Outwardly:–he was clad simply, as a labourer which
were got ready for his toil; [179] and he stood full near the Lord–not
evenly in front [180] of him, but in part to one side, on the left. His
clothing was a white kirtle, single, old, and all defaced, dyed with
sweat of his body, strait-fitting to him, and short–as it were an
handful beneath the knee; [thread]bare, seeming as it should soon be
worn out, ready to be ragged and rent. And of this I marvelled greatly,
thinking: this is now an unseemly clothing for the Servant that is so
greatly loved to stand in afore so worshipful a Lord. And inwardly in
him was shewed a ground of love: which love that he had to the Lord was
even-like [181] to the love that the Lord had to him.

The wisdom of the Servant saw inwardly that there was one thing to do
which should be to the worship of the Lord. And the Servant, for love,
having no regard to himself nor to nothing that might befall him,
hastily he started and ran at the sending of his Lord, to do that thing
which was his will and his worship. For it seemed by his outward
clothing as he had been a continuant labourer of long time, and by the
inward sight that I had both of the Lord and the Servant it seemed that
he was a [182] new [one], that is to say, new beginning to travail:
which Servant was never sent out afore.

There was a treasure in the earth which the Lord loved. I marvelled and
thought what it might be, and I was answered in mine understanding: It
is a food which is delectable and pleasant to the Lord. For I saw the
Lord sit as a man, and I saw neither meat nor drink wherewith to serve
him. This was one marvel. Another marvel was that this majestic Lord
had no servant but one, and him he sent out. I beheld, thinking what
manner of labour it might be that the Servant should do. And then I
understood that he should do the greatest labour and hardest travail:
that is, he should be a gardener, delve and dyke, toil and sweat, and
turn the earth upside-down, and seek the deepness, and water the plants
in time. And in this he should continue his travail and make sweet
floods to run, and noble and plenteous fruits to spring, which he
should bring afore the Lord to serve him therewith to his desire. And
he should never turn again till he had prepared this food all ready as
he knew that it pleased the Lord. And then he should take this food,
with the drink in the food, and bear it full worshipfully afore the
Lord. And all this time the Lord should sit in the same place, abiding
his Servant whom he sent out.

And yet I marvelled from whence the Servant came. For I saw in the Lord
that HE hath within Himself endless life, and all manner of goodness,
save that treasure that was in the earth. And [also] that [treasure]
was grounded in the Lord in marvellous deepness of endless love, but it
was not all to His worship till the Servant had thus nobly prepared it,
and brought it before Him in himself present. And without the Lord was
nothing but wilderness. And I understood not all what this example
meant, and therefore I marvelled whence the Servant came.

In the Servant is comprehended the Second Person in the Trinity; and in
the Servant is comprehended Adam: that is to say, All-Man. And
therefore when I say the Son, it meaneth the Godhead which is even with
the Father; and when I say the Servant, it meaneth Christ’s Manhood,
which is rightful Adam. By the nearness of the Servant is understood
the Son, and by the standing on the left side is understood Adam. The
Lord is the Father, God; the Servant is the Son, Christ Jesus; the Holy
Ghost is Even [183] Love which is in them both.

When Adam fell, God’s Son fell: because of the rightful oneing which
had been made in heaven, God’s Son might not [be disparted] from Adam.
(For by Adam I understand All-Man.) Adam fell from life to death, into
the deep [184] of this wretched world, and after that into hell: God’s
Son fell with Adam, into the deep of the Maiden’s womb, who was the
fairest daughter of Adam; and for this end: to excuse Adam from blame
in heaven and in earth; and mightily He fetched him out of hell.

By the wisdom and goodness that was in the Servant is understood God’s
Son; by the poor clothing as a labourer standing near the left side, is
understood the Manhood and Adam, with all the scathe [185] and
feebleness that followeth. For in all this our good Lord shewed His own
Son and Adam but one Man. The virtue and the goodness that we have is
of Jesus Christ, the feebleness and the blindness that we have is of
Adam: which two were shewed in the Servant.

And thus hath our good Lord Jesus taken upon Him all our blame, and
therefore our Father nor may nor will more blame assign to us than to
His own Son, dearworthy Christ. Thus was He, the Servant, afore His
coming into earth standing ready afore the Father in purpose, till what
time He would send Him to do that worshipful deed by which mankind was
brought again into heaven;–that is to say, notwithstanding that He is
God, even with the Father as anent the Godhead. But in His foreseeing
purpose that He would be Man, to save man in fulfilling of His Father’s
will, so He stood afore His Father as a Servant, willingly [186] taking
upon Him all our charge. And then He started full readily at the
Father’s will, and anon He fell full low, into the Maiden’s womb,
having no regard to Himself nor to His hard pains.

The white kirtle is the flesh; the singleness is that there was right
nought atwix the Godhead and Manhood; the straitness is poverty; the
eld is of Adam’s wearing: the defacing, of sweat of Adam’s travail; the
shortness sheweth the Servant’s labour.

And thus I saw the Son saying in His meaning [187] : Lo! my dear
Father, I stand before Thee in Adam’ kirtle, all ready to start and to
run: I would be in the earth to do Thy worship when it is Thy will to
send me. How long shall I desire? Full soothfastly wist the Son when it
would be the Father’s will and how long He should desire: that is to
say, [He wist it] anent the Godhead: for He is the Wisdom of the
Father; wherefore this question was shewed with understanding of the
Manhood of Christ. For all mankind that shall be saved by the sweet
Incarnation and blissful Passion of Christ, all is the Manhood of
Christ: for He is the Head and we be His members. To which members the
day and the time is unknown when every passing woe and sorrow shall
have an end, and the everlasting joy and bliss shall be fulfilled;
which day and time for to see, all the Company of Heaven longeth. And
all that shall be under heaven that shall come thither, their way is by
longing and desire. Which desire and longing was shewed in the
Servant’s standing afore the Lord,–or else thus in the Son’s standing
afore the Father in Adam’s kirtle. For the longing [188] and desire of
all Mankind that shall be saved appeared in Jesus: for Jesus is All
that shall be saved, and All that shall be saved is Jesus. And all of
the Charity of God; with obedience, meekness, and patience, and virtues
that belong to us.

Also in this marvellous example I have teaching with me as it were the
beginning of an A.B.C., whereby I have some understanding of our Lord’s
meaning. For the secret things of the Revelation be hid
therein;–notwithstanding that all the Shewings are full of secret
things. The sitting of the Father betokeneth His Godhead: that is to
say, by shewing of rest and peace: for in the Godhead may be no
travail. [189] And that He shewed Himself as Lord, betokeneth His
[governance] to our manhood. The standing of the Servant betokeneth
travail; on one side, and on the left, betokeneth that he was not all
worthy to stand even-right afore the Lord; his starting was the
Godhead, and the running was the Manhood: for the Godhead started from
the Father into the Maiden’s womb, falling into the taking of our Kind.
And in this falling he took great sore: the sore that He took was our
flesh, in which He had also swiftly feeling of deadly pains. That he
stood adread before the Lord and not even-right, betokeneth that His
clothing was not seemly [190] to stand in even-right afore the Lord,
nor that might not, nor should not, be His office while He was a
labourer; nor also He might not sit in rest and peace with the Lord
till He had won His peace rightfully with His hard travail; and that he
stood by the left side [betokeneth] that the Father left His own Son,
willingly, [191] in the Manhood to suffer all man’s pains, without
sparing of Him. By that his kirtle was in point to be ragged and rent,
is understood the blows, the scourgings, the thorns and the nails, the
drawing and the dragging, His tender flesh rending. (As I saw in some
part [before] how the flesh was rent from the skull, falling in pieces
until the time when the bleeding ceased, and then it began to dry
again, cleaving to the bone.) And by the struggling and writhing,
groaning and moaning, is understood that He might never rise almightily
from the time that He was fallen into the Maiden’s womb, till his body
was slain and dead, He yielding the soul into the Father’s hands with
all Mankind for whom He was sent.

And at this point He began first to shew His might: for He went into
Hell, and when He was there He raised up the great Root out of the deep
deepness which rightfully was knit to Him in high Heaven. The body was
in the grave till Easter-morrow, and from that time He lay nevermore.
For then was rightfully ended the struggling and the writhing, the
groaning and the moaning. And our foul deadly flesh that God’s Son took
on Him, which was Adam’s old kirtle, strait, [worn]-bare, and short,
was then by our Saviour made fair, new white and bright and of endless
cleanness; loose and long [192] ; fairer and richer than was then the
clothing which [before] I saw on the Father: for that clothing was
blue, but Christ’s clothing is [coloured] now of a fair seemly medlour,
which is so marvellous that I can it not describe: for it is all of
very worships.

Now sitteth not the Son on earth in wilderness, but He sitteth in His
noblest Seat, which He made in Heaven most to His pleasing. Now
standeth not the Son afore the Father as a Servant afore the Lord
dreadingly, meanly clad, in part naked; but He standeth afore the
Father even-right, richly clad in blissful largeness, with a Crown upon
His head of precious richness. For it was shewed that we be His Crown:
which Crown is the Joy of the Father, the Worship of the Son, the
Satisfying of the Holy Ghost, and endless marvellous Bliss to all that
be in Heaven. Now standeth not the Son afore the Father on the left
side, as a labourer, but He sitteth on His Father’s right hand, in
endless rest and peace. [193] (But it is not meant that the Son sitteth
on the right hand, side by side, as one man sitteth by another in this
life,–for there is no such sitting, as to my sight, in the
Trinity,–but He sitteth on His Father’s right hand,–that is to say:
in the highest nobleness of the Father’s joys.) Now is the Spouse,
God’s Son, in peace with His loved Wife, which is the Fair Maiden of
endless Joy. Now sitteth the Son, Very God and Man, in His City in rest
and peace: which [City] His Father hath adight to Him of His endless
purpose; and the Father in the Son; and the Holy Ghost in the Father
and in the Son.

[169] i.e. a steep hollow place; a ravine.

[170] i.e. injury, harm.

[171] ”entended.”

[172] ”aret”=reckoned.

[173] i.e. not of definite purport, indistinct.

[174] ”avisement.”

[175] MS. ”within him an heyward long and brode, all full of endless
hevyns.” Cressy and Collins transcribe this word without explanation,
but give ”heavenliness” for ”heavens ” It seems most likely that ”hey”
has been written as if affixed to ”ward” (i.e. ”regard,” ”deeming,” or
”reward”), or else to ”reward” meaning, as usual, regard (”Beholding”).
See pp. 108 and 113. Cf. note at the end of this chapter.

[176] ”lofly cher.”

[177] ”I reson sothly we owen.”

[178] See p. 112, the ”high reward”

[179] ”which wer disposed to travel.”

[180] ”even fornempts” = straight opposite.

[181] i.e. equal (MS ”even like”).

[182] S. de Cressy: ”anaved”; MS. ”anew.”

[183] i.e. equal — see p. 114. ”All of the Charity of God,” the mutual
love that also embraces created souls, p. 118.

[184] ”the slade.”

[185] ”mischief.”

[186] ”wilfully”= voluntarily, of His own Will as God.

[187] purpose, intent, thought or speech.

[188] ”langor.”

[189] i.e. painful toil. ”He sitteth… in peace and rest. And the
Godhead ruleth and careth for heaven and earth and all that is”

[190] ”honest.”

[191] ”wilfully.”

[192] ”wyde and syde” = wide and long.

[193] But see also xxxix. p. 81, lxxx. p. 194. Note: — If ”an heyward”
— ”long and brode all full of endless hevyns,” p. 112, — were to be
rendered as ”an high reward,” revealed for the future along with,
though less clearly than, the divine pity for the pains of the present,
reference might be made to Revelation ix. pp. 47, 50: ”It is a joy, a
bliss, an endless satisfying to me that ever suffered I Passion for
thee.” … ”In this feeling mine understanding was lifted up into
Heaven: and there I saw three heavens”; and to Rev. x. p. 51: ”then
with a glad Cheer our Lord looked into His Side and beheld, rejoicing.
With His sweet looking He led forth the understanding of His creature
by the same wound into His Side within. And then He shewed a fair
delectable place, and large enough for all mankind that shall be saved
to rest in peace and in love.” But ”Regard ” (scope of true,
continuing, divine Sight, Insight, All-comprehending sight) seems more
likely to be the true rendering. ”Long and broad” go strangely with the
word, but on p. 113 the length and breadth of the garments is
interpreted immediately after the colour of the eyes, and is said to
betoken that ”He hath in Him, all Heavens, and all Joy and Bliss,” and
indeed these words but fill out the idea of the more frequently used
”high” to signify the ”enclosing” of ”endless heavens:” that Sphere of
”fulness” which is infinite. With this passage may be compared one
below, on p. 113: ”The Merciful Beholding of His loving Cheer fulfilled
all earth and descended down with Adam into hell, … and thus Mercy
and Pity dwelleth with mankind unto the time we come up into Heaven.”
The other, the Inward, the high Beholding or Regard is not said to
”fill” Heaven, but to be ”full of” endless Heavens. So elsewhere it is
said that in our Sense-soul, the lower part of human nature, God
dwells, but that our Substance, the higher part, dwells in God. The
regard of Mercy and Pity is with the Sense-soul; the high Regard of Joy
and Bliss is with the Substance.) P. 132, chap. lv.: ”I saw that our
Substance is in God, and also I saw that in our Sense-soul God is.”
lvi. p. 135: ”The worshipful City that our Lord Jesus sitteth in, it is
our Sense-part, in which He is enclosed; and our Nature-Substance is
beclosed in Jesus, with the blessed Soul of Christ sitting in rest in
the Godhead.”


?We have now matter of mourning: for our sin is cause of Christ’s pains; and
we have, lastingly, matter of joy: for endless love made Him to suffer?

AND thus I saw that God rejoiceth that He is our Father, and God
rejoiceth that He is our Mother, and God rejoiceth that He is our Very
Spouse and our soul is His loved Wife. And Christ rejoiceth that He is
our Brother, and Jesus rejoiceth that He is our Saviour. These are five
high joys, as I understand, in which He willeth that we enjoy; Him
praising, Him thanking, Him loving, Him endlessly blessing.

All that shall be saved, we have in us, for the time of this life, a
marvellous mingling [194] both of weal and woe: we have in us our Lord
Jesus uprisen, we have in us the wretchedness and the mischief of
Adam’s falling, dying. By Christ we are steadfastly kept, and by His
grace touching us we are raised into sure trust of salvation. And by
Adam’s falling we are so broken, in our feeling, in diverse manners by
sins and by sundry pains, in which we are made dark, that scarsely we
can take any comfort.

But in our intent [195] we abide in God, and faithfully trust to have
mercy and grace; and this is His own working in us. And of His goodness
He openeth the eye of our understanding, by which we have sight,
sometime more and sometime less, according as God giveth ability to
receive. And now we are raised into the one, and now we are suffered to
fall into the other.

And thus is this medley so marvellous in us that scarsely we know of
our self or of our even-Christian in what way we stand, for the
marvellousness of this sundry feeling. But that same Holy Assent, that
we assent to God when we feel Him, truly setting our will to be with
Him, with all our heart, and with all our soul, and with all our might.
And then we hate and despise our evil stirrings and all that might be
occasion of sin, spiritual and bodily. [196] And yet nevertheless when
this sweetness is hid, we fall again into blindness, and so into woe
and tribulation in diverse manners. But then is this our comfort, that
we know in our faith that by virtue of Christ which is our Keeper, we
assent never thereto, but we groan there-against, and dure on, in pain
and woe, praying, unto that time that He sheweth Him again to us.

And thus we stand in this medley all the days of our life. But He
willeth that we trust that He is lastingly with us. And that in three
manner.–He is with us in Heaven, very Man, in His own Person, us
updrawing; and that was shewed in [the Shewing of] the Spiritual
Thirst. And He is with us in earth, us leading; and that was shewed in
the Third [Shewing], where I saw God in a Point. And He is with us in
our soul, endlessly dwelling, us ruling and keeping; and that was
shewed in the Sixteenth [Shewing], as I shall tell.

And thus in the Servant was shewed the scathe and blindness of Adam’s
falling; and in the Servant was shewed the wisdom and goodness of God’s
Son. And in the Lord was shewed the ruth and pity of Adam’s woe, and in
the Lord was shewed the high nobility and the endless worship that
Mankind is come to by the virtue of the Passion and death of His
dearworthy Son. And therefore mightily He joyeth in his falling for the
high raising and fulness of bliss that Mankind is come to, overpassing
that we should have had if he had not fallen.–And thus to see this
overpassing nobleness was mine understanding led into God in the same
time that I saw the Servant fall.

And thus we have, now, matter of mourning: for our sin is cause of
Christ’s pains; and we have, lastingly, matter of joy: for endless love
made Him to suffer. And therefore the creature that seeth and feeleth
the working of love by grace, hateth nought but sin: for of all things,
to my sight, love and hate are [the] hardest and most unmeasureable
contraries. And notwithstanding all this, I saw and understood in our
Lord’s meaning that we may not in this life keep us from sin as wholly
in full cleanness as we shall be in Heaven. But we may well by grace
keep us from the sins which would lead us to endless pains, as Holy
Church teacheth us; and eschew venial [ones] reasonably up to our
might. And if we by our blindness and our wretchedness any time fall,
we should readily rise, knowing the sweet touching of grace, and with
all our will amend us upon the teaching of Holy Church, according as
the sin is grievous, and go forthwith to God in love; and neither, on
the one side, fall over low, inclining to despair, nor, on the other
side, be over-reckless, as if we made no matter of it; but nakedly
acknowledge our feebleness, finding that we may not stand a twinkling
of an eye but by Keeping of grace, and reverently cleave to God, on Him
only trusting.

For after one wise is the Beholding by God, and after another wise is
the Beholding by man. For it belongeth to man meekly to accuse himself,
and it belongeth to the proper Goodness of our Lord God courteously to
excuse man. And these be two parts that were shewed in the double
Manner of Regard with which the Lord beheld the falling of His loved
Servant. The one was shewed outward, very meekly and mildly, with great
ruth and pity; and that of endless Love. And right thus willeth our
Lord that we accuse our self, earnestly and truly seeing and knowing
our falling and all the harms that come thereof; seeing and learning
that we can never restore it; and therewith that we earnestly and truly
see and know His everlasting love that He hath to us, and His plenteous
mercy. And thus graciously to see and know both together is the meek
accusing that our Lord asketh of us, and Himself worketh it where it
is. And this is the lower part of man’s life, and it was shewed in the
[Lord’s] outward manner of Regard. In which shewing I saw two parts:
the one is the rueful falling of man, the other is the worshipful
Satisfaction that our Lord hath made for man.

The other manner of Regard was shewed inward: and that was more highly
and all [fully] one. For the life and the virtue that we have in the
lower part is of the higher, and it cometh down to us [from out] of the
Natural love of the [high] Self, by [the working of] grace. Atwix [the
life of] the one and [the life of] the other there is right nought: for
it is all one love. Which one blessed love hath now, in us, double
working: for in the lower part are pains and passions, mercies and
forgiveness, and such other that are profitable; but in the higher part
are none of these, but all one high love and marvellous joy: in which
joy all pains are highly restored. And in this [time] our Lord showed
not only our Excusing [from blame, in His beholding of our higher
part], but the worshipful nobility that He shall bring us to [by the
working of grace in our lower part], turning all our blame [that is
therein, from our falling] into endless worship [when we be oned to the
high Self above].

[194] ”medlour,” ”medle.”

[195] ”menyng.”

[196] ”And thus is this medle so mervelous in us that onethys we knowen
of our selfe or of our evyn Cristen in what way we stonden for the
marveloushede of this sundry felyng. But that ilke holy assent that we
assenten to God when we feel hym truly willand to be with him with al
our herte, with al our soule and with al our myte, and than we haten
and dispisen our evil sterings and al that myte be occasion of synne
gostly and bodily.”


?In every soul that shall be saved is a Godly Will that never assented to sin,
nor ever shall.? ?Ere that He made us He loved us, and when we were made we
loved Him?

AND I saw that He willeth that we understand He taketh not harder the
falling of any creature that shall be saved than He took the falling of
Adam, which, we know, was endlessly loved and securely kept in the time
of all his need, and now is blissfully restored in high overpassing
joy. For our Lord is so good, so gentle, and so courteous, that He may
never assign default [in those] in whom He shall ever be blessed and

And in this that I have now told was my desire in part answered, and my
great difficulty [197] some deal eased, by the lovely, gracious Shewing
of our good Lord. In which Shewing I saw and understood full surely
that in every soul that shall be saved is a Godly Will that never
assented to sin, nor ever shall: which Will is so good that it may
never will evil, but evermore continually it willeth good; and worketh
good in the sight of God. Therefore our Lord willeth that we know this
in the Faith and the belief; and especially that we have all this
blessed Will whole and safe in our Lord Jesus Christ. For that same
Kind [198] that Heaven shall be filled with behoveth needs, of God’s
rightfulness, so to have been knit and oned to Him, that therein was
kept a Substance which might never, nor should, be parted from Him; and
that through His own Good Will in His endless foreseeing purpose.

But notwithstanding this rightful knitting and this endless oneing, yet
the redemption and the again-buying of mankind is needful and speedful
in everything, as it is done for the same intent and to the same end
that Holy Church in our Faith us teacheth.

For I saw that God began never to love mankind: for right the same that
mankind shall be in endless bliss, fulfilling the joy of God as anent
His works, right so the same, mankind hath been in the foresight of
God: known and loved from without beginning in his [199] rightful
intent. By the endless assent of the full accord of all the Trinity,
the Mid-Person willed to be Ground and Head of this fair Kind: out of
Whom we be all come, in Whom we be all enclosed, into Whom we shall all
wend, [200] in Him finding our full Heaven in everlasting joy, by the
foreseeing purpose of all the blessed Trinity from without beginning.

For ere that He made us He loved us, and when we were made we loved
Him. And this is a Love that is made, [to our Kindly Substance], [by
virtue] of the Kindly Substantial Goodness of the Holy Ghost; Mighty,
in Reason, [by virtue] of the Might of the Father; and Wise, in Mind,
[by virtue] of the Wisdom of the Son. And thus is Man’s Soul made by
God and in the same point knit to God.

And thus I understand that man’s Soul is made of nought: that is to
say, it is made, but of nought that is made. And thus:–When God should
make man’s body He took the clay of earth, which is a matter mingled
and gathered of all bodily things; and thereof He made man’s body. But
to the making of man’s Soul He would take right nought, but made it.
And thus is the Nature-made rightfully oned to the Maker, which is
Substantial Nature not-made: that is, God. And therefore it is that
there may nor shall be right nought atwix God and man’s Soul.

And in this endless Love man’s Soul is kept whole, as the matter of the
Revelations signifieth and sheweth: in which endless Love we be led and
kept of God and never shall be lost. For He willeth we be aware that
our Soul is a life, which life of His Goodness and His Grace shall last
in Heaven without end, Him loving, Him thanking, Him praising. And
right the same that we shall be without end, the same we were treasured
in God and hid, known and loved from without beginning.

Wherefore He would have us understand that the noblest thing that ever
He made is mankind: and the fullest Substance and the highest Virtue is
the blessed Soul of Christ. And furthermore He would have us understand
that His [201] dearworthy Soul [of Manhood] was preciously knit to Him
in the making [by Him of Manhood’s Substantial Nature] which knot is so
subtle and so mighty that (it) [202] –[man’s soul]–is oned into God:
in which oneing it is made endlessly holy. Furthermore He would have us
know that all the souls that shall be saved in Heaven without end, are
knit and oned in this oneing and made holy in this holiness.

[197] ”awer” = awe, travail of perplexity, dilemma — see p 106.

[198] Man’s nature.

[199] Or (it may be): ”In His Rightful Intent . . . the Mid-Person
willed. . .”

[200] ”wynden.”

[201] S. de Cressy has ”this”; the word in the MS. is more like ”his.”

[202] The pronoun ”it” given by S. de Cressy is omitted in the MS. The
meaning is, perhaps, that the Manhood-Substance, or Soul of Christ, was
in its making, by the Second Person in the Trinity, so united to
Himself that Man’s Substance and each man’s soul (in salvation), being
one with it, are one with God the Son. See li. p. 117.


?Faith is nought else but a right understanding, with true belief and sure
trust, of our Being: that we are in God, and God is in us: Whom we see not?

AND because of this great, endless love that God hath to all Mankind,
He maketh no disparting in love between the blessed Soul of Christ and
the least soul that shall be saved. For it is full easy to believe and
to trust that the dwelling of the blessed Soul of Christ is full high
in the glorious Godhead, and verily, as I understand in our Lord’s
signifying, where the blessed Soul of Christ is, there is the Substance
of all the souls that shall be saved by Christ.

Highly ought we to rejoice that God dwelleth in our soul, and much more
highly ought we to rejoice that our soul dwelleth in God. Our soul is
made to be God’s dwelling-place; and the dwelling-place of the soul is
God, Which is unmade. And high understanding it is, inwardly to see and
know that God, which is our Maker, dwelleth in our soul; and an higher
understanding it is, inwardly to see and to know that our soul, that is
made, dwelleth in God’s Substance: of which Substance, God, we are that
we are.

And I saw no difference between God and our Substance: but as it were
all God; and yet mine understanding took that our Substance is in God:
that is to say, that God is God, and our Substance is a creature in
God. For the Almighty Truth of the Trinity is our Father: for He made
us and keepeth us in Him; and the deep Wisdom of the Trinity is our
Mother, in Whom we are all enclosed; the high Goodness of the Trinity
is our Lord, and in Him we are enclosed, and He in us. We are enclosed
in the Father, and we are enclosed in the Son, and we are enclosed in
the Holy Ghost. And the Father is enclosed in us, and the Son is
enclosed in us, and the Holy Ghost is enclosed in us: Almightiness,
All-Wisdom, All-Goodness: one God, one Lord.

And our faith is a Virtue that cometh of our Nature-Substance into our
Sense-soul by the Holy Ghost; in which all our virtues come to us: for
without that, no man may receive virtue. For it is nought else but a
right understanding, with true belief, and sure trust, of our Being:
that we are in God, and God in us, Whom we see not. And this virtue,
with all other that God hath ordained to us coming therein, worketh in
us great things. For Christ’s merciful working is in us, and we
graciously accord to Him through the gifts and the virtues of the Holy
Ghost. This working maketh that we are Christ’s children, and Christian
in living.


?Christ is our Way?–?Mankind shall be restored from double death?

AND thus Christ is our Way, us surely leading in His laws, and Christ
in His body mightily beareth us up into heaven. For I saw that Christ,
us all having in Him that shall be saved by Him, worshipfully
presenteth His Father in heaven with us; which present full thankfully
His Father receiveth, and courteously giveth it to His Son, Jesus
Christ: which gift and working is joy to the Father, and bliss to the
Son, and pleasing to the Holy Ghost. And of all things that belong to
us [to do], it is most pleasing to our Lord that we enjoy in this joy
which is in the blessed Trinity [in virtue] of our salvation. (And this
was seen in the Ninth Shewing, where it speaketh more of this matter.)
And notwithstanding all our feeling of woe or weal, God willeth that we
should understand and hold [203] by faith that we are more verily in
heaven than in earth.

Our Faith cometh of the natural Love of our soul, and of the clear
light of our Reason, and of the steadfast Mind which we have from [204]
God in our first making. And what time that our soul is inspired into
our body, in which we are made sensual, so soon mercy and grace begin
to work, having of us care and keeping with pity and love: in which
working the Holy Ghost formeth, in our Faith, Hope that we shall come
again up above to our Substance, into the Virtue of Christ, increased
and fulfilled through the Holy Ghost. Thus I understood that the
sense-soul is grounded in Nature, in Mercy, and in Grace: which Ground
enableth us to receive gifts that lead us to endless life.

For I saw full assuredly that our Substance is in God, and also I saw
that in our sense-soul God is: for in the self-[same] point that our
Soul is made sensual, in the self-[same] point is the City of God
ordained to Him from without beginning; into which seat He cometh, and
never shall remove [from] it. For God is never out of the soul: in
which He dwelleth blissfully without end. And this was seen in the
Sixteenth Shewing where it saith: The place that Jesus taketh in our
soul, He shall never remove [from] it. And all the gifts that God may
give to creatures, He hath given to His Son Jesus for us: which gifts
He, dwelling in us, hath enclosed in Him unto the time that we be waxen
and grown,–our soul with our body and our body with our soul, either
of them taking help of other,–till we be brought up unto stature, as
nature worketh. And then, in the ground of nature, with working of
mercy, the Holy Ghost graciously inspireth into us gifts leading to
endless life.

And thus was my understanding led of God to see in Him and to
understand, to perceive and to know, that our soul is made-trinity
[205] , like to the unmade blissful Trinity, [206] known and loved from
without beginning, and in the making oned to the Maker, as it is
aforesaid. This sight was full sweet and marvellous to behold,
peaceable, restful, sure, and delectable.

And because of the worshipful oneing that was thus made by God betwixt
the soul and body, it behoveth needs to be that mankind shall be
restored from double death: which restoring might never be until the
time that the Second Person in the Trinity had taken the lower [207]
part of man’s nature; to Whom the highest [208] [part] was oned in the
First-making. And these two parts were in Christ, the higher and the
lower: which is but one Soul; the higher part was one in peace with
God, in full joy and bliss; the lower part, which is sense-nature,
[209] suffered for the salvation of mankind.

And these two parts [in Christ] were seen and felt in the Eighth
Shewing, in which my body was fulfilled with feeling and mind of
Christ’s Passion and His death, and furthermore with this was a subtile
feeling and privy inward sight of the High Part which I was shewed in
the same time when I could not, [even] for the friendly [210] proffer
[made to me], look up into Heaven: and that was because of that mighty
beholding [that I had] of the Inward Life. Which Inward Life is that
High Substance, that precious Soul, [of Christ], which is endlessly
rejoicing in the Godhead.

[203] ”feythyn.”

[204] ”of.”

[205] ”sensualite.”

[206] Wisdom, Truth, Love or Goodness, p. 93.

[207] the Sense-soul.

[208] the Substance.

[209] ”sensualite.”

[210] ”wher I myte not for the mene profir lokyn up on to hevyn.”
”mene” = medium, is perhaps a sub. in the gen. = intervenor’s,
intermediary’s. See xix. p. 42 and xxxv. p. 70, S. de Cressy has:
”Where I might not for the mean profer look up”; Collins: ”for the


?God is nearer to us than our own soul?

?We can never come to full knowing of God till we know first clearly our own

AND thus I saw full surely that it is readier to us to come to the
knowing of God than to know our own Soul. For our Soul is so
deep-grounded in God, and so endlessly treasured, that we may not come
to the knowing thereof till we have first knowing of God, which is the
Maker, to whom it is oned. But, notwithstanding, I saw that we have,
for fulness, to desire wisely and truly to know our own Soul: whereby
we are learned to seek it where it is, and that is, in God. And thus by
gracious leading of the Holy Ghost, we should know them both in one:
whether we be stirred to know God or our Soul, both [these stirrings]
are good and true.

God is nearer to us than our own Soul: for He is [the] Ground in whom
our Soul standeth, and He is [the] Mean that keepeth the Substance and
the Sense-nature together so that they shall never dispart. For our
soul sitteth in God in very rest, and our soul standeth in God in very
strength, and our Soul is kindly rooted in God in endless love: and
therefore if we will have knowledge of our Soul, and communing and
dalliance therewith, it behoveth to seek unto our Lord God in whom it
is enclosed. (And of this enclosement I saw and understood more in the
Sixteenth Shewing, as I shall tell.)

And as anent our Substance and our Sense-part, both together may
rightly be called our Soul: [211] and that is because of the oneing
that they have in God. The worshipful City that our Lord Jesus sitteth
in is our Sense-soul, in which He is enclosed: and our Kindly Substance
is enclosed in Jesus with the blessed Soul of Christ sitting in rest in
the Godhead.

And I saw full surely that it behoveth needs to be that we should be in
longing and in penance unto the time that we be led so deep into God
that we verily and truly know our own Soul. And truly I saw that into
this high deepness our good Lord Himself leadeth us in the same love
that He made us, and in the same love that He bought us by Mercy and
Grace through virtue of His blessed Passion. And notwithstanding all
this, we may never come to full knowing of God till we know first
clearly our own Soul. For until the time that our Soul is in its full
powers [212] we cannot be all fully holy: and that is [until the time]
that our Sense-soul by the virtue of Christ’s Passion be brought up to
the Substance, with all the profits of our tribulation that our Lord
shall make us to get by Mercy and Grace.

I [213] had, in part, [experience of the] Touching [of God in the
soul], and it is grounded in Nature. That is to say, our Reason is
grounded in God, which is Substantial Naturehood. [214] [Out] of this
Substantial Naturehood Mercy and Grace springeth and spreadeth into us,
working all things in fulfilling of our joy: these are our Ground in
which we have our Increase and our Fulfilling.

These be three properties in one Goodness: and where one worketh, all
work in the things which be now belonging to us. God willeth that we
understand [this], desiring with all our heart to have knowing of them
more and more unto the time that we be fulfilled: for fully to know
them is nought else but endless joy and bliss that we shall have in
Heaven, which God willeth should be begun here in knowing of His love.

For only by our Reason we may not profit, but if we have evenly
therewith Mind and Love: nor only in our Nature-Ground that we have in
God we may not be saved but if we have, coming of the same Ground,
Mercy and Grace. For of these three working all together we receive all
our Goodness. Of the which the first [gifts] are goods of Nature: for
in our First making God gave us as full goods as we might receive in
our spirit alone, [215] and also greater goods; but His foreseeing
purpose in His endless wisdom willed that we should be double.

[211] ”and anempts our substance and sensualite it may rytely be clepid
our soule.”

[212] ”the full myts.”

[213] ”I had in partie touching and it is grounded in kynd: that is to
sey, our reson is groundid in God, which is substantial kyndhede.”

[214] ”I had in partie touching and it is grounded in kynd: that is to
sey, our reson is groundid in God, which is substantial kyndhede.”

[215] ”for in our first makyng God gaf us as ful goods and also greter
godes as we myte receivin only in our spirite.” In the MS. the word
”spirit” is used only here, where it means ”the Substance.”


?In Christ our two natures are united?

AND anent our Substance He made us noble, and so rich that evermore we
work His will and His worship. (Where I say ?we,? it meaneth Man that
shall be saved.) For soothly I saw that we are that which He loveth,
and do that which Him pleaseth, lastingly without any stinting: and
[that by virtue] of the great riches and of the high noble virtues by
measure come to our soul what time it is knit to our body: in which
knitting we are made Sensual.

And thus in our Substance we are full, and in our Sense-soul we fail:
which failing God will restore and fulfil by working of Mercy and Grace
plenteously flowing into us out of His own Nature-Goodness. [216] And
thus His Nature-Goodness maketh that Mercy and Grace work in us, and
the Nature-goodness that we have of Him enableth us to receive the
working of Mercy and Grace.

I saw that our nature is in God whole: in which [whole nature of
Manhood] He maketh diversities flowing out of Him to work His will:
whom Nature keepeth, and Mercy and Grace restoreth and fulfilleth. And
of these none shall perish: for our nature that is the higher part is
knit to God, in the making; and God is knit to our nature that is the
lower part, in our flesh-taking: and thus in Christ our two natures are
oned. For the Trinity is comprehended in Christ, in whom our higher
part is grounded and rooted; and our lower part the Second Person hath
taken: which nature first to Him was made-ready. [217] For I saw full
surely that all the works that God hath done, or ever shall, were fully
known to Him and aforeseen from without beginning. And for Love He made
Mankind, and for the same Love would be Man.

The next [218] Good that we receive is our Faith, in which our
profiting beginneth. And it cometh [out] of the high riches of our
nature-Substance into our Sensual soul, and it is grounded in us
through the Nature-Goodness of God, by the working of Mercy and Grace.
And thereof come all other goods by which we are led and saved. For the
Commandments of God come therein: in which we ought to have two manners
of understanding: [the one is that we ought to understand and know]
which are His biddings, to love and to keep them; the other is that we
ought to know His forbiddings, to hate and to refuse them. For in these
two is all our working comprehended. Also in our faith come the Seven
Sacraments, each following other in order as God hath ordained them to
us: and all manner of virtues.

For the same virtues that we have received of our Substance, given to
us in Nature by the Goodness of God,–the same virtues by the working
of Mercy are given to us in Grace through the Holy Ghost, renewed:
which virtues and gifts are treasured to us in Jesus Christ. For in
that same [219] time that God knitted Himself to our body in the
Virgin’s womb, He took our Sensual soul: [220] in which taking He, us
all having enclosed in Him, oned it to our Substance: in which oneing
He was perfect Man. For Christ having knit in Him each [221] man that
shall be saved, is perfect Man. Thus our Lady is our Mother in whom we
are all enclosed and of her born, [222] in Christ: (for she that is
Mother of our Saviour is Mother of all that shall be saved in our
Saviour;) and our Saviour is our Very Mother in whom we be endlessly
borne, [223] and never shall come out of Him.

Plenteously and fully and sweetly was this shewed, and it is spoken of
in the First, where it saith: We are all in Him enclosed and He is
enclosed in us. And that [enclosing of Him in us] is spoken of in the
Sixteenth Shewing where it saith: He sitteth in our soul.

For it is His good-pleasure to reign in our Understanding blissfully,
and sit in our Soul restfully, and to dwell in our Soul endlessly, us
all working into Him: in which working He willeth that we be His
helpers, giving to Him all our attending, learning His lores, keeping
His laws, desiring that all be done that He doeth; truly trusting in

For soothly I saw that our Substance is in God [224] .

[216] ”kynde godhede.”

[217] ”adyte.”

[218] or the first.

[219] ”ilk” = ”same.”

[220] Here, as above, the MS. term for the ”Sensual soul” is the

[221] ”ilk” = ”each.”

[222] The MS. word is in both cases ”borne,” which may mean either born
or borne. S. de Cressy gives ”born” both for the first word and the
second. See lx. ”He sustaineth us within Himself in love,” etc.; and
lxiii. ”In the taking of our nature He quickened us,” etc.

[223] See foot-note 4, p. 139.

[224] From The Scale [or Ladder] of Perfection, by Walter Hilton
(Fourteenth century), edition of 1659, Part III. ch. ii.:– ”The soule
of a man is a life consisting of three powers, Memory, Understanding,
and Will, after the image and likeness of the blessed Trinity….
Whereby you may see, that man’s soule (which may be called a created
Trinity) was in its natural state replenished in its three powers, with
the remembrance, sight, and love of the most blessed uncreated Trinity,
which is God…. But when Adam sinned, choosing love and delight in
himselfe, and in the creatures, he lost all his excellency and dignity,
and thou also in him.” Ch. III. Sec. i. ”And though we should prove not
to be able to recover it fully here in this life, yet should we desire
and endeavour to recover the image and likeness of the dignity we had,
so that our soul might be reformed as it were in a shadow by grace to
the image of the Trinity which we had by nature, and hereafter shall
have fully in bliss…” Sec ii. ”Seeke then that which thou hast lost,
that thou mayest finde it; for well I wote. whosoever once hath an
inward sight, but a little of that dignity and that spirituall fairness
which a soul hath by creation, and shall have again by grace, he will
loath in his heart all the blisse, the liking, and the fairnesse of
this world…. Nevertheless as thou hast not as yet seen what it is
fully, for thy spiritual eye is not yet opened, I shall tell thee one
word for all, in the which thou shalt seeke, desire, and finde it; for
in that one word is all that thou hast lost. This word is Jesus…. If
thou feelest in thy heart a great desire to Jesus . . . then seekest
thou well thy Lord Jesus. And when thou feelest this desire to God, or
to Jesus (for it is all one) holpen and comforted by a ghostly might,
insomuch that it is turned into love, affection, and spiritual fervour
and sweetnesse, into light and knowing of truth, so that for the time
the point of thy thought is set upon no other created thing, nor
feeleth any stirring of vain-glory, nor of selfe-love, nor any other
evill affection (for they cannot appear at that time) but this thy
desire is onely enclosed, rested, softened, suppled, and annoynted in
Jesus, then hast thou found somewhat of Jesus; I mean not him as he is,
but a shadow of him; for the better that thou findest him, the more
shalt thou desire him. Then observe by what manner of Prayer or
Meditation or exercise of Devotion thou findest greatest and purest
desire stirred up in thee to him, and most feeling of him, by that kind
of prayer, exercise, or worke seekest thou him best, and shalt best
finde him…. ”See then the mercy and courtesie of Jesus. Thou hast
lost him, but where? soothly in thy house, that is to say, in thy soul,
that if thou hadst lost all thy reason of thy soule, by its first
sinne, thou shouldst never have found him again; but he left thee thy
reason and so he is still in thy soule, and never is quite lost out of
it. ”Nevertheless, thou art never the nearer him, till thou hast found
him. He is in thee, though he be lost from thee, but thou art not in
him, till thou hast found him. This is his mercy also, that he would
suffer himself to be lost onely where he may be found, so that thou
needest not run to Rome, nor to Jerusalem to seeke him there, but turne
thy thoughts into thy owne soule, where he is hid, as the Prophet
saith; Truly thou art the hidden God, hid in thy soule, and seek him
there Thus saith he himselfe in the Gospel; The kingdome of heaven is
likened to a treasure hid in the field, the which when a man findeth,
for joy thereof, he goeth and selleth all that he hath, and buyeth that
field ”As long as Jesus findeth not his image reformed in thee, he is
strange, and the farther from thee: therefore frame and shape thyself
to be arrayed in his likenesse, that is in humility and charity, which
are his liveries, and then will he know thee, and familiarly come to
thee, and acquaint thee with his secrets. Thus saith he to his
Disciples; Who so loveth me, he shall be loved of my Father, and I will
manifest my selfe unto him. There is not any vertue nor any good work
that can make thee like to our Lord, without Humility and Charity, for
these two above all other are most acceptable (‘most leyf’) to him,
which appeareth plainly in the Gospel, where our Lord speaketh of
humility thus; Learn of me, for I am meeke and humble in heart. He
saith not, learn of me to go barefoot, or to go into the desart, and
there to fast forty dayes, nor yet to choose to your selves Disciples
(as I did) but learne of me meeknesse, for I am meek and lowly in
heart. Also of charity he saith thus; This is my Commandment, that ye
love one another as I loved you, for by that shall men know you for my
Disciples. Not that you worke miracles, or cast out Devills, or preach,
or teach, but that each one of you love one another in charity. If
therefore thou wilt be like him, have humility and charity. Now thou
knowest what charity is, viz. To love thy neighbour as thy selfe.”
Chap. IV. Sec. i. … ”Now I shall tell thee (according to my feeble
ability) how thou mayest enter into thy selfe to see the ground of sin,
and destroy it as much as thou canst, and so recover a part of thy
souls dignity…. Draw in thy thoughts … and set thy intent and full
purpose, as if thou wouldst not seek nor find any thing but onely the
grace and spiritual presence of Jesus.” ”This will be painful; for
vaine thoughts will presse into thy heart very thick, to draw thy minde
down to them. And in doing thus, thou shalt find somewhat, but not
Jesus whom thou seekest, but onely a naked remembrance of his name. But
what then shalt thou finde? Surely this; A darke and ill-favoured image
of thy owne soule, which hath neither light of knowledge nor feeling of
love of God…. This is not the image of Jesus, but the image of sin,
which St Paul calleth a body of sinne and of death…. Peradventure now
thou beginnest to thinke with thy selfe what this image is like, and
that thou shouldst not study much upon it, I will tell thee. It is like
no bodily thing; What is it then saist thou? Verily it is nought, or no
reall thing, as thou shalt finde, if thou try by doing as I have
spoken, that is, draw in thy thoughts into thy selfe from all bodily
things, and then shalt thou find right nought wherein thy soule may
rest. ”This nothing is nought else but darknesse of conscience, and a
lacking of the love of God and of light; as sin is nought but a want of
good, if it were so that the ground of sin was much abated and dryed up
in thee, and thy soule was reformed right as the image of Jesus; then
if thou didst draw into thy selfe thy heart, thou shouldst not find
this Nought, but thou shouldst find Jesus; not only the naked
remembrance of this name, but Jesus Christ in thy soule readily
teaching thee, thou shouldst there find light of understanding, and no
darknesse of ignorance, a love and liking of him; and no pain of
bitternesse, heavinesse, or tediousenesse of him…. ”And here also
thou must beware that thou take Jesus Christ into thy thoughts against
this darknesse in thy mind, by busie prayer and fervent desire to God,
not setting the point of thy thoughts on that foresaid Nought, but on
Jesus Christ whom thou desirest. Think stiffly on his passion, and on
his Humility, and through his might thou shalt arise. Do as if thou
wouldst beate downe this darke image, and go through-stitch with it.
Thou shalt hate (‘agryse’) and loath this darknesse and this Nought,
just as the Devill, and thou shalt despise and all to break it (‘brest
it’). ”For within this Nought is Jesus hid in his joy, whom thou shalt
not finde with all thy seeking, unlesse thou passe this darknesse of
conscience. ”This is the ghostly travel I spake of, and the cause of
all this writing is to stir thee thereto, if thou have grace. This
darknesse of conscience, and this Nought is the image of the first
Adam: St Paul knew it well, for he said thus of it; As we have before
borne the image of the earthly man, that is the first Adam, right so
that we might now beare the image of the heavenly man, which is Jesus,
the second Adam. St Paul bare this image oft full heavily, for it was
so cumbersome to him, that he cryed out of it, saying thus; O who shall
deliver me from this body and this image of death. And then he
comforted himselfe and others also thus: The grace of God through Jesus


?All our life is in three: Nature, Mercy, Grace.’ The high Might of the
Trinity is our Father, and the deep Wisdom of the Trinity is our Mother, and
the great Love of the Trinity is our Lord?

GOD, the blessed Trinity, which is everlasting Being, right as He is
endless from without beginning, right so it was in His purpose endless,
to make Mankind.

Which fair Kind first was prepared [225] to His own Son, the Second
Person. And when He would, by full accord of all the Trinity, He made
us all at once; and in our making He knit us and oned us to Himself: by
which oneing we are kept as clear and as noble as we were made. By the
virtue of the same precious oneing, we love our Maker and seek Him,
praise Him and thank Him, and endlessly enjoy Him. And this is the work
which is wrought continually in every soul that shall be saved: which
is the Godly Will aforesaid. And thus in our making, God, Almighty, is
our Nature’s Father; and God, All-Wisdom, is our Nature’s Mother; with
the Love and the Goodness of the Holy Ghost: which is all one God, one
Lord. And in the knitting and the oneing He is our Very, True Spouse,
and we His loved Wife, His Fair Maiden: with which Wife He is never
displeased. For He saith: I love thee and thou lovest me, and our love
shall never be disparted in two.

I beheld the working of all the blessed Trinity: in which beholding I
saw and understood these three properties: the property of the
Fatherhood, the property of the Motherhood, and the property of the
Lordhood, in one God. In our Father Almighty we have our keeping and
our bliss as anent our natural Substance, which is to us by our making,
without beginning. And in the Second Person in skill [226] and wisdom
we have our keeping as anent our Sense-soul: our restoring and our
saving; for He is our Mother, Brother, and Saviour. And in our good
Lord, the Holy Ghost, we have our rewarding and our meed-giving for our
living and our travail, and endless overpassing of all that we desire,
in His marvellous courtesy, of His high plenteous grace.

For all our life is in three: in the first we have our Being, in the
second we have our Increasing, and in the third we have our Fulfilling:
the first is Nature, the second is Mercy, and the third is Grace.

For the first, I understood that the high Might of the Trinity is our
Father, and the deep Wisdom of the Trinity is our Mother, and the great
Love of the Trinity is our Lord: and all this have we in Nature and in
the making of our Substance [227] .

And furthermore I saw that the Second Person, which is our Mother as
anent the Substance, that same dearworthy Person is become our Mother
as anent the Sense-soul. For we are double by God’s making: that is to
say, Substantial and Sensual. Our Substance is the higher part, which
we have in our Father, God Almighty; and the Second Person of the
Trinity is our Mother in Nature, in making of our Substance: in whom we
are grounded and rooted. And He is our Mother in Mercy, in taking of
our Sense-part. And thus our Mother is to us in diverse manners
working: in whom our parts are kept undisparted. For in our Mother
Christ we profit and increase, and in Mercy He reformeth us and
restoreth, and, by the virtue of His Passion and His Death and
Uprising, oneth us to our Substance. Thus worketh our Mother in Mercy
to all His children which are to Him yielding [228] and obedient.

And Grace worketh with Mercy, and specially in two properties, as it
was shewed: which working belongeth to the Third Person, the Holy
Ghost. He worketh rewarding and giving. Rewarding is a large
giving-of-truth that the Lord doeth to him that hath travailed; and
giving is a courteous working which He doeth freely of Grace,
fulfilling and overpassing all that is deserved of creatures.

Thus in our Father, God Almighty, we have our being; and in our Mother
of Mercy we have our reforming and restoring: in whom our Parts are
oned and all made perfect Man; and by [reward]-yielding and giving in
Grace of the Holy Ghost, we are fulfilled.

And our Substance is [in] [229] our Father, God Almighty, and our
Substance is [in] [230] our Mother, God, All-wisdom; and our Substance
is in our Lord the Holy Ghost, God All-goodness. For our Substance is
whole in each Person of the Trinity, which is one God. And our
Sense-soul is only in the Second Person Christ Jesus; in whom is the
Father and the Holy Ghost: and in Him and by Him we are mightily taken
out of Hell, and out of the wretchedness in Earth worshipfully brought
up into Heaven and blissfully oned to our Substance: increased in
riches and in nobleness by all the virtues of Christ, and by the grace
and working of the Holy Ghost.

[225] MS. ”adyte to” = ordained to, made ready for.

[226] MS. ”Witt.”

[227] ”in our substantiall makyng.”

[228] ”buxum.”

[229] S. de Cressy gives the ”in” twice missed in the Brit. Mus. MS.

[230] S. de Cressy gives the ”in” twice missed in the Brit. Mus. MS.


?Jesus Christ that doeth Good against evil is our Very Mother: we have our
Being of Him where the Ground of Motherhood beginneth,–with all the sweet
Keeping by Love, that endlessly followeth.?

AND all this bliss we have by Mercy and Grace: which manner of bliss we
might never have had nor known but if that property of Goodness which
is God had been contraried: whereby we have this bliss. For wickedness
hath been suffered to rise contrary to the Goodness, and the Goodness
of Mercy and Grace contraried against the wickedness and turned all to
goodness and to worship, to all these that shall be saved. For it is
the property in God which doeth good against evil. Thus Jesus Christ
that doeth good against evil is our Very Mother: we have our Being of
Him,–where the Ground of Motherhood beginneth,–with all the sweet
Keeping of Love that endlessly followeth. As verily as God is our
Father, so verily God is our Mother; and that shewed He in all, and
especially in these sweet words where He saith: I it am. [231] That is
to say, I it am, the Might and the Goodness of the Fatherhood; I it am,
the Wisdom of the Motherhood; I it am, the Light and the Grace that is
all blessed Love: I it am, the Trinity, I it am, the Unity: I am the
sovereign Goodness of all manner of things. I am that maketh thee to
love: I am that maketh thee to long: I it am, the endless fulfilling of
all true desires.

For there the soul is highest, noblest, and worthiest, where it is
lowest, meekest, and mildest: and [out] of this Substantial Ground we
have all our virtues in our Sense-part by gift of Nature, by helping
and speeding of Mercy and Grace: without the which we may not profit.

Our high Father, God Almighty, which is Being, He knew and loved us
from afore any time: of which knowing, in His marvellous deep charity
and the foreseeing counsel of all the blessed Trinity, He willed that
the Second Person should become our Mother. Our Father [willeth], our
Mother worketh, our good Lord the Holy Ghost confirmeth: and therefore
it belongeth to us to love our God in whom we have our being: Him
reverently thanking and praising for [232] our making, mightily praying
to our Mother for [233] mercy and pity, and to our Lord the Holy Ghost
for [234] help and grace.

For in these three is all our life: Nature, Mercy, Grace: whereof we
have meekness and mildness; patience and pity; and hating of sin and of
wickedness,–for it belongeth properly to virtue to hate sin and
wickedness. And thus is Jesus our Very Mother in Nature [by virtue] of
our first making; and He is our Very Mother in Grace, by taking our
nature made. All the fair working, and all the sweet natural office of
dearworthy Motherhood is impropriated [235] to the Second Person: for
in Him we have this Godly Will whole and safe without end, both in
Nature and in Grace, of His own proper Goodness. I understood three
manners of beholding of Motherhood in God: the first is grounded in our
Nature’s making; the second is taking of our nature,– and there
beginneth the Motherhood of Grace; the third is Motherhood of
working,–and therein is a forthspreading by the same Grace, of length
and breadth and height and of deepness without end. And all is one

[231] It is I.

[232] MS ”of.”

[233] MS ”of.”

[234] MS ”of.”

[235] Or ”appropriated to”; MS. ”impropried” = made to be the property
of; assigned and consigned to.


?The Kind, loving, Mother?

BUT now behoveth to say a little more of this forthspreading, as I
understand in the meaning of our Lord: how that we be brought again by
the Motherhood of Mercy and Grace into our Nature’s place, where that
we were made by the Motherhood of Nature-Love: which Kindly-love, it
never leaveth us.

Our Kind Mother, our Gracious Mother, [236] for that He would all
wholly become our Mother in all things, He took the Ground of His Works
full low and full mildly in the Maiden’s womb. (And that He shewed in
the First [Shewing] where He brought that meek Maid afore the eye of
mine understanding in the simple stature as she was when she
conceived.) That is to say: our high God is sovereign Wisdom of all: in
this low place He arrayed and dight Him full ready in our poor flesh,
Himself to do the service and the office of Motherhood in all things.

The Mother’s service is nearest, readiest, and surest: [nearest, for it
is most of nature; readiest, for it is most of love; and surest ] [237]
for it is most of truth. This office none might, nor could, nor ever
should do to the full, but He alone. We know that all our mothers’
bearing is [bearing of] us to pain and to dying: and what is this but
that our Very Mother, Jesus, He–All-Love–beareth us to joy and to
endless living?–blessed may He be! Thus He sustaineth [238] us within
Himself in love; and travailed, unto the full time that He would suffer
the sharpest throes and the most grievous pains that ever were or ever
shall be; and died at the last. And when He had finished, and so borne
us to bliss, yet might not all this make full content to His marvellous
love; and that sheweth He in these high overpassing words of love: If I
might suffer more, I would suffer more.

He might no more die, but He would not stint of working: wherefore then
it behoveth Him to feed us; for the dearworthy love of Motherhood hath
made Him debtor to us. The mother may give her child suck of her milk,
but our precious Mother, Jesus, He may feed us with Himself, and doeth
it, full courteously and full tenderly, with the Blessed Sacrament that
is precious food of my life; and with all the sweet Sacraments He
sustaineth us full mercifully and graciously. And so meant He in this
blessed word where that He said: It is I [239] that Holy Church
preacheth thee and teacheth thee. That is to say: All the health and
life of Sacraments, all the virtue and grace of my Word, all the
Goodness that is ordained in Holy Church for thee, it is I. The Mother
may lay the child tenderly to her breast, but our tender Mother, Jesus,
He may homely lead us into His blessed breast, by His sweet open side,
and shew therein part of the Godhead and the joys of Heaven, with
spiritual sureness of endless bliss. And that shewed He in the Tenth
[Shewing], giving the same understanding in this sweet word where He
saith: Lo! how I loved thee; looking unto [the Wound in] His side,

This fair lovely word Mother, it is so sweet and so close in Nature of
itself [240] that it may not verily be said of none but of Him; and to
her that is very Mother of Him and of all. To the property of
Motherhood belongeth natural love, wisdom, and knowing; and it is good:
for though it be so that our bodily forthbringing be but little, low,
and simple in regard of our spiritual forthbringing, yet it is He that
doeth it in the creatures by whom that it is done. The Kindly, [241]
loving Mother that witteth and knoweth the need of her child, she
keepeth it full tenderly, as the nature and condition of Motherhood
will. And as it waxeth in age, she changeth her working, but not her
love. And when it is waxen of more age, she suffereth that it be beaten
[242] in breaking down of vices, to make the child receive virtues and
graces. This working, with all that be fair and good, our Lord doeth it
in them by whom it is done: thus He is our Mother in Nature by the
working of Grace in the lower part for love of the higher part. And He
willeth that we know this: for He will have all our love fastened to
Him. And in this I saw that all our duty that we owe, by God’s bidding,
to Fatherhood and Motherhood, for [reason of] God’s Fatherhood and
Motherhood is fulfilled in true loving of God; which blessed love
Christ worketh in us. And this was shewed in all [the Revelations] and
especially in the high plenteous words where He saith: It is I that
thou lovest.

[236] Our Mother by Nature, our Mother in Grace.

[237] These clauses, probably omitted by mistake, are in S. de Cressy’s

[238] S. de Cressy has ”sustained.” See lvii. p. 139.

[239] ”I it am.”

[240] ”so kynd of the self.”

[241] ”kynde,” ”kind.”

[242] ”bristinid.”


?By the assay of this falling we shall have an high marvellous knowing of Love
in God, without end. For strong and marvellous is that love which may not, nor
will not, be broken for trespass?

AND in our spiritual forthbringing He useth more tenderness of keeping,
without any likeness: by as much as our soul is of more price in His
sight. He kindleth our understanding, He directeth our ways, He easeth
our conscience, He comforteth our soul, He lighteneth our heart, and
giveth us, in part, knowing and believing in His blissful Godhead, with
gracious mind in His sweet Manhood and His blessed Passion, with
reverent marvelling in His high, overpassing Goodness; and maketh us to
love all that He loveth, for His love, and to be well-pleased with Him
and all His works. And when we fall, hastily He raiseth us by His
lovely calling [243] and gracious touching. And when we be thus
strengthened by His sweet working, then we with all our will choose
Him, by His sweet grace, to be His servants and His lovers lastingly
without end.

And after this He suffereth some of us to fall more hard and more
grievously than ever we did afore, as us thinketh. And then ween we
(who be not all wise) that all were nought that we have begun. But this
is not so. For it needeth us to fall, and it needeth us to see it. For
if we never fell, we should not know how feeble and how wretched we are
of our self, and also we should not fully know that marvellous love of
our Maker. For we shall see verily in heaven, without end, that we have
grievously sinned in this life, and notwithstanding this, we shall see
that we were never hurt in His love, we were never the less of price in
His sight. And by the assay of this falling we shall have an high,
marvellous knowing of love in God, without end. For strong and
marvellous is that love which may not, nor will not, be broken for
trespass. And this is one understanding of [our] profit. Another is the
lowness and meekness that we shall get by the sight of our falling: for
thereby we shall highly be raised in heaven; to which raising we might
[244] never have come without that meekness. And therefore it needeth
us to see it; and if we see it not, though we fell it should not profit
us. And commonly, first we fall and later we see it: and both of the
Mercy of God.

The mother may suffer the child to fall sometimes, and to be hurt in
diverse manners for its own profit, but she may never suffer that any
manner of peril come to the child, for love. And though our earthly
mother may suffer her child to perish, our heavenly Mother, Jesus, may
not suffer us that are His children to perish: for He is All-mighty,
All-wisdom, and All-love; and so is none but He,–blessed may He be!

But oftentimes when our falling and our wretchedness is shewed us, we
are so sore adread, and so greatly ashamed of our self, that scarcely
we find where we may hold us. But then willeth not our courteous Mother
that we flee away, for Him were nothing lother. But He willeth then
that we use the condition of a child: for when it is hurt, or adread,
it runneth hastily to the mother for help, with all its might. So
willeth He that we do, as a meek child saying thus: My kind Mother, my
Gracious Mother, my dearworthy Mother, have mercy on me: I have made
myself foul and unlike to Thee, and I nor may nor can amend it but with
thine help and grace. And if we feel us not then eased forthwith, be we
sure that He useth the condition of a wise mother. For if He see that
it be more profit to us to mourn and to weep, He suffereth it, with
ruth and pity, unto the best time, for love. And He willeth then that
we use the property of a child, that evermore of nature trusteth to the
love of the mother in weal and in woe.

And He willeth that we take us mightily to the Faith of Holy Church and
find there our dearworthy Mother, in solace of true Understanding, with
all the blessed Common. For one single person may oftentimes be broken,
as it seemeth to himself, but the whole Body of Holy Church was never
broken, nor never shall be, without end. And therefore a sure thing it
is, a good and a gracious, to will meekly and mightily to be fastened
and oned to our Mother, Holy Church. that is, Christ Jesus. For the
food of mercy that is His dearworthy blood and precious water is
plenteous to make us fair and clean; the blessed wounds of our Saviour
be open and enjoy to heal us; the sweet, gracious hands of our Mother
be ready and diligently about us. For He in all this working useth the
office of a kind nurse that hath nought else to do but to give heed
about [245] the salvation of her child.

It is His office to save us: it is His worship to do [for] us, [246]
and it is His will [that] we know it: for He willeth that we love Him
sweetly and trust in Him meekly and mightily. And this shewed He in
these gracious words: I keep thee full surely.

[243] ”clepyng.” ; From the Ancren Riwle (Camden Society’s version,
edited by J. Morton, D.D.), p. 231: ”The sixth comfort is, that our
Lord, when He suffereth us to be tempted, playeth with us, as the
mother with her young darling: she flies from him, and hides herself,
and lets him sit alone, and look anxiously around, and call Dame! Dame!
and weep awhile; and then she leapeth forth laughing, with outspread
arms, and embraceth and kisseth him, and wipeth his eyes. In like
manner, our Lord sometimes leaveth us alone, and withdraweth His grace,
His comfort, and His support, so that we feel no delight in any good
that we do, nor any satisfaction of heart; and yet, at that very time,
our dear Father loveth us never the less, but doth it for the great
love that He hath to us.” p. 235: ”The fourth reason why our Lord
hideth Himself is, that thou mayest seek him more earnestly, and call,
and weep after Him, as the little baby doth after his mother” (”ase
deth thet lutel baban ”– in another manuscript ‘lite barn’ — ”efter
his moder”).

[244] i.e. could.

[245] ”entend about.”

[246] S. de Cressy has here ”to do it.” This MS. seems to have: ”to don
us,” possibly for to work at us, carry out our salvation to perfection,
or, to take in hand for us, ”to do for us.” See The Paston Letters,
vol. ii. (Letter 472), May 1463, ”he prayid hym that he wold don for
hym in hys mater, and gaf hym a reward; and withinne ryth short tym
after, his mater sped.”


?God is Very Father and Very Mother of Nature: and all natures that He hath
made to flow out of Him to work His will shall be restored and brought again
into Him by the salvation of Mankind through the working of Grace?

FOR in that time He shewed our frailty and our fallings, our
afflictings and our settings at nought, [247] our despites and our
outcastings, and all our woe so far forth as methought it might befall
in this life. And therewith He shewed His blessed Might, His blessed
Wisdom, His blessed Love: that He keepeth us in this time as tenderly
and as sweetly to His worship, and as surely to our salvation, as He
doeth when we are in most solace and comfort. And thereto He raiseth us
spiritually and highly in heaven, and turneth it all to His worship and
to our joy, without end. For His love suffereth us never to lose time.

And all this is of the Nature-Goodness of God, by the working of Grace.
God is Nature [248] in His being: that is to say, that Goodness that is
Nature, it is God. He is the ground, He is the substance, He is the
same thing that is Nature-hood. [249] And He is very Father and very
Mother of Nature: and all natures that He hath made to flow out of Him
to work His will shall be restored and brought again into Him by the
salvation of man through the working of Grace.

For of all natures [250] that He hath set in diverse creatures by part,
in man is all the whole; in fulness and in virtue, in fairness and in
goodness, in royalty and nobleness, in all manner of majesty, of
preciousness and worship. Here may we see that we are all beholden to
God for nature, and we are all beholden to God for grace. Here may we
see us needeth not greatly to seek far out to know sundry natures, but
to Holy Church, unto our Mother’s breast: that is to say, unto our own
soul where our Lord dwelleth; and there shall we find all now in faith
and in understanding. And afterward verily in Himself clearly, in

But let no man nor woman take this singularly to himself: for it is not
so, it is general: for it is [of] our precious Christ, and to Him was
this fair nature adight [251] for the worship and nobility of man’s
making, and for the joy and the bliss of man’s salvation even as He
saw, wist, and knew from without beginning.

[247] ”our brekyngs and our nowtyngs.”

[248] ”kynde.”

[249] ”kindhede.”

[250] ”kyndes.”

[251] i.e. made ready, prepared, appointed.


?As verily as sin is unclean, so verily is it unkind?–a disease or monstrous
thing against nature. ?He shall heal us full fair.?

HERE may we see that we have verily of Nature to hate sin, and we have
verily of Grace to hate sin. For Nature is all good and fair in itself,
and Grace was sent out to save Nature and destroy sin, and bring again
fair nature to the blessed point from whence it came: that is God; with
more nobleness and worship by the virtuous working of Grace. For it
shall be seen afore God by all His Holy in joy without end that Nature
hath been assayed in the fire of tribulation and therein hath been
found no flaw, no fault. [252] Thus are Nature and Grace of one accord:
for Grace is God, as Nature is God: He is two in manner of working and
one in love; and neither of these worketh without other: they be not

And when we by Mercy of God and with His help accord us to Nature and
Grace, we shall see verily that sin is in sooth viler and more painful
than hell, without likeness: for it is contrary to our fair nature. For
as verily as sin is unclean, so verily is it unnatural, [253] and thus
an horrible thing to see for the loved [254] soul that would be all
fair and shining in the sight of God, as Nature and Grace teacheth.

Yet be we not adread of this, save inasmuch as dread may speed us: but
meekly make we our moan to our dearworthy Mother, and He shall
besprinkle us in His precious blood and make our soul full soft and
full mild, and heal us full fair by process of time, right as it is
most worship to Him and joy to us without end. And of this sweet fair
working He shall never cease nor stint till all His dearworthy children
be born and forthbrought. (And that shewed He where He shewed [me]
understanding of the ghostly Thirst, that is the love-longing that
shall last till Doomsday.)

Thus in [our] Very Mother, Jesus, our life is grounded in the
foreseeing Wisdom of Himself from without beginning, with the high
Might of the Father, the high sovereign Goodness of the Holy Ghost. And
in the taking of our nature He quickened us; in His blessed dying upon
the Cross He bare us to endless life; and from that time, and now, and
evermore unto Doomsday, He feedeth us and furthereth us: even as that
high sovereign Kindness of Motherhood, and as Kindly need of Childhood

Fair and sweet is our Heavenly Mother in the sight of our souls;
precious and lovely are the Gracious Children in the sight of our
Heavenly Mother, with mildness and meekness, and all the fair virtues
that belong to children in Nature. For of nature the Child despaireth
not of the Mother’s love, of nature the Child presumeth not of itself,
of nature the Child loveth the Mother and each one of the other
[children]. These are the fair virtues, with all other that be like,
wherewith our Heavenly Mother is served and pleased.

And I understood none higher stature in this life than Childhood, in
feebleness and failing of might and of wit, unto the time that our
Gracious Mother hath brought us up to our Father’s Bliss. [255] And
then shall it verily be known to us His meaning in those sweet words
where He saith: All shall be well: and thou shalt see, thyself, that
all manner of things shall be well. And then shall the Bliss of our
Mother, in Christ, be new to begin in the Joys of our God: which new
beginning shall last without end, new beginning.

Thus I understood that all His blessed children which be come out of
Him by Nature shall be brought again into Him by Grace.

[252] ”no lak (blame), no defaute.”

[253] ”as sothly as sin is onclene as sothly is it onkinde.”

[254] S. de Cressy has ”the loving soul.”

[255] ”Our fader bliss.”




Thou shalt come up above

AFORE this time I had great longing and desire of God’s gift to be
delivered of this world and of this life. For oftentimes I beheld the
woe that is here, and the weal and the bliss that is being there: (and
if there had been no pain in this life but the absence of our Lord,
methought it was some-time more than I might bear 😉 and this made me
to mourn, and eagerly to long. And also from mine own wretchedness,
sloth, and weakness, me liked not to live and to travail, as me fell to

And to all this our courteous Lord answered for comfort and patience,
and said these words: Suddenly thou shalt be taken from all thy pain,
from all thy sickness, from all thy distress and from all thy woe. And
thou shalt come up above and thou shalt have me to thy meed, and thou
shalt be fulfilled of love and of bliss. And thou shalt never have no
manner of pain, no manner of misliking, no wanting of will; but ever
joy and bliss without end. What should it then aggrieve thee to suffer
awhile, seeing that it is my will and my worship?

And in this word: Suddenly thou shalt be taken,–I saw that God
rewardeth man for the patience that he hath in abiding God’s will, and
for his time, and [for] that man lengtheneth his patience over the time
of his living. For not-knowing of his time of passing, that is a great
profit: for if a man knew his time, he should not have patience over
that time; but, as God willeth, while the soul is in the body it
seemeth to itself that it is ever at the point to be taken. For all
this life and this languor that we have here is but a point, and when
we are taken suddenly out of pain into bliss then pain shall be nought.

And in this time I saw a body lying on the earth, which body shewed
heavy and horrible, [256] without shape and form, as it were a swollen
quag of stinking mire. [257] And suddenly out of this body sprang a
full fair creature, a little Child, fully shapen and formed, nimble
[258] and lively, whiter than lily; which swiftly [259] glided up into
heaven. And the swollenness of the body betokeneth great wretchedness
of our deadly flesh, and the littleness of the Child betokeneth the
cleanness of purity in the soul. And methought: With this body abideth
[260] no fairness of this Child, and on this Child dwelleth no foulness
of this body.

It is more [261] blissful that man be taken from pain, than that pain
be taken from man; [262] for if pain be taken from us it may come
again: therefore it is a sovereign comfort and blissful beholding in a
loving soul that we shall be taken from pain. For in this behest [263]
I saw a marvellous compassion that our Lord hath in us for our woe, and
a courteous promising [264] of clear deliverance. For He willeth that
we be comforted in the overpassing; [265] and that He shewed in these
words: And thou shalt come up above, and thou shalt have me to thy
meed, and thou shalt be fulfilled of joy and bliss.

It is God’s will that we set the point of our thought in this blissful
beholding as often as we may,–and as long time keep us therein with
His grace; for this is a blessed contemplation to the soul that is led
of God, and full greatly to His worship, for the time that it lasteth.
And [when] we fall again to our heaviness, and spiritual blindness, and
feeling of pains spiritual and bodily, by our frailty, it is God’s will
that we know that He hath not forgotten us. And so signifieth He in
these words: And thou shalt never more have pain; no manner of
sickness, no manner of misliking, no wanting of will; but ever joy and
bliss without end. What should it then aggrieve thee to suffer awhile,
seeing it is my will and my worship?

It is God’s will that we take His behests [266] and His comfortings as
largely and as mightily as we may take them, and also He willeth that
we take our abiding and our troubles [267] as lightly as we may take
them, and set them at nought. For the more lightly we take them, and
the less price we set on them, for love, the less pain we shall have in
the feeling of them, and the more thanks and meed we shall have for

[256] ”uggley.”

[257] a ”bolned quave of styngand myre.”

[258] ”swifte” = agile, quick.

[259] ”sharply.”

[260] ”beleveth.”

[261] ”full blissful …. mor than.”

[262] ”full blissful …. mor than.”

[263] i.e. promise, proclamation.

[264] ”behoting.”

[265] i.e. the exceeding fulness of heavenly bliss.

[266] See foot-note 4, p. 161.

[267] ”diseases” = discomforts, distresses.


?The Charity of God maketh in us such a unity that, when it is truly seen, no
man can part himself from other?

AND thus I understood that what man or woman with firm will [268]
chooseth God in this life, for love, he may be sure that he is loved
without end: which endless love worketh in him that grace. For He
willeth that we be as assured in hope of the bliss of heaven while we
are here, as we shall be in sureness while we are there. And ever the
more pleasance and joy that we take in this sureness, with reverence
and meekness, the better pleaseth Him, as it was shewed. This reverence
that I mean is a holy courteous dread of our Lord, to which meekness is
united: and that is, that a creature seeth the Lord marvellous great,
and itself marvellous little. For these virtues are had endlessly by
the loved of God, and this may now be seen and felt in measure through
the gracious presence of our Lord when it is [seen]: which presence in
all things is most desired, for it worketh marvellous assuredness in
true faith, and sure hope, by greatness of charity, in dread that is
sweet and delectable.

It is God’s will that I see myself as much bound [269] to Him in love
as if He had done for me all that He hath done; and thus should every
soul think inwardly of its [270] Lover. That is to say, the Charity of
God maketh in us such a unity that, when it is truly seen, no man can
part himself from other. And thus ought our soul to think that God hath
done for it [271] all that He hath done.

And this sheweth He to make us to love Him and nought dread but Him.
For it is His will that we perceive that all the might of our Enemy is
taken into our Friend’s hand; and therefore the soul that knoweth
assuredly this, he [272] shall not dread but Him that he loveth. All
other dread he setteth among passions and bodily sickness and
imaginations. And therefore though we be in so much pain, woe, and
distress that it seemeth to us we can think [of] right nought but [of]
that [which] we are in, or [of] that [which] we feel, [yet] as soon as
we may, pass we lightly over, and set we it at nought. And why? For
that God willeth we know [Him]; and if we know Him and love Him and
reverently dread Him, we shall have peace, and be in great rest, and it
shall be great pleasance to us, all that He doeth. And this shewed our
Lord in these words: What should it then aggrieve thee to suffer
awhile, sith it is my Will and my worship? Now have I told you of
Fifteen Revelations, as God vouchsafed to minister them to [my] mind,
renewed by lightings and touchings, I hope of the same Spirit that
shewed them all.

Of which Fifteen Shewings the First began early in the morn, about the
hour of four; and they lasted, shewing by process full fair and
steadily, each following other, till it was nine of the day,

[268] ”wilfully.”

[269] ”bounden” = beholden.

[270] ”his.”

[271] ”him.”

[272] i.e. the soul.


?All was closed, and I saw no more.? ?For the folly of feeling a little bodily
pain I unwisely lost for the time the comfort of all this blessed Shewing of
our Lord God?

AND after this the good Lord shewed the Sixteenth [Revelation] on the
night following, as I shall tell after: which Sixteenth was conclusion
and confirmation to all Fifteen.

But first me behoveth to tell you as anent my feebleness, wretchedness
and blindness.–I have said in the beginning: And in this [moment] all
my pain was suddenly taken from me: of which pain I had no grief nor
distress as long as the Fifteen Shewings lasted following. And at the
end all was close, and I saw no more. And soon I felt that I should
live and languish; [273] and anon my sickness came again: first in my
head with a sound and a din, and suddenly all my body was fulfilled
with sickness like as it was afore. And I was as barren and as dry as
[if] I never had comfort but little. And as a wretched creature I
moaned and cried for feeling of my bodily pains and for failing of
comfort, spiritual and bodily.

Then came a Religious person to me and asked me how I fared. I said I
had raved to-day. And he laughed loud and heartily. [274] And I said:
The Cross that stood afore my face, methought it bled fast. And with
this word the person that I spake to waxed all sober and marvelled. And
anon I was sore ashamed and astonished for my recklessness, and I
thought: This man taketh in sober earnest [275] the least word that I
might say. Then said I no more thereof. And when I saw that he took it
earnestly and with so great reverence, I wept, full greatly ashamed,
and would have been shriven; but at that time I could tell it no
priest, for I thought: How should a priest believe me? I believe not
our Lord God. This [Shewing] I believed verily for the time that I saw
Him, and so was then my will and my meaning ever for to do without end;
but as a fool I let it pass from my mind. Ah! lo, wretch that I am!
this was a great sin, great unkindness, that I for folly of feeling of
a little bodily pain, so unwisely lost for the time the comfort of all
this blessed Shewing of our Lord God. Here may you see what I am of

But herein would our Courteous Lord not leave me. And I lay still till
night, trusting in His mercy, and then I began to sleep. And in the
sleep, at the beginning, methought the Fiend set him on my throat,
putting forth a visage full near my face, like a young man’s and it was
long and wondrous lean: I saw never none such. The colour was red like
the tilestone when it is new-burnt, with black spots therein like black
freckles–fouler than the tilestone. His hair was red as rust, clipped
in front, [276] with full locks hanging on the temples. He grinned on
me with a malicious semblance, shewing white teeth: and so much
methought it the more horrible. Body nor hands had he none shapely, but
with his paws he held me in the throat, and would have strangled me,
but he might not.

This horrible Shewing was made [whilst I was] sleeping, and so was none
other. But in all this time I trusted to be saved and kept by the mercy
of God. And our Courteous Lord gave me grace to waken; and scarcely had
I my life. The persons that were with me looked on me, and wet my
temples, and my heart began to comfort. And anon a light smoke came in
the door, with a great heat and a foul stench. I said: Benedicite
Domine! it is all on fire that is here! And I weened it had been a
bodily fire that should have burnt us all to death. I asked them that
were with me if they felt any stench. They said, Nay: they felt none. I
said: Blessed be God! For then wist I well it was the Fiend that was
come to tempest me. And anon I took to that [which] our Lord had shewed
me on the same day, with all the Faith of Holy Church (for I beheld it
is both one), and fled thereto as to my comfort. And anon all vanished
away, and I was brought to great rest and peace, without sickness of
body or dread of conscience.

[273] ”langiren.”

[274] ”inderly” = inwardly; so de Cressy; (Collins has ”drolly ”).

[275] ”sadly” = solidly, soberly.

[276] ”evisid aforn with syde lokks hongyng on the thounys” (or
thowngs, or thoungs). Bradley’s Dictionary of Middle English —
thun(?)wange = temple, evesed p. ple of efesian = to clip the edges
(cf. eaves). The Paris MS. however reads: ”His hair was rede as rust
not scoryd afore, with syde lockes hangyng on the thouwonges.” S. de
Cressy gives this as: ”his hair was red as rust not scoured; afore with
side locks hanging down in flakes.”



?The place that Jesus taketh in our soul He shall never remove from, without
end:–for in us is His homliest home and His endless dwelling.? ?Our soul can
never have rest in things that are beneath itself–yet may it not abide in the
beholding of its self?

AND then our Lord opened my spiritual eye and shewed me my soul in
midst of my heart. I saw the Soul so large as it were an endless world,
and as it were a blissful kingdom. And by the conditions that I saw
therein I understood that it is a worshipful City. In the midst of that
City sitteth our Lord Jesus, God and Man, a fair Person of large
stature, highest Bishop, most majestic [277] King, most worshipful
Lord; and I saw Him clad majestically. [278] And worshipfully He
sitteth in the Soul, even-right [279] in peace and rest. And the
Godhead ruleth and sustaineth [280] heaven and earth and all that
is,–sovereign Might, sovereign Wisdom, and sovereign Goodness,–[but]
the place that Jesus taketh in our Soul He shall never remove it,
without end, as to my sight: for in us is His homliest home and His
endless dwelling [281] .

And in this [sight] He shewed the satisfying that He hath of the making
of Man’s Soul. For as well as the Father might make a creature, and as
well as the Son could make a creature, so well would the Holy Ghost
that Man’s Soul were made: and so it was done. And therefore the
blessed Trinity enjoyeth without end in the making of Man’s Soul: for
He saw from without beginning what should please Him without end. All
thing that He hath made sheweth His Lordship,–as understanding was
given at the same time by example of a creature that is to see great
treasures and kingdoms belonging to a lord; and when it had seen all
the nobleness beneath, then, marvelling, it was moved to seek above to
the high place where the lord dwelleth, knowing, by reason, that his
dwelling is in the worthiest place. And thus I understood in verity
that our Soul may never have rest in things that are beneath itself.
And when it cometh above all creatures into the Self, yet may it not
abide in the beholding of its Self, but all the beholding is blissfully
set in God that is the Maker dwelling therein. For in Man’s Soul is His
very dwelling; and the highest light and the brightest shining of the
City is the glorious love of our Lord, as to my sight.

And what may make us more to enjoy in God than to see in Him that He
enjoyeth in the highest of all His works? For I saw in the same Shewing
that if the blessed Trinity might have made Man’s Soul any better, any
fairer, any nobler than it was made, He should not have been full
pleased with the making of Man’s Soul. And He willeth that our hearts
be mightily raised above the deepness of the earth and all vain
sorrows, and rejoice [282] in Him.

[277] ”solemnest”; ”solemnly” = in state.

[278] ”solemnest”; ”solemnly” = in state.

[279] i.e. straight-set.

[280] ”gemeth.”

[281] ”woning.”

[282] ”enjoyen.”


?He said not:

Thou shalt not be tempested, thou shalt not be travailed, thou shalt not be

Thou shalt not be overcome

THIS was a delectable Sight and a restful Shewing, that it is so
without end. The beholding of this while we are here is full pleasing
to God and full great profit to us; and the soul that thus beholdeth,
it maketh it like to Him that is beheld, and oneth it in rest and peace
by His grace. And this was a singular joy and bliss to me that I saw
Him sitting: for the [quiet] secureness of sitting sheweth endless

And He gave me to know soothfastly that it was He that shewed me all
afore. And when I had beheld this with heedfulness, then shewed our
good Lord words [283] full meekly without voice and without opening of
lips, right as He had [afore] done, and said full sweetly: Wit it now
well that it was no raving that thou sawest to-day: but take it and
believe it, and keep thee therein, and comfort thee therewith, and
trust thou thereto: and thou shalt not be overcome.

These Last Words were said for believing and true sureness that it is
our Lord Jesus that shewed me all. And right as in the first word that
our good Lord shewed, signifying His blissful Passion,–Herewith is the
devil overcome,–right so He said in the last word, with full true
secureness, meaning us all: Thou shalt not be overcome.

And all this teaching in this true comfort, it is general, to all mine
even-Christians, as it is aforesaid: and so is God’s will.

And this word: Thou shalt not be overcome, was said full clearly [284]
and full mightily, for assuredness and comfort against all tribulations
that may come. He said not: Thou shalt not be tempested, thou shalt not
be travailed, thou shalt not be afflicted; but He said: Thou shalt not
be overcome. God willeth that we take heed to these words, and that we
be ever strong in sure trust, in weal and woe. For He loveth and
enjoyeth us, and so willeth He that we love and enjoy Him and mightily
trust in Him; and all shall be well.

And soon after, all was close and I saw no more.

[283] See lxx. ”He shewed it all [the Revelation] again within in my

[284] ”sharply” = decisively.


?I was delivered from the Enemy by the virtue of Christ’s Passion?

AFTER this the Fiend came again with his heat and with his stench, and
gave me much ado, [285] the stench was so vile and so painful, and also
dreadful and travailous. Also I heard a bodily jangling, [286] as if it
had been of two persons; and both, to my thinking, jangled at one time
as if they had holden a parliament with a great busy-ness; and all was
soft muttering, so that I understood nought that they said. And all
this was to stir me to despair, as methought,–seeming to me as
[though] they mocked at praying of prayers [287] which are said
boisterously with [the] mouth, failing [of] devout attending and wise
diligence: the which we owe to God in our prayers.

And our Lord God gave me grace mightily for to trust in Him, and to
comfort my soul with bodily speech as I should have done to another
person that had been travailed. Methought that busy-ness [288] might
not be likened to no bodily busy-ness. My bodily eye I set in the same
Cross where I had been in comfort afore that time; my tongue with
speech of Christ’s Passion and rehearsing the Faith of Holy Church; and
my heart to fasten on God with all the trust and the might. And I
thought to myself, saying: Thou hast now great busy-ness to keep thee
in the Faith for that thou shouldst not be taken of the Enemy: wouldst
thou now from this time evermore be so busy to keep thee from sin, this
were a good and sovereign occupation! For I thought in sooth were I
safe from sin, I were full safe from all the fiends of hell and enemies
of my soul.

And thus he occupied me all that night, and on the morn till it was
about prime day. And anon they were all gone, and all passed; and they
left nothing but stench, and that lasted still awhile; and I scorned

And thus was I delivered from him by the virtue of Christ’s Passion:
for therewith is the Fiend overcome, as our Lord Jesus Christ said

[285] ”made me full besy.”

[286] i.e. gabbling.

[287] ”bidding of bedes.”

[288] see above, ”made me full busy.”


?Above the Faith is no goodness kept in this life, as to my sight, and beneath
the Faith is no help of soul; but



IN all this blessed Shewing our good Lord gave understanding that the
Sight should pass: which blessed Shewing the Faith keepeth, with His
own good will and His grace. For He left with me neither sign nor token
whereby I might know it, but He left with me His own blessed word in
true understanding, bidding me full mightily that I should believe it.
And so I do,–Blessed may He be!–I believe that He is our Saviour that
shewed it, and that it is the Faith that He shewed: and therefore I
believe it, rejoicing. And thereto I am bounden by all His own meaning,
with the next words that follow: Keep thee therein, and comfort thee
therewith, and trust thou thereto.

Thus I am bounden to keep it in my faith. For on the same day that it
was shewed, what time that the Sight was passed, as a wretch I forsook
it, and openly I said that I had raved. Then our Lord Jesus of His
mercy would not let it perish, but He showed it all again within in my
.soul [289] with more fulness, with the blessed light of His precious
love: saying these words full mightily and full meekly: Wit it now
well: it was no raving that thou sawest this day. As if He had said:
For that the Sight was passed from thee, thou losedst it and hadst not
skill to keep [290] it. But wit [291] it now; that is to say, now that
thou seest it. This was said not only for that same time, but also to
set thereupon the ground of my faith when He saith anon following: But
take it, believe it, and keep thee therein and comfort thee therewith
and trust thou thereto; and thou shalt not be overcome.

In these six words that follow (Take it–[etc.] His meaning is to
fasten it faithfully in our heart: for He willeth that it dwell with us
in faith to our life’s end, and after in fulness of joy, desiring that
we have ever steadfast trust in His blissful behest–knowing His

For our faith is contraried in diverse manners by our own blindness,
and our spiritual enemy, within and without; and therefore our precious
Lover helpeth us with spiritual sight and true teaching in sundry
manners within and without, whereby that we may know Him. And therefore
in whatsoever manner He teacheth us, He willeth that we perceive Him
wisely, receive Him sweetly, and keep us in Him faithfully. For above
the Faith is no goodness kept in this life, as to my sight, and beneath
the Faith is no help of soul; but in the Faith, there willeth the Lord
that we keep us. For we have by His goodness and His own working to
keep us in the Faith; and by His sufferance through ghostly enmity we
are assayed in the Faith and made mighty. For if our faith had none
enmity, it should deserve no meed, according to the understanding that
I have in all our Lord’s teaching.

[289] see ch. lxviii.

[290] ”couthest not.”

[291] i.e. learn, perceive, know for certainty by the conviction of
reason and consciousness — grasp once for all the truth beheld.


?Three manners of looking seen in our Lord’s Countenance?

GLAD and joyous and sweet is the Blissful lovely Cheer [292] of our
Lord to our souls. For He [be]holdeth [293] us ever, living in
love-longing: and He willeth that our soul be in glad cheer to Him, to
give Him His meed. And thus, I hope, with His grace He hath [drawn],
and more shall draw, the Outer Cheer to the Inner Cheer, and make us
all one with Him, and each of us with other, in true lasting joy that
is Jesus.

I have signifying of Three manners of Cheer of our Lord. The first is
Cheer of Passion, as He shewed while He was here in this life, dying.
Though this [manner of] Beholding be mournful and troubled, yet it is
glad and joyous: for He is God.–The second manner of Cheer is [of]
Ruth and Compassion: and this sheweth He, with sureness of Keeping, to
all His lovers that betake them [294] to His mercy. The third is the
Blissful Cheer, as it shall be without end: and this was [shewed]
oftenest and longest-continued.

And thus in the time of our pain and our woe He sheweth us Cheer of His
Passion and His Cross, helping us to bear it by His own blessed virtue.
And in the time of our sinning He sheweth to us Cheer of Ruth and Pity,
mightily keeping us and defending us against all our enemies. And these
be the common Cheer which He sheweth to us in this life; therewith
mingling the third: and that is His Blissful Cheer, like, in part, as
it shall be in Heaven. And that [shewing is] by gracious touching and
sweet lighting of the spiritual life, whereby that we are kept in sure
faith, hope, and charity, with contrition and devotion, and also with
contemplation and all manner of true solace and sweet comforts.

[292] ”Cher,” in earlier chapters rendered by manner of Countenance or

[293] The word of the MS. might be: ”he havith ” (possibly ”draweth”),
or ”behadith” or ”behavith.” There is a verb ”bi-hawen” to behold — in
other forms bihabben, bi-halden –; and ”behave” had the meaning of to
manage, govern. Elsewhere in the MS. to regard, if not to fix the eyes
upon, is expressed (e.g. in xxxix.) simply by to ”holden” without the
prefix. S. de Cressy has here ”he beheld.”

[294] ”that have to”; S de C., ”have need to.”


?As long as we be meddling with any part of sin we shall never see clearly the
Blissful Countenance of our Lord?

BUT now behoveth me to tell in what manner I saw sin deadly in the
creatures which shall not die for sin, but live in the joy of God
without end.

I saw that two contrary things should never be together in one place.
The most contrary that are, is the highest bliss and the deepest pain.
The highest bliss that is, is to have Him in clarity of endless life,
Him verily seeing, Him sweetly feeling, all-perfectly having in fulness
of joy. And thus was the Blissful Cheer of our Lord shewed in Pity:
[295] in which Shewing I saw that sin is most contrary,–so far forth
that as long as we be

meddling with any part of sin, we shall never see clearly the Blissful
Cheer of our Lord. And the more horrible and grievous that our sins be,
the deeper are we for that time from this blissful sight. And therefore
it seemeth to us oftentimes as we were in peril of death, in a part of
hell, for the sorrow and pain that the sin is to us. And thus we are
dead for the time from the very sight of our blissful life. But in all
this I saw soothfastly that we be not dead in the sight of God, nor He
passeth never from us. But He shall never have His full bliss in us
till we have our full bliss in Him, verily seeing His fair Blissful
Cheer. For we are ordained thereto in nature, and get thereto by grace.
Thus I saw how sin is deadly for a short time in the blessed creatures
of endless life.

And ever the more clearly that the soul seeth this Blissful Cheer by
grace of loving, the more it longeth to see it in fulness. For
notwithstanding that our Lord God dwelleth in us and is here with us,
and albeit He claspeth us and encloseth [296] us for tender love that
He may never leave [297] us, and is more near to us than tongue can
tell or heart can think, yet may we never stint of moaning nor of
weeping nor of longing till when we see Him clearly in His Blissful
Countenance. For in that precious blissful sight there may no woe
abide, nor any weal fail [298] .

And in this I saw matter of mirth and matter of moaning: matter of
mirth: for our Lord, our Maker, is so near to us, and in us, and we in
Him, by sureness of keeping through His great goodness; matter of
moaning: for our ghostly eye is so blind and we be so borne down by
weight of our mortal flesh and darkness of sin, that we may not see our
Lord God clearly in His fair Blissful Cheer. No; and because of this
dimness [299] scarsely we can believe and trust His great love and our
sureness [300] of keeping. And therefore it is that I say we may never
stint of moaning nor of weeping. This ?weeping? meaneth not all in
pouring out of tears by our bodily eye, but also hath more ghostly
understanding. For the kindly desire of our soul is so great and so
unmeasurable, that if there were given us for our solace and for our
comfort all the noble things that ever God made in heaven and in earth,
and we saw not the fair Blissful Cheer of Himself, yet we should not
stint of moaning nor ghostly weeping, that is to say, of painful
longing, till when we [should] see verily the fair Blissful Cheer of
our Maker. And if we were in all the pain that heart can think and
tongue may tell, if we might in that time see His fair Blissful Cheer,
all this pain should not aggrieve us.

Thus is that Blissful Sight [the] end of all manner of pain to the
loving soul, and the fulfilling of all manner of joy and bliss. And
that shewed He in the high, marvellous words where He said: I it am
that is highest; I it am that is lowest; I it am that is all

. It belongeth to us to have three manner of knowings: the first is
that we know our Lord God; the second is that we know our self: what we
are by Him, in Nature and Grace; the third is that we know meekly what
our self is anent our sin and feebleness. And for these three was all
the Shewing made, as to mine understanding.

[295] That is: in the Shewing of Pity (Rev. ii.) ch. x., in which it
was shewed darkly. S. de Cressy has ”in party” = part, but the word
seems to be ”pite” = pity.

[296] halsith; beclosith.

[297] levyn; tellen; thynken; stint; see.

[298] ”abiden. ne no wele failen.”

[299] ”myrkehede, unethes we can leven and trowen.”

[300] ”sekirnes.” Note. — The words ”Blissful Cheer” cannot be
rendered by the more beautiful and familiar BLESSED COUNTENANCE, and
even ”Blissful Countenance” might fail to bring out the reference to
one Aspect of the Divine Face, one part of the threefold Truth.


?Two manners of sickness that we have: impatience, or sloth;–despair, or
mistrustful dread?

ALL the blessed teaching of our Lord was shewed by three parts: that is
to say, by bodily sight, and by word formed in mine understanding, and
by spiritual sight. For the bodily sight, I have said as I saw, as
truly as I can; and for the words, I have said them right as our Lord
shewed them to me; and for the spiritual sight, I have told some deal,
but I may never fully tell it: and therefore of this sight I am stirred
to say more, as God will give me grace. Generally, He shewed sin,
wherein that all is comprehended, but in special He shewed only these
two. And these two are they that most do travail and tempest us,
according to that which our Lord shewed me; and of them He would have
us be amended. I speak of such men and women as for God’s love hate sin
and dispose themselves to do God’s will: then by our spiritual
blindness and bodily heaviness we are most inclining to these. And
therefore it is God’s will that they be known, for then we shall refuse
them as we do other sins.

And for help of this, full meekly our Lord shewed the patience that He
had in His Hard Passion; and also the joying and the satisfying that He
hath of that Passion, for love. And this He shewed in example that we
should gladly and wisely bear our pains, for that is great pleasing to
Him and endless profit to us. And the cause why we are travailed with
them is for lack in knowing [301] of Love. Though the three Persons in
the Trinity [302] be all even [303] in Itself, the soul [304] took most
understanding in Love; yea, and He willeth that in all things we have
our beholding and our enjoying in Love. And of this knowing are we most
blind. For some of us believe that God is Almighty and may do all, and
that He is All-Wisdom and can do all; but that He is All-Love and will
do all, there we stop short. [305] And this not-knowing it is, that
hindereth most God’s lovers, as to my sight.

For when we begin to hate sin, and amend us by the ordinance of Holy
Church, yet there dwelleth a dread that letteth us, because of the
beholding of our self and of our sins afore done. And some of us
because of our every-daily sins: for we hold not our Covenants, nor
keep we our cleanness that our Lord setteth us in, but fall oftentimes
into so much wretchedness that shame it is to see it. And the beholding
of this maketh us so sorry and so heavy, that scarsely we can find any

And this dread we take sometime for a meekness, but it is a foul
blindness and a weakness. [306] And we cannot despise it as we do
another sin, that we know [as sin]: for it cometh [subtly] of Enmity,
and it is against truth. For it is God’s will that of all the
properties of the blissful Trinity, we should have most sureness and
comfort in Love: for Love maketh Might and Wisdom full meek to us. For
right as by the courtesy of God He forgiveth our sin after the time
that we repent us, right so willeth He that we forgive our sin, as
anent our unskilful heaviness and our doubtful dreads.

[301] ”for unknowing.”

[302] seen as Might, Wisdom, Love.

[303] i.e. equal.

[304] i.e. Julian (xiii., xxiv., xlvi.)

[305] ”astynten.”

[306] S. de Cressy: ”a wickedness”; but the MS. word is ”waykenes.”


?There is no dread that fully pleaseth God in us but reverent dread?

FOR I understand [that there be] four manner of dreads. One is the
dread of an affright that cometh to a man suddenly by frailty. This
dread doeth good, for it helpeth to purge man, as doeth bodily sickness
or such other pain as is not sin. For all such pains help man if they
be patiently taken. The second is dread of pain, whereby man is stirred
and wakened from sleep of sin. He is not able for the time to perceive
the soft comfort of the Holy Ghost, till he have understanding of this
dread of pain, of bodily death, of spiritual enemies; and this dread
stirreth us to seek comfort and mercy of God, and thus this dread
helpeth us, [307] and enableth us to have contrition by the blissful
touching of the Holy Ghost. The third is doubtful dread. Doubtful dread
in as much as it draweth to despair, God will have it turned in us into
love by the knowing of love: that is to say, that the bitterness of
doubt be turned into the sweetness of natural love by grace. For it may
never please our Lord that His servants doubt in His Goodness. The
fourth is reverent dread: for there is no dread that fully pleaseth God
in us but reverent dread. And that is full soft, for the more it is
had, the less it is felt for sweetness of love.

Love and Dread are brethren, and they are rooted in us by the Goodness
of our Maker, and they shall never be taken from us without end. We
have of nature to love and we have of grace to love: and we have of
nature to dread and we have of grace to dread. It belongeth to the
Lordship and to the Fatherhood to be dreaded, as it belongeth to the
Goodness to be loved: and it belongeth to us that are His servants and
His children to dread Him for Lordship and Fatherhood, as it belongeth
to us to love Him for Goodness.

And though this reverent-dread and love be not parted asunder, yet they
are not both one, but they are two in property and in working, and
neither of them may be had without other. Therefore I am sure, he that
loveth, he dreadeth, though that he feel it but a little.

All dreads other than reverent dread that are proffered to us, though
they come under the colour of holiness yet are not so true, and hereby
may they be known asunder.–That dread that maketh us hastily to flee
from all that is not good and fall into our Lord’s breast, as the Child
into the Mother’s bosom, [308] with all our intent and with all our
mind, knowing our feebleness and our great need, knowing His
everlasting goodness and His blissful love, only seeking to Him for
salvation, cleaving to [Him] with sure trust: that dread that bringeth
us into this working, it is natural, [309] gracious, good and true. And
all that is contrary to this, either it is wrong, or it is mingled with
wrong. Then is this the remedy, to know them both and refuse the wrong.

For the natural property of dread which we have in this life by the
gracious working of the Holy Ghost, the same shall be in heaven afore
God, gentle, courteous, and full delectable. And thus we shall in love
be homely and near to God, and we shall in dread be gentle and
courteous to God: and both alike equal.

Desire we of our Lord God to dread Him reverently, to love Him meekly,
to trust in Him mightily; for when we dread Him reverently and love Him
meekly our trust is never in vain. For the more that we trust, and the
more mightily, the more we please and worship our Lord that we trust
in. And if we fail in this reverent dread and meek love (as God forbid
we should!), our trust shall soon be misruled for the time. And
therefore it needeth us much to pray our Lord of grace that we may have
this reverent dread and meek love, of His gift, in heart and in work.
For without this, no man may please God.

[307] Here the transcriber of the B. Mus. MS. repeats (by mistake, no
doubt) ”to seek,” etc. S. de Cressy: ”helpeth us as an entry.”

[308] S. de Cressy: ”Mothers Arme,” but MS. (B.M.) ”Moder barme.”

[309] ”kinde.”


?We shall see verily the cause of all things that He hath done; and evermore
we shall see the cause of all things that He hath permitted?

I SAW that God can do all that we need. And these three that I shall
speak of we need: love, longing, pity. Pity in love keepeth us in the
time of our need; and longing in the same love draweth us up into
Heaven. For the Thirst of God is to have the general Man unto Him: in
which thirst He hath drawn His Holy that be now in bliss; and getting
His lively members, ever He draweth and drinketh, and yet He thirsteth
and longeth.

I saw three manners of longing in God, and all to one end; of which we
have the same in us, and by the same virtue and for the same end.

The first is, that He longeth to teach us to know Him and love Him
evermore, as it is convenient and speedful to us. The second is, that
He longeth to have us up to His Bliss, as souls are when they are taken
out of pain into Heaven. The third is to fulfill us in bliss; and that
shall be on the Last Day, fulfilled ever to last. For I saw, as it is
known in our Faith, that the pain and the sorrow shall be ended to all
that shall be saved. And not only we shall receive the same bliss that
souls afore have had in heaven, but also we shall receive a new
[bliss], which plenteously shall be flowing out of God into us and
shall fulfill us; and these be the goods which He hath ordained to give
us from without beginning. These goods are treasured and hid in
Himself; for unto that time [no] Creature is mighty nor worthy to
receive them.

In this [fulfilling] we shall see verily the cause of all things that
He hath done; and evermore we shall see the cause of all things that He
hath suffered. [310] And the bliss and the fulfilling shall be so deep
and so high that, for wonder and marvel, all creatures shall have to
God so great reverent dread, overpassing that which hath been seen and
felt before, that the pillars of heaven shall tremble and quake. But
this manner of trembling and dread shall have no pain; but it belongeth
to the worthy might of God thus to be beholden by His creatures, in
great dread trembling and quaking for meekness of joy, marvelling at
the greatness of God the Maker and at the littleness of all that is
made. For the beholding of this maketh the creature marvellously meek
and mild.

Wherefore God willeth–and also it belongeth to us, both in nature and
grace–that we wit and know of this, desiring this sight and this
working; for it leadeth us in right way, and keepeth us in true life,
and oneth us to God. And as good as God is, so great He is; and as much
as it belongeth to His goodness to be loved, so much it belongeth to
His greatness to be dreaded. For this reverent dread is the fair
courtesy that is in Heaven afore God’s face. And as much as He shall
then be known and loved overpassing that He is now, in so much He shall
be dreaded overpassing that He is now.

Wherefore it behoveth needs to be that all Heaven and earth shall
tremble and quake when the pillars shall tremble and quake.

[310] i.e. permitted; ”all that is good our Lord doeth, and that which
is evil our Lord suffereth,” xxxv.


?The soul that beholdeth the fair nature of our Lord Jesus, it hateth no hell
but sin?

I SPEAK but little of reverent dread, for I hope it may be seen in this
matter aforesaid. But well I wot our Lord shewed me no souls but those
that dread Him. For well I wot the soul that truly taketh the teaching
of the Holy Ghost, it hateth more sin for vileness and horribleness
than it doth all the pain that is in hell. For the soul that beholdeth
the fair nature [311] of our Lord Jesus, it hateth no hell but sin, as
to my sight. And therefore it is God’s will that we know sin, and pray
busily and travail earnestly and seek teaching meekly that we fall not
blindly therein; and if we fall, that we rise readily. For it is the
most pain that the soul may have, to turn from God any time by sin.

The soul that willeth to be in rest when [an] other man’s sin cometh to
mind, he shall flee it as the pain of hell, seeking unto God for
remedy, for help against it. For the beholding of other man’s sins, it
maketh as it were a thick mist afore the eyes of the soul, and we
cannot, for the time, see the fairness of God, but if we may behold
them with contrition with him, with compassion on him, and with holy
desire to God for him. For without this it harmeth [312] and tempesteth
and hindereth the soul that beholdeth them. For this I understood in
the Shewing of Compassion.

In this blissful Shewing of our Lord I have understanding of two
contrary things: the one is the most wisdom that any creature may do in
this life, the other is the most folly. The most wisdom is for a
creature to do after the will and counsel of his highest sovereign
Friend. This blessed Friend is Jesus, and it is His will and His
counsel that we hold us with Him, and fasten us to Him
homely–evermore, in what state soever that we be; for whether-so that
we be foul or clean, we are all one in His loving. For weal nor for woe
He willeth never we flee from Him. But because of the changeability
that we are in, in our self, we fall often into sin. Then we have this
[doubting dread] by the stirring of our enemy and by our own folly and
blindness: for they say thus: Thou seest well thou art a wretched
creature, a sinner, and also unfaithful. For thou keepest not the
Command [313] ; thou dost promise oftentimes our Lord that thou shalt
do better, and anon after, thou fallest again into the same, especially
into sloth and losing of time. (For that is the beginning of sin, as to
my sight,–and especially to the creatures that have given them to
serve our Lord with inward beholding of His blessed Goodness.) And this
maketh us adread to appear afore our courteous Lord. Thus is it our
enemy that would put us aback [314] with his false dread, [by reason]
of our wretchedness, through pain that he threateth us with. For it is
his meaning to make us so heavy and so weary in this, that we should
let out of mind the fair, Blissful Beholding of our Everlasting Friend.

[311] ”kindness.”

[312] ”noyith.”

[313] S de Cressy — ”thy Covenant.”

[314] ”on bakke.”


?Accuse not thyself overmuch, deeming that thy tribulation and thy woe is all
thy fault.? ?All thy living is penance profitable.? ?In the remedy He willeth
that we rejoice?

OUR good Lord shewed the enmity of the Fiend: in which Shewing I
understood that all that is contrary to love and peace is of the Fiend
and of his part. And we have, of our feebleness and our folly, to fall;
and we have, of mercy and grace of the Holy Ghost, to rise to more joy.
And if our enemy aught winneth of us by our falling, (for it is his
pleasure, [315] ) he loseth manifold more in our rising by charity and
meekness. And this glorious rising, it is to him so great sorrow and
pain for the hate that he hath to our soul, that he burneth continually
in envy. And all this sorrow that he would make us to have, it shall
turn to himself. And for this it was that our Lord scorned him, and [it
was] this [that] made me mightily to laugh.

Then is this the remedy, that we be aware of our wretchedness and flee
to our Lord: for ever the more needy that we be, the more speedful it
is to us to draw nigh to Him. [316] And let us say thus in our
thinking: I know well I have a .shrewd pain; but our Lord is All-Mighty
and may punish me mightily; and He is All-Wisdom and can punish me
discerningly; and He is all-Goodness and loveth me full tenderly. And
in this beholding it is necessary for us to abide; for it is a lovely
meekness of a sinful soul, wrought by mercy and grace of the Holy
Ghost, when we willingly and gladly take the scourge and chastening of
our Lord that Himself will give us. And it shall be full tender and
full easy, if that we will only hold us satisfied with Him and with all
His works.

For the penance that man taketh of himself was not shewed me: that is
to say, it was not shewed specified. But specially and highly and with
full lovely manner of look was it shewed that we shall meekly bear and
suffer the penance that God Himself giveth us, with mind in His blessed
Passion. (For when we have mind in His blessed Passion, with pity and
love, then we suffer with Him like as His friends did that saw it. And
this was shewed in the Thirteenth Shewing, near the beginning, where it
speaketh of Pity.) For He saith: Accuse not [thy]self overdone much,
deeming that thy tribulation and thy woe is all for thy fault; for I
will not that thou be heavy or sorrowful indiscreetly. For I tell thee,
howsoever thou do, thou shalt have woe. And therefore I will that thou
wisely know thy penance; and [thou] shalt see in truth that all thy
living is penance profitable.

This place is prison and this life is penance, and in the remedy He
willeth that we rejoice. The remedy is that our Lord is with us,
keeping and leading into the fulness of joy. For this is an endless joy
to us in our Lord’s signifying, that He that shall be our bliss when we
are there, He is our keeper while we are here. Our

way and our heaven is true love and sure trust; and of this He gave
understanding in all [the Shewings] and especially in the Shewing of
the Passion where He made me mightily to choose Him for my heaven [317]

Flee we to our Lord and we shall be comforted, touch we Him and we
shall be made clean, cleave we to Him and we shall be sure, [318] and
safe from all manner of peril.

For our courteous Lord willeth that we should be as homely with Him as
heart may think or soul may desire. But [let us] beware that we take
not so recklessly this homeliness as to leave courtesy. For our Lord
Himself is sovereign homeliness, and as homely as He is, so courteous
He is: for He is very courteous. And the blessed creatures that shall
be in heaven with Him without end, He will have them like to Himself in
all things. And to be like our Lord perfectly, it is our very salvation
and our full bliss.

And if we wot not how we shall do all this, desire we of our Lord and
He shall teach us: for it is His own good-pleasure and His worship;
blessed may He be!

[315] S. de Cressy, ”likeness ”; Collins, ”business.” The word may be
”Lifenes” = lefness, pleasure; lif = lef = lief = (Morris’ Specimens of
Early English) pleasing, dear.

[316] ”neyghen him.”

[317] ch. xix.

[318] ”sekir.”


?Though we be highly lifted up into contemplation by the special gift of our
Lord, yet it is needful to us to have knowledge and sight of our sin and our

OUR Lord of His mercy sheweth us our sin and our feebleness by the
sweet gracious light of Himself; for our sin is so vile and so horrible
that He of His courtesy will not shew it to us but by the light of His
grace and mercy. Of four things therefore it is His will that we have
knowing: the first is, that He is our Ground from whom we have all our
life and our being. The second is, that He keepeth us mightily and
mercifully in the time that we are in our sin and among all our
enemies, that are full fell upon us; and so much we are in the more
peril for [that] we give them occasion thereto, and know not our own
need. [319] The third is, how courteously He keepeth us, and maketh us
to know that we go amiss. The fourth is, how steadfastly He abideth us
and changeth no regard: [320] for He willeth that we be turned [again],
and oned to Him in love as He is to us.

And thus by this gracious knowing we may see our sin profitably without
despair. For truly we need to see it, and by the sight we shall be made
ashamed of our self and brought down as anent our pride and
presumption; for it behoveth us verily to see that of ourselves we are
right nought but sin and wretchedness. And thus by the sight of the
less that our Lord sheweth us, the more is reckoned [321] which we see
not. For He of His courtesy measureth the sight to us; for it is so
vile and so horrible that we should not endure to see it as it is. And
by this meek knowing after this manner, through contrition and grace we
shall be broken from all that is not our Lord. And then shall our
blessed Saviour perfectly heal us, and one us to Him.

This breaking and this healing our Lord meaneth for the general Man.
For he that is highest and nearest with God, he may see himself
sinful–and needeth to–with me; and I that am the least and lowest
that shall be saved, I may be comforted with him that is highest: so
hath our Lord oned us in charity; [as] where He shewed me that I should
sin [322] .

And for joy that I had in beholding of Him I attended not readily to
that Shewing, and our courteous Lord stopped there and would not
further teach me till that He gave me grace and will to attend. And
hereby was I learned that though we be highly lifted up into
contemplation by the special gift of our Lord, yet it is needful to us
therewith to have knowing and sight of our sin and our feebleness. For
without this knowing we may not have true meekness, and without this
[meekness] we may not be saved.

And afterward, also, I saw that we may not have this knowing from our
self; nor from none of all our spiritual enemies: for they will us not
so great good. For if it were by their will, we should not see it until
our ending day. Then be we greatly beholden [323] to God for that He
will Himself, for love, shew it to us in time of mercy and grace.

[319] See ch. xxxix. p.81.

[320] ”chere” = manner of looking on us, mien.

[321] S. de Cressy: ”wasted,” but the indistinct word of the Brit. Mus.
MS. is probably ”castid” for ”cast,” or ”casten” = conjectured.

[322] ch. xxxvii.

[323] i.e. in gratitude.


?I was taught that I should see mine own sin, and not other men’s sin except
it may be for comfort and help of my fellow-Christians? (lxxvi.)

ALSO I had of this [Revelation] more understanding. In that He shewed
me that I should sin, I took it nakedly to mine own singular person,
for I was none otherwise shewed at that time. But by the high, gracious
comfort of our Lord that followed after, I saw that His meaning was for
the general Man: that is to say, All-Man; which is sinful and shall be
unto the last day. Of which Man I am a member, as I hope, by the mercy
of God. For the blessed comfort that I saw, it is large enough for us
all. And here was I learned that I should see mine own sin, and not
other men’s sins but if it may be for comfort and help of mine

And also in this same Shewing where I saw that I should sin, there was
I learned to be in dread for unsureness of myself. For I wot not how I
shall fall, nor I know not the measure nor the greatness of sin; for
that would I have wist, with dread, and thereto I had none answer.

Also our courteous Lord in the same time He shewed full surely and
mightily the endlessness and the unchangeability of His love; and,
afterward, that by His great goodness and His grace inwardly keeping,
the love of Him and our soul shall never be disparted in two, without
end [324] .

And thus in this dread I have matter of meekness that saveth me from
presumption, and in the blessed Shewing of Love I have matter of true
comfort and of joy that saveth me from despair. All this homely Shewing
of our courteous Lord, it is a lovely lesson and a sweet, gracious
teaching of Himself in comforting of our soul. For He willeth that we
[should] know by the sweetness and homely loving of Him, that all that
we see or feel, within or without, that is contrary to this is of the
enemy and not of God. And thus–If we be stirred to be the more
reckless of our living or of the keeping of our hearts because that we
have knowing of this plenteous love, then need we greatly to beware.
For this stirring, if it come, is untrue; and greatly we ought to hate
it, for it all hath no likeness of God’s will. And when that we be
fallen, by frailty or blindness, then our courteous Lord toucheth us
and stirreth us and calleth us; and then willeth He that we see our
wretchedness and meekly be aware of it. [325] But He willeth not that
we abide thus, nor He willeth not that we busy us greatly about our
accusing, nor He willeth not that we be wretched over our self; [326]
but He willeth that we hastily turn ourselves unto Him. For He standeth
all aloof and abideth us sorrowfully and mournfully till when we come,
and hath haste to have us to Him. For we are His joy and His delight,
and He is our salve and our life.

When I say He standeth all alone, I leave the speaking of the blessed
Company of heaven, and speak of His office and His working here on
earth,–upon the condition of the Shewing.

[324] See xxxvii., xl., xlviii., lxi., lxxxii.

[325] ”ben it aknowen.” S. de Cressy, ”be it a knowen.”

[326] MS. ”wretchful of our selfe.” S. de Cressy, ”wretchful on our


?Himself is nearest and meekest, highest and lowest, and doeth all.? Love
suffereth never to be without Pity?

BY three things man standeth in this life; by which three God is
worshipped, and we be speeded, [327] kept and saved.

The first is, use of man’s Reason natural; the second is, common
teaching of Holy Church; the third is, inward gracious working of the
Holy Ghost. And these three be all of one God: God is the ground of our
natural reason; and God, the teaching of Holy Church; and God is the
Holy Ghost. And all be sundry gifts to which He willeth that we have
great regard, and attend us thereto. For these work in us continually
all together; and these be great things. Of which great things He
willeth that we have knowing here as it were in an A.B.C., that is to
say, that we have a little knowing; whereof we shall have fulness in
Heaven. And that is for to speed us.

We know in our Faith that God alone took our nature, and none but He;
and furthermore that Christ alone did all the works that belong to our
salvation, and none but He; and right so He alone doeth now the last
end: that is to say, He dwelleth here with us, and ruleth us and
governeth us in this living, and bringeth us to His bliss. And this
shall He do as long as any soul is in earth that shall come to
heaven,–and so far forth that if there were no such soul but one, He
should be withal alone till He had brought him up to His bliss. I
believe and understand the ministration of angels, as clerks tell us:
but it was not shewed me. For Himself is nearest and meekest, highest
and lowest, and doeth all. And not only all that we need, but also He
doeth all that is worshipful, to our joy in heaven.

And where I say that He abideth sorrowfully and moaning, it meaneth all
the true feeling that we have in our self, in contrition and
compassion, and all sorrowing and moaning that we are not oned with our
Lord. And all such that is speedful, it is Christ in us. And though
some of us feel it seldom, it passeth never from Christ till what time
He hath brought us out of all our woe. For love suffereth never to be
without pity. And what time that we fall into sin and leave the mind of
Him and the keeping of our own soul, then keepeth Christ alone all the
charge; and thus standeth He sorrowfully and moaning.

Then belongeth it to us for reverence and kindness to turn us hastily
to our Lord and leave Him not alone. He is here alone with us all: that
is to say, only for us He is here. And what time I am strange to Him by
sin, despair or sloth, then I let my Lord stand alone, in as much as it
is in me. And thus it fareth with us all which be sinners. But though
it be so that we do thus oftentimes, His Goodness suffereth us never to
be alone, but lastingly He is with us, and tenderly He excuseth us, and
ever shieldeth us from blame in His sight.

[327] i.e. helped onwards.


?God seeth all our living a penance: for nature-longing of our love is to Him
a lasting penance in us.? ?His love maketh Him to long?

OUR Good Lord shewed Himself in diverse manners both in heaven and in
earth, but I saw Him take no place save in man’s soul.

He shewed Himself in earth in the sweet Incarnation and in His blessed
Passion. And in other manner He shewed Himself in earth [as in the
Revelation] where I say: I saw God in a Point. [328] And in another
manner He shewed Himself in earth thus as it were in pilgrimage: that
is to say, He is here with us, leading us, and shall be till when He
hath brought us all to His bliss in heaven. He shewed Himself diverse
times reigning, as it is aforesaid; but principally in man’s soul. He
hath taken there His resting-place and His worshipful City: out of
which worshipful See He shall never rise nor remove without end.

Marvellous and stately [329] is the place where the Lord dwelleth, and
therefore He willeth that we readily answer to [330] His gracious
touching, more rejoicing in His whole love than sorrowing in our often
fallings. For it is the most worship to Him of anything that we may do,
that we live gladly and merrily, for His love, in our penance. For He
beholdeth us so tenderly that He seeth all our living [here] a penance:
for nature’s longing in us is to Him aye-lasting penance in us [331] :
which penance He worketh in us and mercifully He helpeth us to bear it.
For His love maketh Him to long [for us]; His wisdom and His truth with
His rightfulness maketh Him to suffer us [to be] here: and in this same
manner [of longing and abiding] He willeth to see it in us. For this is
our natural penance,–and the highest, as to my sight. For this penance
goeth [332] never from us till what time that we be fulfilled, when we
shall have Him to our meed. And therefore He willeth that we set our
hearts in the Overpassing [333] : that is to say, from the pain that we
feel into the bliss that we trust.

[328] ch. xi.

[329] ”solemne.”

[330] ”entenden to” = turn our attention, respond to.

[331] or, as in S. de Cressy, ”For kind longing in us to him is a
lasting penance in us.”

[332] ”cometh.”

[333] The exceeding Bliss. ”Our light affliction, which is but for a
moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of
glory.” — 2 Cor. iv. 17.


?In falling and in rising we are ever preciously kept in one Love ?

BUT here shewed our courteous Lord the moaning and the mourning of the
soul, signifying thus: I know well thou wilt live for my love, joyously
and gladly suffering all the penance that may come to thee; but in as
much as thou livest not without sin thou wouldest suffer, for my love,
all the woe, all the tribulation and distress that might come to thee.
And it is sooth. [334] But be not greatly aggrieved with sin that
falleth to thee against thy will.

And here I understood that [which was shewed] that the Lord beholdeth
the servant with pity and not with blame. [335] For this passing life
asketh [336] not to live all without blame and sin. He loveth us
endlessly, and we sin customably, and He sheweth us full mildly, and
then we sorrow and mourn discreetly, turning us unto the beholding of
His mercy, cleaving to His love and goodness, seeing that He is our
medicine, perceiving that we do nought but sin. And thus by the
meekness we get by the sight of our sin, faithfully knowing His
everlasting love, Him thanking and praising, we please Him:–I love
thee, and thou lovest me, and our love shall not be disparted in two:
for thy profit I suffer [these things to come]. And all this was shewed
in spiritual understanding, saying these blessed words: I keep thee
full surely. And by the great desire that I saw in our blessed Lord
that we shall live in this manner,–that is to say, in longing and
enjoying, as all this lesson of love sheweth,–thereby I understood
that that which is contrarious to us is not of Him but of enmity; and
He willeth that we know it by the sweet gracious light of His kind
love. If any such lover be in earth which is continually kept from
falling, I know it not: for it was not shewed me. But this was shewed:
that in falling and in rising we are ever preciously kept in one Love.
For in the Beholding of God we fall not, and in the beholding of self
we stand not; and both these [manners of beholding] be sooth [337] as
to my sight. But the Beholding of our Lord God is the highest
soothness. Then are we greatly bound to God [338] [for] that He willeth
in this living to shew us this high soothness. And I understood that
while we be in this life it is full speedful to us that we see both
these at once. For the higher Beholding keepeth us in spiritual solace
and true enjoying in God; [and] that other that is the lower Beholding
keepeth us in dread and maketh us ashamed of ourself. But our good Lord
willeth ever that we hold us much more in the Beholding of the higher,
and [yet] leave not the knowing of the lower, unto the time that we be
brought up above, where we shall have our Lord Jesus unto our meed and
be fulfilled of joy and bliss without end.

[334] i.e. truth. See xxvii., ”It is sooth that sin is cause of all
this pain.”

[335] ch. li.

[336] i.e. ”demandeth not that we live.”

[337] i.e. truth, trueness. ”Both these ben soth, as to my syte. But
the beholdyng of our Lord God is the heyest sothnes.” See chaps. xlv.,
lii., etc., the two ”Deemings”: the Beholding by God of the higher Self
and the Beholding by man of the lower self.

[338] in gratitude, obligation.


?Life, Love, and Light?

I HAD, in part, touching, sight, and feeling in three properties of
God, in which the strength and effect of all the Revelation standeth:
and they were seen in every Shewing, and most properly in the Twelfth,
where it saith oftentimes: [It is I.] The properties are these: Life,
Love, and Light. [339] In life is marvellous homeliness, and in love is
gentle courtesy, and in light is endless Nature-hood. These properties
were in one Goodness: unto which Goodness my Reason would be oned, and
cleave to it with all its might.

I beheld with reverent dread, and highly marvelling in the sight and in
the feeling of the sweet accord, that our Reason is in God;
understanding that it is the highest gift that we have received; and it
is grounded in nature.

Our faith is a light by nature coming of our endless Day, that is our
Father, God. In which light our Mother, Christ, and our good Lord, the
Holy Ghost, leadeth us in this passing life. This light is measured
discreetly, needfully standing to us in the night. The light is cause
of our life; the night is cause of our pain and of all our woe: in
which we earn meed and thanks of God. For we, with mercy and grace,
steadfastly know and believe our light, going therein wisely and

And at the end of woe, suddenly our eyes shall be opened, and in
clearness of light our sight shall be full: which light is God, our
Maker and Holy Ghost, in Christ Jesus our Saviour.

Thus I saw and understood that our faith is our light in our night:
which light is God, our endless Day.

[339] Cf. chs. lxxxv. and lxxxvi. These words might be (as Life, Light,
and Love) for the Trinity of Might (”the Father willeth”), Wisdom (”the
Son worketh”), Love (”the Holy Ghost confirmeth”): one Goodness: or as
it is sometimes denoted, the Trinity of Might, Wisdom, Goodness: one
Love. But here the thought seems to be centred in Light as the
manifestation of Being (of Kyndhede = relationships, correspondences of
nature): of the Triune Divine Light which in Man is corresponding
Reason, Faith, Charity: Charity keeping man, while here, in Faith and
Hope; Charity leading him from and through and into the Eternal Divine



THE light is Charity, and the measuring of this light is done to us
profitably by the wisdom of God. For neither is the light so large that
we may see our blissful Day, nor is it shut from us; but it is such a
light in which we may live meedfully, with travail deserving [340] the
endless worship of God. And this was seen in the Sixth Shewing where He
said: I thank thee of thy service and of thy travail. Thus-Charity
keepeth us in Faith and Hope, and Hope leadeth us in Charity. And in
the end all shall be Charity.

I had three manners of understanding of this light, Charity. The first
is Charity unmade; the second is Charity made; the third is Charity
given. Charity unmade is God; Charity made is our soul in God; Charity
given is virtue. And that is a precious gift of working in which we
love God, for Himself; and ourselves, in God; and that which God
loveth, for God.

[340] i.e. earning the endless praise.


?Lord, blessed mayest Thou be, for it is thus: it is well?

AND in this sight I marvelled highly. For notwithstanding our simple
living and our blindness here, yet endlessly our courteous Lord
beholdeth us in this working, rejoicing; and of all things, we may
please Him best wisely and truly to believe, and to enjoy with Him and
in Him. For as verily as we shall be in the bliss of God without end,
Him praising and thanking, so verily we have been in the foresight of
God, loved and known in His endless purpose from without beginning. In
which unbegun love He made us; and in the same love He keepeth us and
never suffereth us to be hurt [in manner] by which our bliss might be
lost. And therefore when the Doom is given and we be all brought up
above, then shall we clearly see in God the secret things which be now
hid to us. Then shall none of us be stirred to say in any wise: Lord,
if it had been thus, then it had been full well; but we shall say all
with one voice: Lord, blessed mayst thou be, for it is thus: it is
well; and now see we verily that all-thing is done as it was then
ordained before that anything was made.


?Love was our Lord’s Meaning?

THIS book is begun by God’s gift and His grace, but it is not yet
performed, as to my sight.

For Charity pray we all; [together] with God’s working, thanking,
trusting, enjoying. For thus will our good Lord be prayed to, as by the
understanding that I took of all His own meaning and of the sweet words
where He saith full merrily: I am the Ground of thy beseeching. For
truly I saw and understood in our Lord’s meaning that He shewed it for
that He willeth to have it known more than it is: in which knowing He
will give us grace to love Him and cleave to Him. For He beholdeth His
heavenly treasure with so great love on earth that He willeth to give
us more light and solace in heavenly joy, in drawing to Him of our
hearts, for sorrow and darkness [341] which we are in.

And from that time that it was shewed I desired oftentimes to learn
[342] what was our Lord’s meaning. And fifteen years after, and more, I
was answered in ghostly understanding, saying thus: Wouldst thou learn
[343] thy Lord’s meaning in this thing? Learn it well: Love was His
meaning. Who shewed it thee? Love. What shewed He thee? Love. Wherefore
shewed it He? For Love. Hold thee therein and thou shalt learn and know
more in the same. But thou shalt never know nor learn therein other
thing without end Thus was I learned [344] that Love was our Lord’s

And I saw full surely that ere God made us He loved us; which love was
never slacked, nor ever shall be. And in this love He hath done all His
works; and in this love He hath made all things profitable to us; and
in this love our life is everlasting. In our making we had beginning;
but the love wherein He made us was in Him from without beginning: in
which love we have our beginning. And all this shall we see in God,
without end.

[341] ”merkness” = dimness.

[342] ”witten” = to see clearly.

[343] ”witten” = to see clearly.

[344] ”lerid.”Notes by Grace Warrack Transcribed by John Ockerbloom


[The Sloane MS. is entitled ?Revelations to one who could not read a
Letter, Anno Dom. 1373,? and each chapter is headed by a few lines
denoting its contents. These titles are in language similar to that of
the text, and are probably the work of an early scribe. No doubt it is
the same scribe who after the last sentence of the book adds the
aspiration :] Which Jesus mot grant us Amen.

[And to him also may be assigned this conclusion:–]Thus endeth the
Revelation of Love of the blissid Trinite shewid by our Savior Christ
Jesu for our endles comfort and solace and also to enjoyen in him in
this passand journey of this life.

Amen Jesu amen

I pray Almyty God that this booke com not but to the hands of them that
will be his faithfull lovers, and to those that will submitt them to
the faith of holy Church, and obey the holesom understondying and
teching of the men that be of vertuous life, sadde Age and sound
lering: ffor this Revelation is hey Divinitye and hey wisdom, wherfore
it may not dwelle with him that is thrall to synne and to the Devill.

And beware thou take not on thing after thy affection and liking, and
leve another: for that is the condition of an heretique. But take every
thing with other. And, trewly understonden, All is according to holy
Scripture and groundid in the same. And that Jesus, our very love,
light and truth, shall shew to all clen soulis that with mekeness aske
profe reverently this wisdom of hym.

And thou to whom this boke shall come, thank heyley and hertily our
Saviour Christ Jesu that he made these shewings and revelations, for
the, and to the, of his endles love, mercy and goodnes for thine and
our save guide, to conduct to everlastying bliss: the which Jesus mot
grant us. AMEN.


Index of Scripture References





2 Corinthians